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2019年全国英语等级考试二级阅读理解强化练习(5)

中华考试网   2019-08-13   【

  Minimalism (简约主义) is a term that describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is reduced to its most basic features.

  As for me, minimalism functions well not in art or design, but in my daily life.

  When I was packing for university, I found it extremely difficult to let go of some of the things I owned. I knew I couldn’t take everything with me, but I kept asking myself “how could I possibly throw this away?”, “what if I need it one day?”, and “what about all of the memories?” Now that I’ve moved, and left that stuff behind, I don’t even miss it. Whether or not I got rid of it, it barely makes a bit of difference to me now.

  I’ve learned that over time people forget, or their need for a particular object eventually disappears. Either they store it away or they get rid of it.

  You might think nostalgically(怀旧的) about the toys you cared about when you were a child, but what is making you smile now is not the thing itself but the memory of it. I’ve heard it a hundred times, “you don’t need things to make you happy.” It takes something life-changing like moving across the country to realize how true this is.

  Speaking of which, for a lot of people, minimalism is about able to move. It’s about being able to go almost anywhere at any time because you don’t have many possessions to carry. When you keep things you don’t need they become a burden that ties you to a place. Moving to university was a good time to let go of a lot of stuff. And when I visit for the holidays, I’ll probably get rid of even more, to lighten the burden.

  Of course there are exceptions. There are some things that are irreplaceable, very rare or expensive or we simply love and cherish for some reason or another, since we are humans. But after we keep those, how much is left that we don’t really need?

  Hence, minimalism. And why does minimalism bring happiness? That was a bit of a roundabout way of saying that, it’s because what really makes me happy is freedom. And the key to freedom is minimalism because minimalism reduces our attachment to things.

  Attachment to too many objects creates a great mess and can severely hold back our freedom to do whatever we want, while minimalism helps us start new projects, move, travel, learn new things, work, expand, be debt-free, be healthy – really living life to our full potential.

  I left the nest to fly onwards and upwards, I can’t do it with old things weighing me down. And that is why I have adopted minimalism with open arms.

  72. In paragraph l, the writer gives the definition of minimalism to .

  A. introduce a topic B. present his own background

  C. describe a scene D. offer an argument

  73. Many people don’t want to let go of some of their belongings because .

  A. they haven’t had any life-changing experiences

  B. they fear their memories will be gone with the thrown-away stuff

  C. they hope to live life to their full potential by storing things away

  D. they may have to change their lifestyle because of the loss of them

  74. Which of the following is NOT the reason why the writer favors “minimalism” in life?

  A. It takes the burden off her while she is moving.

  B. It reduces her attachment to her personal things.

  C. It enables her to gain the freedom that she desires.

  D. It helps her to realize how true life is.

  75. What’s the main idea of the passage?

  A. Minimalism brings happiness.

  B. Minimalism is applied in many fields.

  C. Minimalism makes people think nostalgically.

  D. Minimalism is about able to move.

  【答案】72-75 ABDA

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