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2018年北京高考语法练习试题及答案(7)

中华考试网  2017-10-05  【

  1.(2016·高考全国甲卷语法填空)Then (achieve).2.(2016·高考全国丙卷语法填空)Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius (develop) of chopsticks.

  3.(2016·高考全国乙卷短文改错)Instead4.(2016·高考全国丙卷短文改错)At one timebe freely from them.

  5.(2016·高考全国丙卷短文改错)I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes.

  6.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat (slow)during cool nights,thus warming the house.

  7.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)As (nature)architects8.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅰ语法填空)Abercrombie & Kent (regular)arranges quick getaways here for people...

  9.(2015·高考广东卷语法填空) (lucky)10.(2014·高考全国卷Ⅰ语法填空)The river was so polluted that it (actual)caught fire and burned.11.(2014·高考全国卷Ⅰ语法填空)While there are (amaze)stories of instant transformation,...

  12.(2014·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done (sudden)became friendly to one another.

  13.(2014·高考辽宁卷语法填空)I can't control my body well.My legs become (pain).14.(2013·高考广东卷语法填空)That would be a very (reason)thing to do in a big city.

  15.(2013·高考广东卷语法填空)But such a small thing couldn't (possible)destroy a village.

  答案:1.achievement 2.development 3.steady→steadily 4.freely→free 5.wear→wearing 6.slowly 7.natural 8.regularly 9.Luckily 10.actually 11.amazing 12.suddenly 13.painful 14.reasonable 15.possibly

  1.常考前缀(1)表示否定或相反意义的前缀dis­ in­,ir­,non­,anti­:disagreempossible,nonstop等。(2)形容词变动词的前缀en­:able→enable;large→enlarge等。(3)其他:inter­相互超过重新以前的超副:interaction。2.常考后(1)形容词+ly变成副词:real→really等。(2)动词或名词变成形容词的后缀­able:nature→natural等。(3)动词变名词的后缀­al:arrive→arrivalear→appearance,exist→existence,invite→invitation等。(4)形容词变名词的后缀­cy:fluent→fluence等。(5)表示人的后缀­er:teachernese,American,musician,servant等。(6)表示否定的后缀­less:hopeless等。(7)形容词变动词的后缀­en:broad→broaden等。(8)名词变动词的后缀­ize:apology→apologize等。3.转化(1)名词→动词:back .背→支持座→容纳。(2)动词→名词:walk→take a walk。(3)形容词→动词:slow 慢的→减慢。4.合成法(1)名词+名词→名词:classroom。(2)形容词+名词→名词:blackboard。(3)副词+名词→名词:overcoat。(4)副词+动词→动词:update。(5)名词+动词→动词:sun­bathe。(6)名词+分词→形容词:man­made。(7)形容词+分词→形容词:good­looking。

  Ⅰ.单句语法填空1.Mary was very at the news,so she looked at her husband,her eyes full of .(sad)

  2.He football very well and he was one of the best in yesterday's football match.(play)

  3.Look!How Kate is laughing!She seems to be the girl in the world.(happy)4.To our ,the headmaster was very with our report.(satisfy)

  5.Edison was a great .During his life he had many .(invent)6.I should my task and make it to finish it.(simple)

  7.The boy having the of being half starved ,never to be seen again.(appear)

  8.The police the pot and a plot against the President.(cover)

  9.You are so to help me.Thank you for your .(kindly)10.Everything is becoming than before and many college students have to work to make some money for their college .(expend)11.Soccer is played by millions of people all over the world,but there have been only a few (play)who are (true)great.

  12.Many people have the (acknowledge)that environmental protection is a must.However,few of them take any (act)on this movement.

  13.When the residents expressed their (encourage)to the (courage)boy,he showed a (determine)look.

  14. (rude)is never acceptable.Don't assume it is OK to be rude if the person you're in touch with won't (recognition)you.

  15.On my (arrive)at my destination,I was greeted with (smile)faces and treated like a queen.

  16.However,most (science)agree that EQ has a lot to do with (educate).17.Excellent oral and written (communicate)skills in Chinese and English are of (important).18.His shout frightened the boys.

  =The shout was and the boys felt .(frighten)19.His look suggested that he knew nothing about it.(surprise)

  20.The story sounds and we are in the story.(interest)

  答案:1.sad;sadly;sadness 2.played;players 3.happily;happiest 4.satisfaction;satisfied 5.inventor;inventions 6.simplify;simple 7.appearance;disappeared 8.discovered;uncovered 9.kind;kindness 10.more expensive;expenses 11.players;truly 12.acknowledgement;action 13.encouragements;courageous;determined 14.Rudeness;recognize 15.arrival;smiling 16.scientists;education 17.communication;importance 18.frightening;frightening;frightened 19.surprised 20.interesting;interested

  单句改错1.A difficult person will be easier to cooperate if understand is achieved.

  2.The actually reasons for this phenomenon are the subject of a very heated discussion.

  3.It's surprised what people will do for money.

  4.When facing danger,one should keep calmly.

  5.Are you being completely honesty about your feelings?

  6.I was thrilling to be invited.

  7.Hopeful,we'll arrive before dark.

  8.I felt extreme upset,and I couldn't believe my mother refused to help the animal.

  9.Was she telling me the true or trying to cheat me?

  10.In this increasingly competitive world,we are supposed to enrich ourselves constant to keep in pace with the modern society.

  答案:1.understand→understanding 2.actually→actual 3.surprised→surprising 4.calmly→calm 5.honesty→honest 6.thrilling→thrilled 7.Hopeful→Hopefully

  8.extreme→extremely 9.true→truth 10.constant→constantly

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