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2016年中考英语作文写作模板:书信

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   书信

  书信是人们在日常生活、学习、工作和公务活动中应用最为广泛的有一定惯用格式的应用文,是个人与个人之间、个人与组织之间、组织与组织之间交流思想感情、传递意见要求、传播信息的书面形式。

  同其它类应用文一样,书信具有实用性强、格式固定、使用广泛等特点。

  由于文化背景与习俗的不同,英文书信与中文书信在书写格式上有较大差异,需特别注意。

  书信的写法应注意三大部分。

  一、信封的格式

  在信封正面的中间略偏右的地方写收信人的地址,注意要先写收信人的姓名,再从小到大写上收信人的地址,寄信人的地址则按从小到大的顺序写在信封的左上角,或者是写在信封的背面。

  二、书信的格式

  书信分为正式信件(公务性信件和商务性信件)和非正式信件(家人、朋友之间的信件)两种。

  三、正文的写法

  1. 信头(Heading):信头是指写信人的地址及日期,位于信笺的右上方,距信纸的顶头约一英寸。顺序是先写地址,后写日期。地址由小写到大,即门牌号→街名→城市→省份→国名,由小到大的顺序书写。如“江西省万载县康乐镇田下路159号”,英文写法是:159 Tianxia Road, Kangle Town, Wanzai County, Jiangxi Province;日期可按“日—月—年”的顺序或“月—日—年”的顺序写。

  2. 信内地址(Inside Address):它是指收信人的姓名和地址,写在信笺的左上方,稍低于信头一至二行,在称呼语上方。顺序是先写收信人姓名,后写职务,再写地址(由小到大)。商业往来信件及公函必须写信头和信内地址。但亲友、熟人之间的信可不写信内地址,信头处只写发信日期。

  3. 称呼(Greeting):收信人的称呼,写在信纸的左边,低于信内地址。

  4. 书信的正文(Body):是写信者所要说的话,正文信的内容,从左向右横写,低于称呼语,常在缩进四、五个字母处起笔。写信与写文章一样,要分段写,每段有一个中心思想,内容要表达清楚,语言要简单明了,态度要诚恳礼貌。给亲友的信还应亲切热情。考试时必须把规定的内容写清楚。正文结束时,还可写一两句表达心愿的话,如:Best wishes to you /Remember me to your family /Hoping to hear from you soon等。

  5. 结束语(Closing):发信人表示自己对收信人的一种客套称呼,写在书信正文结尾下面低两行的位置上。一般它均从正中或偏右处写起。结束语的第一个字母必须大写,后面须加上逗号。收信人与写信人之间是朋友关系时常用:Yours,/Yours ever,/Ever yours,/Always(Sincerely) yours, 等等。

  6. 签名(Signature):发信人自己的姓名,写在结束语的下面一行。可与结束语齐头或略向右靠一点儿。

  在这里给大家介绍一些关于书信的开头和结尾的写法:

  A. 开头语

  1. Thank you for your letter of September 1.

  2. Many thanks for your kind letter which reached me yesterday.

  3. You letter come to me this morning.

  4. I was delighted to receive your letter.

  5. I am in receipt of your letter.

  6. It’s a long time since I saw your last.

  7. I have been missing you a lot since we met last time.

  8. I am sorry for not writing to you sooner.

  9. I am writing to you tell that ……

  10. I often think of you. How are you recently?

  B. 结束语

  1. Good luck!

  2. Best wishes!

  3. Take care of yourself, will you?

  4. Send my love to your…

  5. Please write to me when you have time.

  6. Please write soon.

  7. Let’s keep in touch.

  8. I am looking forward to your next letter soon.

  9. Thank you for an early reply.

  10. Please tell me if you need my help.

  [实例点评]

  请按以下提示给美国总统写一封信。提示:

  1. 你是一个中国学生,对美国攻打伊拉克很关注。

  2. 战争已经持续十多天了。这些天来,大约二十万美、英士兵一直在攻击伊拉克(Iraq) 。到目前为止,已经有很多房屋被摧毁(destroy) ,数以百计的平民(civilians) 在战争中被打死。伊拉克的儿童不能安静地上学,甚至连吃的都没有。

