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2018年托福写作必备词汇以及加分句型

   2017-12-26   【

  一、托福写作意群词汇

  1.持某观点: claim ( contend reckon share the belief that )

  2.支持某观点:advocate (maintain vote for side with be infavor of )

  3.反对某观点: contradict (criticize be against cast doubtson )

  4.合理的:justified ( sensible feasible convincing holdwater bear much analysis)

  5.好处: advantage (benefit, merit, positive side)

  6.弊端: disadvantage( defect, demerit, negative side)

  7.肯定:undoubtedly (indeed undeniably there is no denyingthat)

  8.不确定:be likely to ( potentially presumably)

  9.重要的:essential (significant, vital, crucial, critical,fundamental, indispensable)

  10. 有益的:beneficial (conducive instrumental )

  11. 有害的:detrimental (harmful virulent)

  12.有争议的:controversial (disputable, contentious)

  13.普遍的:widespread ( prevalent, universal)

  14显著地:considerably (significantly, remarkably,dramatically, tremendously, substantially)

  15. 明显的:evident (apparent, manifest)

  16. 增强:enhance (strengthen intensify)

  17. 减少:decline (descend, collapse, relieve)

  18. 大约:approximately(nearly, around, estimated,roughly)

  19. 趋势: trend(tendency, inclination)

  20. 预见: predict (expect, project)

  21. 带来:bring about (result in, lead to)

  22. 引起: create (spark ;yield;; give rise to)

  23. 建立:establish (found, institute)

  24. 要求:call for (request,demand)

  25. 去除:eliminate(remove, eradicate)

  26. 探讨:explore (examine, identify)

  27. 描绘:depict (portray, illustrate)

  28. 后果:consequence( aftermath; outcome)

  29. 足够:adequate (enough; sufficient)

  30. 解决:tackle ( resolve, address)

  31. 意识:awareness(consciousness)

  32. 控制:curb ( regulate, censor)

  33. 解释:account for ( be responsible for)

  34. 投资:finance (invest in, subsidize)

  35. 缓解:relieve ( ease, alleviate)

  36. 压力:stress ( pressure, strain)

  37. 和谐:harmony ( concordance)

  38. 继承:inherit (hand down)

  39. 培养:cultivate (train, foster)

  40. 促进:promote ( contribute to, upgrade)

  41. 适应:adapt to (adjust to, acclimate to)

  42. 提供:provide (render, afford)

  43. 替代:replace (substitute, take the place of)

  44. 保护:preserve (protect)

  45. 证据:evidence (proof)

  46. 赢得:gain (acquire, attain)

  47. 国外的:foreign( alien, exotic)

  48. 灾难:disaster (misfortune, catastrophe)

  49. 发展:advance (progress)

  50. 倾向于:tend to ( be inclined to , be apt to)

  二、托福写作加分句型

  论证positive方面的常用句型:

  be supposed to 应该;被期望

  bear in mind that… 牢记…

  hold fast to… 牢牢地把握住…

  There’s no better way to… than to… ……是做去某事的最好方式

  go a long way 非常有效

  It’s worthwhile to… 值得做某事

  give sb. the credit for… 把……归功于某人

  enable sb. to do sth./ equip sb. withthe ability to do sth. 让某人可以去做……

  draw on 借鉴(经验等)

