At your next meeting, wait for a pause in conversation and try to measure how long it lasts.
Among English speakers, chances are that it will be a second or two at most. But while this pattern may be universal, our awareness of silence differs dramatically across cultures.
What one culture considers a confusing or awkward pause may be seen by others as a valuable moment of reflection and a sign of respect for what the last speaker has said. Research in Dutch (荷兰语) and also in English found that when a silence in conversation stretches to four seconds, people start to feel uneasy. In contrast, a separate study of business meetings found that Japanese people are happy with silences of 8.2 seconds — nearly twice as long as in Americans' meetings.
In Japan, it is recognised that the best communication is when you don't speak at all. It's already a failure to understand each other by speaking because you're repairing that failure by using words.
In the US, it may originate from the history of colonial (殖民地的) America as a crossroads of many different races. When you have a complex of difference, it's hard to establish common understanding unless you talk and there's understandably a kind of anxiety unless people are verbally engaged to establish a common life. This applies also to some extent to London.
In contrast, when there's more homogeneity,_perhaps it's easier for some kinds of silence to appear. For example, among your closest friends and family it's easier to sit in silence than with people you're less well acquainted with.
1.Which of the following people might have the longest silence in conversation?
2.What might the Japanese agree with in conversation?
A.Speaking more gives the upper hand.
B.Speak out what you have in your mind.
C.Great minds think alike without words.
D.The shorter talking silence, the better.
3.What can we learn from the text?
A.A foursecond silence in conversation is universal.
B.It's hard for Americans to reach a common agreement.
C.English speakers are more talkative than Japanese speakers.
D.The closer we and our family are, the easier the silence appears.
4.What does the underlined word “homogeneity” in the last paragraph mean?
It was still raining. The shop assistant was ready to __1__. “No, please don't，” Tammy __2__. “I'm lost and I have nowhere to go.” She had __3__ her mind to stay where she was because she was sure that her mom would be back to get her.__4__， she had been here for so long and why no one had come. She thought it for the hundredth time.
In the distance she heard a vehicle engine __5__ hoped it was her mom or dad in their car. She was __6__ when she saw that it was a school bus filled with kids. Her eyes were fixed on the bus. Her brain got busy wondering if she should __7__ the bus and if she did so, then how __8__ would help her, because she didn't know where she __9__. Suddenly she saw a huge __10__ monster in the bus. She was really __11__ and began to run. Then the school bus was chasing after her.
“Tammy!” a soft __12__ voice called and someone __13__ touched her shoulder.
“Mom!” Tammy said in __14__， tears of joy rolling down her face.
“Were you having a bad __15__， honey?” she heard her darling mom ask.
“Yes, Mom，” she said __16__. “I was lost and being chased by a school bus and a huge green monster!”
Her mother laughed __17__ and hugged Tammy closely. “You poor dear!” she said. “Dreams can __18__ seem so real, right?” Tammy __19__ her head in agreement and snuggled (依偎) closer. “But you're safe and warm at home!” Tammy sighed in__20__.
