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2019年考研英语基础试题(14)

中华考试网(www.examw.com)  【 】  [ 2018年9月5日 ]

  Section I Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  In Cambodia, the choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends, __1 __ those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker. A young man can __2__a likely spouse on his own and then ask his parents to __3 __ the marriage negotiations, or the young man’s parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection.__4__ , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. __5 __ a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying __6__ a good family.

  The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, __7__ by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and __8__ prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, __9__cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride’s and groom’s wrists, and __10__ a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the __11__ . Newlyseds traditionally move in with the wife’s parents and may __12__ with them up to a year, __13__they can build a new house nearby.

  Divorce is legal and easy to __14__ ,but not common. Divoreced persons are __15__with some disapproval. Each spouse retains __16__ property he or she __17__ into the marriage, and jointly-acquired property is __18__ equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice __19__ up: The divorced male doesn’t have a waiting period before he can remarry __20__ the woman must wait ten months.

  1. [A] by way of [B] on behalf of [C] as well as [D] with regard to

  [标准答案] [C] as well as

  [考点分析] 逻辑关系

  [选项分析] 因为考查逻辑关系,所以需要我们先对填空前后的原文信息做定位分析:空格处身处大环境not only…but also之中,这是一个明显的并列关系,表示“不仅……而且……”,该空后面的those指代前文出现的“parents and friends”,显然“the young man”与“the young woman”为并列关系,表示“与他本人以及伴侣的父母朋友相关”,所以答案只能是[C]项as well as 也,又。[A]项by way of 通过,[D]项with regard to 关于,[B]项on behalf of 代表。

  2. [A] adapt to [B] provide for [C] compete with [D] decide on

  [标准答案] [D] decide on

  [考点分析] 上下文语义

  [选项分析] 根据该句的主语a young man与宾语a likely spouse的关系,答案只能是[D]项decide on“决定”,表示自己决定自己的配偶。[B]项provide for为……提供准备……,provide为及物动词,直接跟宾语,不需要加介词;[C]项compete with“与……竞争”,[A]项adapt to“适用”。

  3. [A] close [B] remew [C] arrange [D] postpone

  [标准答案] [C] arrange

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 该句意思为:他可以自己选择自己中意的伴侣并让父母_____婚姻谈判。四个选项中,[A]项close 关闭;[B]项renew 更新,恢复;[D]项postpone 推迟;这三项语义不正确,只有[C]项arrange“安排”符合语境。

  4. [A] Above all [B] In theory [C] In time [D] For example

  [标准答案] [B] In theory

  [考点分析] 上下文语义

  [选项分析] 逻辑判断题主要是看前后两句的含义,前面说“他可以自己选择自己中意的伴侣并让父母安排婚姻谈判,或者完全由父母选择对象,不给孩子选择的机会。”空格后面说“女方可以否决她父母所选择的对象。”这两句之间显然是相反的关系,且有一个may,更证明[B]项In theory“理论上说”的正确性,而其他选项[A]项Above all最重要的是,[C]项In time 准时,[D]项For example举例,均不符合题意。

  5. [A] Although [B] Lest [C] After [D] Unless

  [标准答案] [C] After

  [考点分析] 上下文语义

  [选项分析] 根据下文“______a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other…”可知,只有对象选择好后,父母才会去调查对方,显然表达的是时间先后顺序,所以只有after才对。其他选项[A]项Although 尽管, [B]项Lest 以免,唯恐,[D]Unless 除非,否则都不符合题意。

  6. [A] into [B] within [C] from [D] through

  [标准答案] [A] into

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及介词辨析

  [选项分析] 这里主要是看marry与相关介词的固定搭配及句意理解。这里marry into就是指“通过婚姻得到[成为]……的一员”,而其他选项均没有这层含义。

  7. [A] since [B] or [C] but [D] so

  [标准答案] [C] but

  [考点分析] 逻辑关系

  [选项分析] 根据上文“以前婚礼会持续三天”,出处句子意为“到了20世纪80年代,婚礼只持续一天半”,显然与前文发生转变,为对比关系,因此选择[C]项but 但是。

  8. [A] copy [B] test [C] recite [D] create

  [标准答案] [C] recite

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 空格处需要填一个动词,和后面的prayers of blessing所搭配,[C]项recite 有“吟诵、朗诵”的意思,与所给短语搭配最为合理,译为“吟诵祝福的祈祷文”。

  9. [A] folding [B] piling [C] wrapping [D] tying

  [标准答案] [D] tying

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 本题需要根据上下文语义分析,空格处需要搭配后文“棉线”,纵观四个选项[A]项 折叠,[B]项 堆积,[C]项 包裹,[D]项 系上,根据后文的“around the bride’s and groom’s wrists 在新郎和新娘的腰间”,只有[D]项“将在圣水中浸过的棉线系在新郎和新娘的腰间”符合句意。

