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2018年1月27日托福写作机经预测

   2018-01-02   【

  1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The ability to cooperate and work with other people is more important to the ability to lead other people.

  Nowadays, because of fierce competition, many people pursue more favorable jobs and pay attention to the fact——how to succeed in a new job. Some people think the ability to adapt oneself to the new environment is of significant importance, while others insist that the profound knowledge of this job is more important. As far as I am concerned, the ability of grasp the job accounts more in the success of the new job.

  First of all, the good grasp of the knowledge in a new job is the key to get into a new company. When choosing new employees, the managers will definitely value people who have perfect understanding of job and have practice skills. Therefore, if the knowledge base is worse, the candidates may be washed out in the interview. More importantly, in some fields, the excellent knowledge will bring company more profits. For example, in financial company, the better understanding of math, investment can help employer to do well in making profits for company. As a result, they have more possibilities to be accepted and promoted.

  Moreover, the excellent knowledge will consequently lead to remarkable performance in the new environment. The colleagues admire the ability of the person. Once they have problems, they are more likely to communicate with the brilliant employee and discuss the way to solve the problems with him. Therefore, the person with good knowledge will integrate the new environment. On the contrary, if someone's ability does not meet the expectation of the partners and managers, he will lose the attention. So it is difficult for the people to get into the work atmosphere.

  Admittedly, the ability to adapt oneself to the new environment is also important, only they accommodate the environment can they do well in their work. In the good condition, people can take advantage of their potentiality to cooperate with other people and finish projects. But If they don't have profound knowledge, they only talk with people but not help them succeed in a new job.

  In conclusion, the excellent knowledge of new job is more important than the ability to adapt the new environment.

  2. Modern agriculture methods damage the environment, but providing food for the growing population around the world is more important than protecting the environment.

  The world we are living in has seen drastic changes during the past decades, thanks to the fast development of science and technology. In the context of such development, the efficiency of agricultural production has substantially improved with the appearance of labor-saving and labor-replacing machines. Nevertheless, the application of these advanced technologies has simultaneously brought many environmental problems. Accordingly, many people confused about whether providing more food to more people thereby solving starvation problems is more essential than protecting the environment. This problem has aroused much debate. Therefore, it is deserved for people to analyze.

  First and foremost, food is the basic living requirement for each person. For each individual, avoiding starvation is the foundation of all kinds of social activities. Moreover, providing enough food to citizens thereby solving starvation problems and satisfying their basic living rights is simultaneously the fundamental responsibility of each government. Take some undeveloped countries, especially some African countries, as an example. Population growth causes food demand substantially exceeds provide, therefore, starvation problem is becoming more and more serious in those countries. If this situation persists, it will inevitably affect 10Ca1 harmonious and stability. For the government of these areas, improve the agricultural investment and use some more advanced agricultural equipment can effectively solve starvation problem and then enhance citizens' quality of life. Therefore, in these countries, agricultural development is more important than environmental protection.

  While, on the other hand, for most developing countries and developed countries, government should properly reduce the utilization rate of agricultural machines thereby ensure countries sustainable development. If government just focusing on developing agriculture while ignoring environmental protection, human-beings will pay a heavy price for such behaviors as it will cause an amount of more serious environmental problems, such as air pollution, energy crisis, global warming and climate change. In addition, agricultural development can be considered as a current and short-term problem while environmental protection can be considered as a long-term problem. It is selfish that current people just focus on their present profit and requirement while ignoring the negative effects, which will bring to their descendants.

  In summary, I would concede that environmental protection is as important as agricultural development for current society. Nevertheless, for those undeveloped countries or areas, government should give priority to developing agriculture thereby solving the starvation problem. On the other hand, for other countries, government should keep a balance between agricultural development and environmental protection. I firmly believe these two issues can be well compatible with each Other as long as people can optionally use those advanced technologies.

  3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is easier for parents to raise children today than it was 50 years ago.

  Raising children is definitely one of the most challenging things in the world. From the time babies are born, parents have the responsibility to properly feed and educate them. Considering every aspect of raising children, I firmly believe that it is much easier for parents to take care of children nowadays than 50 years ago.