  3. 希望美、英立刻停止战争,让伊拉克人民能重新过上平静的生活,让伊拉克的儿童重新回到课堂。

  [写作指导]

  1. 这是一封写给美国总统呼吁停止战争的信。措词要恰当。要以学生身份去写。

  2. 一些关键词:last 持续, two hundred thousand 二十万,be killed 被打死,live a…life 过着……生活,care about 关注。

  3. 要正确使用被动语态。

  [参考范文]

  No. 28 Middle School

  Yangzhou

  April 8, 2005

  Dear Mr President Bush,

  I am a student from China. All my classmates and I are caring about the war between your country and Iraq.

  So far, the war has lasted about ten days. During these days, about two hundred thousand soldiers from your country and Britain have kept attacking Iraq. Many houses have been destroyed. Hundreds of civilians have been killed in the war. What’s worse, the children in Iraq couldn’t go to school like the children in your country and all of us. They even have no food to eat.

  Mr President Bush, will you please stop the war at once? Let the people in Iraq live a quiet life and let the children go back to their schools, will you?

  Love,

  Li Lei

  [强化训练]

  1. 假如你叫Li Ming, 中学生,经常收听音乐节目,请你用英语给节目主持人写一封信。信的要点如下:(1)你很喜欢这个节目,特别是英语歌曲;(2)学习很疲劳时,你会打开收音机,听这个节目;(3)从英语歌里你学了很多单词;你最喜欢“Take Me to Your Heart”这首歌,希望得到歌词(the words of a song)。

  注意:信要通顺连贯;词数70左右。信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

  2. 假定你叫周海,家住江西省南昌市北京西路 153号,你刚收到好友张辉8月15日的来信。他说对英语学习失去了信心,准备放弃,你很吃惊。现请你给他复信,劝他继续学习,并告诉他英语是一门重要学科,要有克服困难的意志,要有好的学习方法。写信时间为8月 20日,词数100左右。

  3. 你是尚佳,在昆明大学英语系(English Department)一年级读书,九月十五日给你父母亲(辽宁省海城市八里镇头道村)写了一封信,信中说,你到昆明半个月了。这里很美,四季如春,昆明人更美,处处盛开友谊(friendship)之花。昆大的老师和同学们对你都很好,恐怕东北人在此不适应(fit),他们便常常关照你,这里就像一个欢乐的大家庭,请你父母亲放心,待家里活忙完后,也来昆明住几天。请你用100字左右写出这封信的全文。

  4. 假如你叫李海,暑假里你和父亲去北京旅游。几天后你给你的同学赵涛写信,向他介绍首都北京及你们参观长城情况。(你住在北京西长安街809号)

  5. 假若你叫王梅,你的英国笔友Betty写信请你给她介绍有关中国春节的一些情况。请你给她写封回信。

  6. 假如你是张吉,你的加拿大笔友Tim给你来信,告知你他将来宁波度假。请你根据所给提示用英语写一封回信。词数:60-80。

  回信须包括以下要点:

  1) 欢迎他来宁波;2) 恰好你也有一个月的假期;3) 在宁波可以游泳、钓鱼、爬山、吃各种海鲜、浏览市容;4) 你们可以互相学习语言;5) 请对方告知到达的时间和航班号,以便去机场迎接。

  7. 假如你叫李平,参加了学校开展的“有烦恼向谁说”的调查活动,调查结果如图所示。请你用英语给校报编辑写一封信,内容包括:调查结果(不局限于用分数表述)、理由及自己的想法。

  要求:1) 语句通顺,合乎逻辑;

  2) 词数80-100(信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数)。

  提示词:survey 调查,trust 信任

  [参考范文]

  1. No. 28 Middle School

  Suzhou

  April 8, 2005

  Dear Mr Liu,

  I’m a middle school student. In my spare time, I’d love to listen to the radio, especially the programme you present. When I am tired, I usually turn on my radio to relax. I enjoy the English songs in the programme most. From the songs, I learn new words. It is helpful in my English study.