解析：选C 根据下文中的“No, please don't”和“I'm lost and I have nowhere to go.”可知，Tammy迷路了，无处可去，她希望店员不要离开(leave)，故C项正确。
解析：选A 根据上句可知，店员要离开;结合“No, please don't”可知，该句是Tammy心里想的内容。A项意为“想”，符合语境，故A项正确。
3.A.relied on B.made up
C.dealt with D.given up
解析：选B 根据语境可知，她下定决心要待在原来的地方，因为她确信她妈妈会回来接她的。make up one's mind为固定搭配，意为“下定决心”，故B项正确。A项意为“依靠，依赖”;C项意为“处理”;D项意为“放弃”。
解析：选D 根据上句可知，她下定决心要待在原来的地方，因为她确信她妈妈会回来接她的;根据空处后面的“she had been here for so long and why no one had come.”可知，她在这里待了这么久，可是没有人来接她，空处前后为转折关系。However意为“然而，不过”，符合语境，故D项正确。
解析：选D 根据该句中的“when she saw that it was a school bus filled with kids”可知，她看到的是载满小孩的校车，并不是她的父母，据此可以判断，她很失望(disappointed)，故D项正确。A项意为“骄傲的”;B项意为“令人舒服的”;C项意为“兴奋的”。
7.A.start B.get off
C.stop D.run after
8.A.her dad B.her mom
C.the monster D.the bus driver
解析：选D 根据该句中的“if she did so, then how__8__would help her, because she didn't know where she__9__”，并结合前文中的“a school bus”可知，因为她不知道自己住在哪里，所以她担心校车司机(the bus driver)不知道如何帮助她，故D项正确。
解析：选C 根据下文中的“a huge green monster”可知，她突然看到校车里有一头巨大的绿色怪兽，故C项正确。
解析：选A 根据该句中的“‘Mom!’ Tammy said in __14__”可知，当发现是妈妈后，她应该是感到宽慰，故A项正确。B项意为“危险”;C项意为“懊悔”;D项意为“悲伤”。
解析：选D 根据下文中的“Dreams can__18__ seem so real”，并结合该句可知，妈妈问她是不是做噩梦(dream)了。故D项正确。
解析：选A 根据下句“I was lost and being chased by a school bus and a huge green monster!”可知，在梦中她迷路了，被一辆校车和一头绿色巨兽追赶;再结合常识可以判断，她急切地(eagerly)将梦中的情景讲给她的妈妈听，故A项正确。B项意为“愤怒地”;C项意为“小心地，谨慎地”;D项意为“秘密地”。
解析：选B 根据该句中的“in agreement”可知，Tammy同意地点头(nodded)，故B项正确。A项意为“挥手”;C项意为“垂下”;D项意为“抬起”。
解析：选A 根据上句“But you're safe and warm at home!”妈妈告诉她，她现在待在温暖而安全的家里可知，Tammy满足(contentment)地叹了口气，故A项正确。B项意为“怀疑”;C项意为“惊奇”;D项意为“耐心”。
“Mirror, mirror, which clothes suit me best?” Now, there is a magic mirror in the shopping center __1__ can answer the question.
A shopping center in England is selling a magic dressing mirror. You needn't enter a fitting room and put the clothes __2__ by yourself. All you need to do is stand in front of the mirror. The magic mirror can tell you __3__ the clothing you have chosen suits you or not.
3D technology __4__ (use) for the magic mirror for you to choose and try on all kinds of clothes from different stores. When you stand in front of the mirror, it will use the technology to make its own __5__ (judge) of your body type. Then you can see __6__ (you) wearing the dress you have chosen in the mirror.
It's very convenient for you to find the most __7__ (suit) dress. You do not have to spend a lot of time __8__ (walk) around in different stores.Neither __9__ you need to shut yourself into a small dressing room. “The mirror has worked much better with women's clothing than __10__ (expect), so we are now developing the software for mens' and kids' clothing，” said the marketing manager of the shopping center.
1.that/which 考查定语从句。空处引导定语从句，修饰先行词a magic mirror，且在从句中作主语，故填关系代词that或者which。
2.on 考查介词。put on是固定搭配，意为“穿上”。
3.whether 考查名词性从句。tell后是一个宾语从句，且句中含有or not，故这里需用whether，表示魔镜会告诉你你选的衣服是否适合你。
4.is used 考查动词时态和语态。主语是3D technology，与use之间是被动关系，故用被动语态;又由于本句叙述的是一般情况，要用一般现在时，故填is used。
7.suitable 考查形容词。空格处修饰名词dress，另外再根据前面的the most可知需填形容词suitable，表示找到最适合的衣服。
8.walking 考查非谓语动词。spend ...(in) doing sth.是固定搭配，意为“花……做某事”，故填walking。
10.expected 考查非谓语动词。此处表示超过了期望，这里指的是对这种3D试衣魔镜的期待;动词expect与其逻辑主语之间是被动关系，故填expected，相当于than it is expected。