  First, compared with parents 50 years ago, parents nowadays have relatively easy access to information about how to raise a child. 50 years ago, books about raising a child are scarce and computers can only be found in government offices and big companies. However, as technology and book industry develop quickly, we can buy books, magazines and scan websites that provide comprehensive, practical and expert child health and parenting information and activities covering children of different ages. For example, my neighbor just gave birth to a baby and she did not know how to do baby massage. I searched on the internet and found tips about performing baby massage. Some articles even well-illustrated and are equipped with videos, which are more vivid and explicit than words. My neighbor quickly learned how to massage her baby.

  Second, children are vulnerable to various diseases. In the past, many diseases were incurable and even mild diseases like the Vitamin deficiency may cause sufferings. However, in the 21st century many diseases die out because of the advances in modern medicine. Besides, the environment nowadays is hygienic, which means that children are less likely to be attacked by infectious diseases.

  Last but not least, with the development of economy, parents nowadays are more likely to raise children with both strong body and strong mind. In the past, children can hardly fill their bellies, let alone go to school to receive education. Now, things have changed completely. The living standards are much higher than that of 50 years ago, which means that parents now can not only supply their children with sufficient and nutritious food to eat, but also have abilities to provide them mental food. For example, my grandparents told me that many babies born in the 1960s were starve to death because of food scarcity. Although parents were working very hard, they still could not earn enough money to buy daily necessities.

  From the above analysis, I believe that abundant information, coupled with advanced modern medicine and prosperous economy, make it easier for parents nowadays to bring up children.

  4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A leader should have strong opinion and should not change his or her mind.

  Never does the topic merely referring to how to be a successful leader fail to arouse attention of public, with the economy. But much disagreement exists among people as to the attitudes toward subordinates that leaders should hold. Some of them claim that leaders should carry on their own ideas without any disturbed by others. Others, however, are on the opposite. As to this issue, my favor goes to the latter that only a leader who is willing to accept others opinion scan be successful and my reasons will be listed as follows.

  To begin with, leaders are not supposed to make any decisions alone by the risk of making mistakes. That is to say, there is no exception that every individual in this world is likely to introduce error unintentionally, no matter how intelligent or well-informed he is. Take Steve Jobs as an example, no one can deny how tremendous contributions he made to the whole technological industry. In 1998, however, Jobs ignored other directors’ suggestions and persisted in inventing the Newton portable computer, which was overpriced by customers’ imagination, and it lacks of ample support by suppliers. Due to this wrong decision without authorized by other partners, Apple paid a heavy price to regain the reputation among customers. Thus, a person, especially a leader in a company, he is supposed to treat every decision he made carefully which might have colossal impact on the whole company by listening to others’ perspectives rather than stick to his own opinions toughly.

  Plus, the more opinions from other leaders adopt, the better ultimate decisions could be generated. More specifically, when we discuss the same issue with different people, we probably receive distinct feedbacks, enabling us to considering objects from different perspectives and being more comprehensive to consider problems. I would like to cite my best friend Nichole, who was a chairman in student’s Union in her college, as an example. She told me that, the first month after she handled the position as a chairman she almost made every decision by herself in an attempt to ensure everything in the Union is under her control. However, as time went by, she found that every coworker in her union has his own cutting-edge. When she discussed the problems with them, she was exposed to unique perspectives which considerably assisted her to have deeper understandings of the issue and made wiser decisions easily. As an old saying goes, great things may be done by mass effort. It is evident that a successful leader must be a person who is eager to take others’ advice into consideration.

  Admittedly, making decisions alone without taking care of others’ opinions has its own undeniable advantages especially in some specific situations. Say, the leader has to make decision in a short time or the decision is too confidential to let others be aware of. Nevertheless, it is merely under these a few specific circumstances that the better way for leaders to decide by themselves completely. And under these circumstances, the decision shared more likely to turn out to be a disaster as a consequence.

  To conclude, based on the offered arguments above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion that only a leader being prevented from making all decisions by himself without listening to others’ opinions is able to be a successful leader genuinely, since they are more probably to make wise choice and avoid making inferior decisions to some extent.

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