  I was wondering whether you could help me find the words of the song Take Me to Your Heart, as it is one of my favourites.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

  2. 153 Beijing West Road

  Nanchang, Jiangxi

  August 20, 2005

  Dear Zhang Hui,

  I have received your letter of August 15. I’m surprised to learn that you have lost heart in your English and that you want to give it up.

  In my opinion, English is an important subject for us middle school students. It’s wrong for you to give it up. I hope you’ll go on studying English. You should have more confidence and when you are learning a language you will make mistakes, this is part of learning. Where there is a will, there is a way. Besides, you must develop a good way of learning. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask your teacher for help. I’m sure you’ll make great progress in your English very soon.

  Yours,

  Zhou Hai

  3. Grade One

  English Department

  Kunming University 650032

  Kunming, Yunnan Province

  September 15, 1999

  Dear parents,

  How are you? How time flies! I’ve been in Yunnan for nearly half a month.

  All is beautiful here and so are the people. All the year is just like spring, and there are flowers of friendship here and there.

  Here’s a big family and we are brothers and sisters. They take good care of me, for they are afraid it can’t fit a friend from the Northeast. So I’m very happy here and you needn’t worry.

  Hope you come and visit here after farm work.

  Yours loving,

  Shang Jia

  4. 809 West Chang’an Street, Beijing

  July 20, 2005

  Dear Zhao Tao,

  I’ve been in Beijing for several days. I miss you very much. Does everything go well at home? Now let me tell you something about Beijing.

  Beijing, our capital, is a very beautiful city. There are too many people, cars and big buildings in Beijing. There are all kinds of shops. They sell all kinds of things. There are lots of places of great interest. Now it’s the best time to visit Beijing. Too many travellers have come here.

  Yesterday my father and I visited the Great Wall. How great! I was very excited when I saw the Great Wall. We took lots of photos. I saw lots of foreigners, they’re very interesting. We enjoyed ourselves very much there.

  Zhao Tao, have you finished your lessons? I’m going home soon.

  Please tell my mother not to worry about us.

  Yours,

  Li Hai

  5. Dear Betty,

  Thank you for your last letter. I’m getting on well with all my subjects. I hope you can come to China one day. The following is the answer to your questions. The Spring Festival is the most important festival for China people. It always comes during winter holidays. It’s time for families to get together. People all have a big dinner in the evening before the Spring Festival. On the Spring Festival, every people wears their new clothes. People say “Happy New Dear” to each other. In the following few days, people will be busy visiting friends and relatives. Everyone enjoys the Spring Festival. Our winter holidays will come soon, so will the Spring Festival. I’m busy with my lessons now. I have to stop writing. Thank you for helping me with my English.

  Yours sincerely

  Wang Mei

  6. August 9th

  Dear Tim,

  I received your letter yesterday. I’m very happy to hear that you’ll come to Ningbo. I’m going to have a one-month holiday after the exams finish. We can spend our holiday together. We can go swimming, go fishing, climb the hills and enjoy many kinds of seafood. We can also visit different parts of this beautiful city. I’m sure you’ll like it. At the same time, we can learn language from each other. Please call me and let me know your flight number and the arrival time as soon as you get the ticket. I’ll meet you at the airport. I’m sure we’ll have a good time together.

  Best wishes to your family!

  Yours,

  Zhang Ji

  7. June 26th, 2005

  Dear editor,

  I am a student in Grade Three. We have made a survey-“To whom do you go when in trouble”.

  Here are the results. Most of the students will go to their classmates or friends when in trouble because they’re almost the same age and they can talk with, communicate with and understand each other easily. Some students will tell their teachers or parents about their troubles as the teachers and parents have rich experience and love them very much. They can be trusted by these students. Only a few students solve their problems all by themselves. They hate to talk with others and can’t get on well with others. They have few friends.

  In my opinion, when in trouble we should ask our teachers, parents, friends or classmates for help.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ping

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