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2020翻译资格考试笔译三级英译汉练习:经济发展中的问题

来源:中华考试网   2020-09-16【

  经济发展中的问题

  We must act in accordance with objective laws. In our modernization drive we must always proceed from actual conditions in the country and conscientiously abide by objective laws. We should work energetically and seize opportunities to speed up development, but we must not ignore reality, recklessly expand the scale of development and only pursue rapid economic growth. If we do not keep this in mind, we could end up “just spinning our wheels and going nowhere” or even suffering serious losses. Whether we are doing economic work or other work, we must strive for real results by combining our subjective initiative with adherence to objective laws.

  必须坚持客观规律办事。我国现代化建设要始终坚持从国情出发,自觉遵循客观规律。既要积极进取,抓住机遇加快发展,又不能脱离实际条件,盲目扩大建设规模、片面追求经济增长速度。否则,欲速则不达,还会造成严重损失。经济工作和其他工作都要注重实效,把发挥主观能动性和遵循客观规律统一起来。

  In reviewing our work of the past year, we clearly see that many problems and difficulties remain in our economic and social development. First, although the outstanding problems in economic activities have been somewhat alleviated, they have yet to be fundamentally solved. Weaknesses in agriculture as the foundation of the economy still have not improved substantially, and it has become harder to continue increasing grain production and rural incomes. In addition, there is the possibility of a return to overheating in fixed asset investment, supplies of coal, electricity, petroleum and transportation are still very tight, and there is still considerable inflationary pressure on prices.

  总结一年来的工作,我们清醒地看到,经济社会发展中还存在不少问题和困难。一是经济运行中的突出矛盾虽有所缓解,但尚未根本解决。农业基础薄弱的状况没有明显改变,保持粮食增产和农民增收的难度增加;固定资产投资还有可能反弹;煤电油运仍相当紧张;物价上涨的压力较大。

  We must strengthen and improve macroregulation. Macroregulation has been an important way of implementing a scientific outlook on development over the past two years. Both macroregulation and market forces are integral components of the socialist market economy. We need to make better use of the basic role of market forces in allocating resources and carry out macroregulation well. It is important to adapt the direction, focus, timing and intensity of regulation to economic changes and to improve the methods of exercising it, which is mainly through economic and legal means supplemented by administrative means when necessary, in order to promote economic stability and sustained and rapid economic development.

  必须坚持加强和改善宏观调控。近两年来的宏观调控,是认真落实科学发展观的重要实践。宏观调控与市场机制都是社会主义市场的基础性作用,同时要搞好宏观调控。关键是要根据经济运行的变化,把握好调控的方向、重点、时机和力度,改进调控方式方法,主要运用经济、法律手段,辅之以必要的行政手段,促进经济平稳运行和持续较快发展。

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  口译:翻译资格考试三级口译模拟题

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