  10. [A] passing [B] lighting [C] hiding [D] serving

  [标准答案] [A] passing

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 原文空格需要填写一个动词与后文“around a circle”来搭配,译为“将蜡烛传一圈”,故[A]项“传递”为正确选项。[B]项 点亮,[C]项 隐藏,[D]项 服务。

  11. [A] meeting [B] collection [C] association [D] union

  [标准答案] [D] union

  [考点分析] 名词辨析

  [选项分析] 本句语义为“将蜡烛绕着幸福完婚和受人尊敬的夫妻传递一圈来祝福 ”,[D]项 结合,引申为“婚姻”之意;根据语境,[D]项正确。

  12. [A] grow [B] part [C] deal [D] live

  [标准答案] [D] live

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] 本题比较简单。根据语义“根据传统,新婚夫妇要搬到妻子父母家,与父母____一年”,[D]项“生活”为最佳答案。[C]项 交易,[B]项 分开,[A]项 成长。

  13. [A] whereas [B] until [C] if [D] for

  [标准答案] [B] until

  [考点分析] 时间逻辑关系

  [选项分析] 本句意为“_____他们在附近建造一栋新房子”,[A]项 然而,[B]项 直到,[D]项因为,[C]项 如果,结合前文“新婚夫妇根据传统要和女方家人生活一年”,前后存在一定的时间关系,[B]项“直到”最符合原文语境,搭配最为合理。

  14. [A] avoid [B] follow [C] challenge [D] obtain

  [标准答案] [D] obtain

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] Divorce is legal and relatively easy to __14__, but not common. 该句句意为“离婚是合法的,且相对容易____。”[A]项avoid避免,[B]项follow跟随,[C]项challenge挑战,质疑,[D]项obtain获得,实现。根据关键词“legal”可知这里表达的是正面的意思,再根据句意选择[D]项。

  15. [A] isolated [B] persuaded [C] viewed [D] exposed

  [标准答案] [C] viewed

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词辨析

  [选项分析] Divorced persons are __15__ with some disapproval. 离婚的人 一些不认可。本段第一句提到“离婚是合法的且相对容易得到批准,但是不常见。”这句其实是在说明离婚并不常见的原因,[A]项isolated孤立,[B]项persuaded劝说,[C]项viewed看待,[D]项exposed接触,受到……的影响,[C]项最符合句意。

  16. [A] whereever [B] whatever [C] whenever [D] however

  [标准答案] [B] whatever

  [考点分析] 关系代词辨析

  [选项分析] Each spouse retains ___16___ property he or she __17__ into the marriage. 17小题四个选项都是动词,所以该句意思为:夫妇双方保有财产,这个财产是他或她进婚姻的。结合[A]项 whereever“无论何地;任何(地方)=any place where(定从)”;[B]项 whatever“无论什么;任何(东西)=anything that/any+N that”;[C]项 whenever无论何时;任何时间=any time when;[D]项 however无论如何;无论多么。根据语义,这里应该不是让步的关系,而且填的这个词还要能修饰property。因此,选择[B]项,等于retains any property that he or she……。

  17. [A] changed [B] brought [C] shaped [D] pushed

  [标准答案] [B] brought

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词义辨析

  [选项分析] Each spouse retains ___16___ property he or she __17__ into the marriage,结合[A]项 changed“改变”,[B]项 brought “带来”,[C]项 shaped“形成”,[D]项 pushed“推,逼迫”。结合语境只有[B]项符合句意,意为“把财产带入婚姻”。

  18. [A] invested [B] divided [C] donated [D] withdrawn

  [标准答案] [B] divided

  [考点分析] 上下文语义及动词义辨析

  [选项分析] ...and jointly-acquired property is __18__ equally. 结合[A]项invested投资;[B]项divided分配;分开;[C]项donated 捐赠;[D]项withdrawn撤出,提取。根据语义应该是共同财产被(夫妻双方)平分,因此选择[B]项。

  19. [A] warms [B] clears [C] shows [D] breaks

  [标准答案] [C] shows

  [考点分析] 动词固定搭配

  [选项分析] Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice __19__up. 该句语义为离过婚的人或许会再婚,但是性别偏见 。[A]项warm up加热,热身;[B]项clear up(天气)变晴,收拾,消除;[C]项show up显现;[D]项break up分裂,分开;根据句意,选择[C]项。

  20. [A] while [B] so that [C] once [D] in that

  [标准答案] [A] while

  [选项分析] 上下文语义

  [考点分析] 本句句意为:离婚的男性再婚不需要等待期,女性必须等十个月。显然前后两句存在转折关系,只有[A]项while“然而”能够表达这个意思。

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