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2017年2月25日/26日托福独立写作小范围预测

   2017-02-21   【

  2017年2月25日/2月26日托福词汇中范围预测

  本月考试的宝宝,重点思考一下下面常考话题类型试题可以使用的“万能理由”:

  教育类:

  1. It is more important for universities to spend money in improving facilities than in hiring famous professors.

  2. The school has been funding for students to participate in different types of activities, but this year, since the lack of money, the school will fund one activity, which one do you think is the one the school should fund: sports, arts andvolunteering (help the development of the community)?

  3. Taking children to field trips (for example, to a museum) is a better way of education than learning at school in a classroom.

  个人偏好类:

  4. The most important characteristic of a successful politician or leader is good communication skills.

  5. Young people today are more likely to help others than they were in the past.

  6. Young people today are less dependent on their parents for making decisions than they were in the past.

  7. People who cannot accept criticism from others will not be successful at working in a group.

  8. When you have a friend for a long time, whether you will continue the friendship even he or she does something you do not like.

  生活方式类:

  9. People spend too much money on their pets even though there can other good ways to spend money.

  10. Your community has a piece of land and is considering introducing a business to this land. Which business would you prefer? a. a shopping mall b. a performing art center c. a hotel.

  科学技术类:

  11. The Internet is as important as other service, such as building roads, so government should make the Internet access to all the citizens at no cost.

  12. It is better for colleagues or classmates to communicate in person than through emails in order to do a project.

  全球和社会问题类:

  13. It is important for government to provide money for beautiful things and not just for practical things.

  14. In times of economic crisis, local governments often reduce the money they spend in some areas. In your opinion, if a local government is facing economic problems, which of the following areas should it spend less money on? a. libraries b.public transportation c. police.

  文化和媒体类:

  15. Movies and television have more negative effects than positive effects on the behaviors of young people.

  (附解题思路)

  1 The rules that the whole society today expects young people to follow and obey are too strict.

  不同意,采取拆分举例法

  不许年轻人饮酒,因饮酒会闯祸/误事;

  不许年轻人驾车,因糊涂驾车会酿成事故;

  不许年轻人全职工作,因全职工作会耽误学业;

  2 The most important characteristic of a successful politician or leader is good communication skills.

  不同意,采取另立因果法,即有更重要的特质

  责任感,勇于承担,对社会贡献会更大;

  诚实,大家会信赖,能找到真正公民的需求,做出实际的价值;

  诚然,沟通也很重要,但是不能说是最重要的事情;

  3 Young people today are more likely to help others than they were in the past.

  同意,采取要素拆分

  现在年轻人帮人的意愿更强;

  现在年轻人帮人的能力更强;

  诚然,现在人也会面临很多压力,但是年轻人很多时候在细小的事物上帮忙;

  4 It is better for colleagues or classmates to communicate in person than through emails in order to do a project.

  邮件沟通比较好,采取利弊分析

  邮件表达更明确;

  邮件记录更清楚;

  当面沟通更充分,但是细节容易遗忘;

  5 Young people today are less dependent on their parents for making decisions than they were in the past.

  同意,采取举例法

  现在人可以比家长搜索到更多信息;

  现在人可以生活也会比较独立;

  诚然依然有依赖,但是依赖程度变低;

  6 In times of economic crisis, local governments often reduce the money they spend in some areas. In your opinion, if a local government is facing economic problems,which of the following areas should it spend less money on?

  a. libraries;b.public transportation; c. police.

  减少图书馆费用

  人们使用图书馆的频率越来越低;

  图书馆每年需求的费用越来越少;

  诚然,减少交通/警务费用也是一个选择;但是这些计划都不可行:交通越来越堵;恐怖事件越来越多;

  7 Taking children to field trips (for example, to a museum) is a better way of education than learning at school in a classroom.

