Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission(录取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
In 1849, after graduation from medical school. she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon(外科医师) , but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.
Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.
1. Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
A. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school B. She decided to further her education in Paris
C. A serious eye problem stopped her D. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States
2. What main obstacle(障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?
A. She was a woman. B. She wrote too many letters.
C. She couldn’t graduate from medical school. D. She couldn’t set up her hospital.
3. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?
A. Eight years B. Ten years C. Nineteen years D. Thirty-six years
4. According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blacekwell,
except that she ______.
A. became the first woman physician B. was the first woman doctor
C. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children
D. set up the first medical school for women
5. Eilzabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in _______.
A. England B. Paris C. the United States D. New York City
2. In today’s age of fast travel, the world seems a smaller place---- and to some people, a less exciting place, Fifty years ago only a few English people and holidays abroad, People who didn’t travel thought of other countries as very far away and different. For example, people thought the French all eat garlic(大蒜), the Italians all eat spaghetti(细条实心面). and the Americans all drink Coca Cola, These definite(明确的) ideas of other nationalities are called stereotypes(陈规老套) . But do we have the same stereotypes today? People travel more, we all watch the same TV programmes, and ideas travel quickly too. Nowadays everyone eats garlic and spaghetti and drinks Coca Cola. Everyone listens to the same music. wears the same fashions(流行式样) , buys the same cars. They just do it in a different language!
1. Now the world seems to be exciting.
A. bigger and more B. smaller and more C. smaller and less D. bigger and less
2. Fifty years ago, English people travelled abroad.
A. many B. few C. only some D. a few
3. People thought of other countries as .
A. near and different B. near and the same C. remote and very different D. remote and the same
4. Nowadays, people’s ideas of other nationalities .
A. have changed B. are the same C. are different D. are almost the same
5. We don’t have the same stereotypes because people _______.
A. travel more B. watch the same TV programmes
C. watch different TV programmes D. travel more and watch the same TV programmes
6. The best title for this passage would be .
A. A Big World B. A Small World C. An Exacting World D. An Interesting World