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2017年6月英语四级阅读模拟试题及详解答案(七)

   2017-06-13   【

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

  It is simple enough to say that since books have classes fiction, biography, poetry—we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconception when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellow worker and accomplice(同谋). If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible finess(委婉之处), from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite. The thirty two chapters of anovel—if we consider how to read a novel first—are an attempt to make something as formed and controlled as a building but words are more impalpable than bricks, reading is a longer and more complicated process than seeing. Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelist is doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. Recall, then, some event that has left a distinct impression on you—how at the corner of the street, perhaps, you passed two people talking. A tree shook; an electric light danced; the tone of the talk was comic, but also tragic; a whole vision, an entire conception, seemed contained in that moment.

  21.What does the author mean by saying “Yet few people ask from books what books can give us.”?

  A.The author means that lots of people read few books.

  B.The author thinks that readers have only absorbed part of knowledge in books.

  C.The author holds that few people have a proper idea about what content some kind of books should include.

  D.The author considers that readers can scarcely understand most of the books.

  22.According to the passage, which of the following statement is right?

  A.A reader should find some mistakes when he is reading.

  B.The more difficult a book is, the more you can get from it.

  C.To read something is easier than to watch something.

  D.One should be in the same track with the writer when he is reading.

  23.What is the possible meaning of “impalpable” (Paragraph 2) in the passage?

  A.Clear. B.Elusive. C.Delicate. D.Precise.

  24.What’s the main idea of this passage?

  A.The importance of reading. B.The proper way to read.

  C.How to get most from one book. D.The characters of a good book.

  25.When a writer is writing he often get the whole conception ____.

  A.after a long time’s thinking

  B.through an instant inspiration

  C.according to his own experience

  D.by way of watching the objects attentively

  参考答案:

  21.答案C。解答此题,正确理解“Yes…us”一句含义是 关键。其实质含义是:“许多人读书时因观念不正确,而仅仅能从书本中得到很少的知识获得很少的启迪”。这样,我们 就可以对选项进行逐个分析取舍了。A项意为“作者认为许多人读的书都太少”,显然与我 们的分析不符。B项意为“作者认为读者仅仅从书中汲取了部分知识。”这句话只是引文部 分的字面含义,所以也应排除。再看C项作者认为许多人对某类书应该包含什么样的内容没 有正确的观念。这才是作者的隐含意思,所以是正确的。而D项“作者认为许多读者对大量 的书都不能读懂。”这也是一种错误的理解,也应排除。这样就可确定选项为C。

  22.答案D。此题只能用排除法,去掉与文章细节不符的选 项。选项A意为“读者在阅读时应该能发现一些错误。”文章中没有此细节,可排除。B项“一本书越难读,从中得到知 识也越多。”也与文意无关。再看C项“阅读比观看容易。”根据文章第二段第四句最后一分句可知这正与作者的观点相反,故也排除。最后只剩下D项,应为正确答案。而其内容“读者在阅读时应和作者保持一致。”正是作者的观点,无疑正确。

  23.答案B。先看上文:作家想把素材安排得像一座完整的大房,使之具体化。接下来就是含有“impalpable”一句。句首用“but”引导,有转折含义。所以此单词意义可能与“具体”相对。再看下文,阅读比观看更复杂和费时。这样,该词的含义就可以基本确定了,应该是“非常抽象难以捉摸的”之类的意思。(这里与”砖头”相比,更加强了这一点)据此可 排除A、D项。C项意为“微妙”,意近。但B项恰好意为“难以捉摸的”,更与生词含义接近 ,所以应选B。此题目C项干扰性较大,注意要避免匆忙选择,而功亏一篑。

  24.答案B。解答此题关键在于先弄清文章的主旨和大意。 在此基础上就可进行选弃了。此短文主要讲“何为正确的读书方法”。据此,A项“阅读的重要性”,C项“如何从书中获 取最多的信息”,D项“一本好书的特征”,均不能选。而B项“何为正确的读书方法”,正与我们的分析不谋而合,所以B为正确答案无疑。

  25.答案B。答案可从文章最后一句获得。解答此类题的关 键就是找到并正确理解有关细节。根据最后一句可知“作家构思的获得是通过瞬间的感悟。”可确定:B项为正确答案。

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