  Classroom好,采用利弊法

  技术可以更有效的组织课堂,野外会浪费时间;

  教室的教学更加的安全;外面有很多不可控的因素;

  诚然有种声音,外面教学更生动;现在的技术已然非常成熟

  8 Movies and television have more negative effects than positive effects on the behaviors of young people.

  消极影响多,采用利弊法

  年轻人会变懒;

  年轻人学一些坏习惯;

  诚然,也会有很多积极意义,比如能让人开心;但是,对于行为的影响还是消极的多;

  9 People spend too much money on their pets even though there can other good ways to spend money.

  不同意,采取直接联系法

  宠物们满足了老人的心理需求;

  宠物们给人们带来了很多欢乐;

  诚然,人们还有许多花钱的办法,但是宠物上花的钱也是恰当的;

  10 People who cannot accept criticism from others will not be successful at working in a group.

  不接受意见不能成功

  错过很多创新的想法;

  导致合作的效率偏低;

  诚然有的意见很尖锐;但是如果人们能好好的理解和接受,那么成功就会很容易;

  11 It is important for government to provide money for beautiful things and not just for practical things.

  不同意;practical things 更重要

  交通需要钱;

  环境保护也需要钱;

  诚然,美妙的事情也需要投资;但是投资在实用的事情上更重要;

  12 The Internet is as important as other service, such as building roads, so government should make the Internet access to all the citizens at no cost.

  同意,采用利弊分析

  这样可以鼓励人们在这个领域的创新;

  这样可以给个人和企业减负;

  诚然,这样会加重负担,但是长远来看,政府会得到汇报;

  13 It is better to finish a project completely and then do another project than do two or more projects at the same time.

  几个项目同时进行

  节省成本;

  缩短工期;

  诚然,有人会认为会忙中出错,但是如果合理安排就不会有问题;

  14 Being creative,rather than planning carefully more often results in the best solution of a problem.

  Planning好

  可以避免错误;

  可以有足够的时间思考,找到最佳的方案;

  Creative看起来也不错,但是更多是追求的是效果,creative的风险是不可预期;

  15 People should know about events happening around the world even if they have little influence on their daily lives.

  是的

  可以提供很多话题;

  可以对我们的生活提供借鉴;

  诚然,事情有点遥远;但是没准我们对我们的将来有用;

  16 Your community has a piece of land and is considering introducing a business to this land.Which business would you prefer?

  a. a shopping mall;b. a performing art center;c. a hotel.

  Shopping mall

  方便人们生活;

  促进就业;

  诚然,a performing center/hotel 也不错,但是,效益比较有限;

  17 Which doyou think is the best way for a student to make friends?

  a. joining a sports team;b. participating in community activities;c. traveling.

  体育运动利弊

  对学生而言更省钱;

  对学生而言更有吸引力;

  诚然,社区活动和旅游都是不错的选择;但是社区活动成员复杂,旅游的话又太贵;

  18 When you have a friend for a long time, whether you will continue the friendship even he or she does something you do not like.

  会继续

  这可能有误会;

  我们自己要调整;

  诚然,可能会觉得失望,但是朋友之间最重要的是理解和包容;

  <试题回顾>

  A group will be more helped by a person who is willing to do things that other group members want than a person who strongly insists on things that are different from what other members want.

  <解题思路>

  这是一题 “同意反对型” 试题,采取“同意”的立场,解题思路是:

  1- 有利于发挥团队最大的力量,从而实现组织的目标。

  2- 别人要求自己做的事情可能更有利于组织的长期发展,一味坚持自己的立场会“一叶障目”。

  3- (转折段)如果总是按照别人的要求来做事情,可能导致没有办法发挥自己的专长,但这个问题可以通过和小组其他成员的沟通来解决。

  <画外音>

  细心的小伙伴可能发现:托福写作越来越多地开始使用新试题,这不仅给预测带来了挑战,而且对准备参加考试的学生来说,平添了不少难度。这里,给大家几个小贴士:

  1. 不要纠结去预测哪几道具体的题目,大致了解托福独立写作的常考话题类型,并且熟悉相关话题中,大概会用到哪些素材;

  2. 遇到新题,一定要使用自己熟悉的、且反复操练的“万能理由”,如2/18考试中的第一理由:团队合作,是很多“生活方式类”话题的“万能理由”;

  3. 文章不一定都要采用“一边倒结构”,“问题解决法”的“让步转折结构”(转折段的写作)也是非常常用、且比较容易上手的文章结构。

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