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2017年6月英语四级阅读模拟试题及详解答案(八)

   2017-06-13   【

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

  It is simple enough to say that since books have classes fiction, biography, poetry—we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconception when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellow worker and accomplice(同谋). If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible finess(委婉之处), from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite. The thirty two chapters of anovel—if we consider how to read a novel first—are an attempt to make something as formed and controlled as a building but words are more impalpable than bricks, reading is a longer and more complicated process than seeing. Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelist is doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. Recall, then, some event that has left a distinct impression on you—how at the corner of the street, perhaps, you passed two people talking. A tree shook; an electric light danced; the tone of the talk was comic, but also tragic; a whole vision, an entire conception, seemed contained in that moment.

  21.What does the author mean by saying “Yet few people ask from books what books can give us.”?

  A.The author means that lots of people read few books.

  B.The author thinks that readers have only absorbed part of knowledge in books.

  C.The author holds that few people have a proper idea about what content some kind of books should include.

  D.The author considers that readers can scarcely understand most of the books.

  22.According to the passage, which of the following statement is right?

  A.A reader should find some mistakes when he is reading.

  B.The more difficult a book is, the more you can get from it.

  C.To read something is easier than to watch something.

  D.One should be in the same track with the writer when he is reading.

  23.What is the possible meaning of “impalpable” (Paragraph 2) in the passage?

  A.Clear. B.Elusive. C.Delicate. D.Precise.

  24.What’s the main idea of this passage?

  A.The importance of reading. B.The proper way to read.

  C.How to get most from one book. D.The characters of a good book.

  25.When a writer is writing he often get the whole conception ____.

  A.after a long time’s thinking

  B.through an instant inspiration

  C.according to his own experience

  D.by way of watching the objects attentively

  参考答案:

  21.答案B。先找有关细节,解题的关键在第四句,意为“游击队员要求释放关在以色 列监狱里的200多名巴勒斯坦人并安全离开德国”。这样,我们就可以来分析选项了。A项说“因为以色列运动员和游击队有冲突。”这是事实,因为文章讲的就是,但这不是原因,故不能选。再看B项“阿拉伯游击队意在营救被关押在以色列监狱中的巴勒斯坦人”,属实, 现在看C、D项是否更确切。C项说“德国政府憎恨以色列人”,风马牛不相及。而D项“阿拉 伯游击队想要一大笔钱”,显然也不是他们的目的。现在就可确定B为正确答案无疑。

  22.答案B。根据第七句可知,奥运会赛事被中止。这不正 意味着当时奥运会正在进行吗?这样,我们就可以来对选项进行取舍了。A项“结束了”,显然不对。C项“即将结束”,虽然 也有正在进行之意,但概括得又太具体,所以也不能选。而D项“即将发生”,更不对。这 样就只剩下B项,其意为“正在进行”,正是作者的隐含看法,所以正确无疑。

  23.答案C。根据选项,结合问题,可知选项涉及到国名。再看原文,发现第10句是 关键句:恐怖分子被告知飞往某一个阿拉伯国家。特别注意“阿拉伯国家”五个字。好了, 现在我们就可以来分析选项了。去掉不属于阿拉伯国家的选项,就可以得出正确答案。A项 “意大利”,B项“印度”,D项“尼日利亚”,都不属于阿拉伯国家。这样就只剩下C项,而“叙 利亚”正好属于阿拉伯国家。从此题的选择过程中,我们可以体会到,多掌握一些英语背景 知识如地理的、文化的、历史的等等,对提高学习成绩很有帮助。

  24.答案B。此题涉及到数字,要考虑到有可能进行简单计 算。先找有关细节。根据倒数第三句和第二句可以知道:(在警察实施营救时,)4个阿拉伯人被击毙,3个被捕,1个逃 跑,所以有4+3+1=8个。这样就可以一目了然地找到正确答案为B。D为干扰性较强的选项。

  25.答案A。解答此题应具有一定的逻辑推理能力。通读全 文,可知阿拉伯国家 (以巴勒斯坦为代表)与以色列关系紧张。而经过此次冲突,以及以色列的报复,关系可能会更加恶 化。据此,我们就可对选项进行辨析取舍了。A项说“他们将可能挑起另一次冲突”,与我们 的分析及作者的暗示相吻合。再看还有没有更合适的选项,B项说“他们将可能开始谈判”有 点可能,但既然以色列刚报复过,阿拉伯、巴勒斯坦会就此罢休吗?所以与A相比,应排除。 再看C项“他们将尽量改善彼此的关系”也不合事实。而D项“他们将诉诸于联合国”,可能性 也不大。所以可断定A为正确答案无疑。

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