  boost efficiency/ productivity 提高效率/生产率

  give sb. a competitive edge 给某人竞争优势

  … is a gateway to… 是实现……的方法

  expand one’s outlook 开阔某人的眼界

  is a good vehicle for… 达到……(某种目的)的途径

  generate… (employment) opportunities 创造就业机会

  dedicate A to B 把A(金钱、时间、精力等)用到B这个目的上

  assume/ shoulder the responsibility for… 承担起……的责任

  be mindful of 关注……

  a wealth of… “大量(有益的东西)”,尤其是后面加抽象名词时

  … is a lifelong process 是持续一生的过程

  put… into practice 把……投入实践

  fulfill one’s potential 发挥某人的潜力

  from within… 来自内心深处

  remove the barrier for 为(发展、交流等)消除障碍

  be in tune with… 与……一致,与……和谐

  keep pace with… 与……同步发展

  promote the development of… 促进……的发展

  raise people’s awareness of… 提高人们的某种意识

  … has found one’s niche 找到了属于自己的一片天地

  be the cornerstone of… 是……的基石

  be an essential ingredient of… 是……的必备条件

  sharpen one’s intellect 提高某人用知识去分析问题的能力

  achieve and maintain sth. 实现并且保持某种状态

  be a positive alternative… 某事是有益替代方式

  participate in 参与

  afford people the sense of belonging/ the sense of fulfillment/ the sense ofachievement 给人们归属感/成就感

  … is a main driving force behind… 是……的主要推动力

  reverse the damage to… 挽回对……的破坏

  is a perfect complement to… 是对……的极好补充

  be in accordance with 与……一致,符合,类似

  catch a glimpse of… 很快地了解一下某事(类似于“走马观花”)

  integrate/ incorporate… into… 将……结合进...…

  give priority to sth. 把…..放在优先位置

  inject… into… 把……注入,赋予……

  explore every avenue toward… 去探究完成……的各种途径

  awaken the conscience of society 唤起社会的良知或责任感

  unravel the mystery/ the detail of… 解释清楚本来很难理解的情况

  Far from being… 完全不是……

  satisfy/ accommodate the needs of… 满足……的需求

  are obligated to… 有义务去做某事

  make it a point to… 确保去做某事

  … is a milestone/ milepost in… 在……的过程中是一个标志性事件

  …is the cradle of… 是……的发源地

  … take sanctuary in… 在……中找到避风港

  gain/ gather/ lose momentum 某件事情的势头更强劲/势头减弱了

  rise to the occasion 迎难而上

  exude confidence/ sympathy/ an air of wealth and power (某人)浑身散发着某种品质

  a labor of love 发自内心、心甘情愿地去做的努力

  get into the swing of things 去努力熟悉、适应身边的事物

  三、托福写作必备单词

  作业(注意它是可数名词,与homework不同): n.assignment

  选修课:n. elective

  学分:n. credit

  青少年:n. adolescent ;青春期的 adj.adolescent

  教学法:teaching/ pedagogical methodology

  适应:adapt to sth./ adjust oneself to sth./ becomeaccustomed to sth.

  适应能力:n. adaptability

  应用:v. apply

  把学生分开教育:segregate students

  团队精神:team spirit

  独立思考:think independently

  在理解的基础上学习:learn things through understanding

  学生的反馈:students’ feedback

  学生评价老师的教学:students appraise/ evaluate their teachers’performance

  通才:n. generalist

  专才:n. specialist

  全面发展的:adj. well-rounded

  为社会健康发展做贡献:contribute to societal well-being (orwelfare)

  人文学科:n. humanities

  社会科学:social sciences

  艺术:n. arts

  文科总称:n. liberal studies/ arts

  理科:n. sciences

  工科:n. engineering

  基础科学:basic sciences

  应用科学:applied sciences

  学科(通称):纪律 n. discipline 管教vt.discipline

  自制力:n. self-discipline

  小(中、大)学教育:primary-level (or secondary-level/tertiary-level ) education

  职业教育:vocational education/ training

  互动:vt. interact

  学校给学生的教育:n. schooling

  学校提供的课程总称:n. curriculum ( pl. curricula)

  心理的:adj. psychological

  参与:n. participation ≈ involvement

  干扰:n. distraction

  记忆:vt. memorize

  获取:vt. acquire

  以教师为中心的:adj. teacher-centered

  以学生为中心的:adj. student- centered

  熟练掌握……:be proficient in

纠错评论责编:examwkk
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