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2020上半年初级商务英语模拟题(四)

来源:中华考试网   2020-05-23【

  (1) Do you like working in a team or on your own?(why?)

  你喜欢在团队与个人合作还是独自工作?

  I like working in a team, as the proverb goes:” Two heads are better than one.” In a team, I can learn from my fellow workers, get help from them when I’m under pressure. And the most important thing is : I can learn to communicate with all sorts of people.

  (2) How important is the central leadership of a team?

  团队的核心领导有多重要?

  It’s very important. You need someone with managerial skills to lead within the team: he is able to see the big picture of the work going on , to engage others, coordinate interpersonal relationship and organize resources effectively.

  (3) Do you prefer to work in small teams or big teams?(why)

  你喜欢在小型团队还是在大型团队中工作?

  I prefer to work in a big team. You see, when you work with more people, you get a chance to listen to different points of view, to learn to see things in different perspectives. It’s also more challenging as you have to coordinate with more people,

  (4) Is it necessary for a team to have regular meetings?

  团队是否有必要定期开会?

  Yes, I think it’s absolutely necessary. Regular meetings can enable team members to keep track of work progress and it’s a means of considering information and making collective decisions.

  PART TWO: Mini-presentation

  What’s important when…?

  Evaluating the success of teamwork 衡量团队成功与否需要考虑哪些要点?

  l Mutual trust 相互信任

  l Full co-operation 通力合作

  Mutual trust is the first secret of successful teamwork. When members share a trusting relationship, they will feel free to express their views, understand each other’s capabilities and limitations, and communicate with each other timely. This helps to bring out the potentials, experience and creativity of the individual and create good work environment.

  Full co-operation among team members has a direct impact on the success or failure of the team. When team members develop a strong awareness of cooperation, they would make collective efforts to achieve the common objectives and ensure a higher level of quality and workmanship.

  On top of that, timely communication and decision making will also help to improve work efficiency.

  相互信任是团队合作成功的秘密之一,当团队成员建立相互信任的关系,他们就可以毫无束缚的表达自己的观点,相互了解对方的能力和缺点,而且可以及时相互沟通。这将有助于激发个人潜力、经验、和创造力并且可以营造良好的工作环境。

  团队成员的通力合作也对会直接影响团队成功的失败。当团队成员有强烈的合作意识,他们将会共同努力达到共同的目标。并确保高水平的质量及工艺。

  除此之外,及时的沟通和做决定也将帮助改善工作效率。

  PART THREE: Discussion

  Teamwork

  Your company is offering a brief training programme on team building for line managers. You have been asked to help plan the programme. Discuss the situation together, and decide:

  l what issues should the programme focus on

  l what kind of activities should be included

  团队合作

  你们公司正在考虑为部门经理提供关于团队建设的短期培训课程。请你们协助策划这一课程。讨论并决定:

  l 该培训课程应集中在哪些问题上

  l 应包含哪些活动

  A: Well, I think it’s a good idea that our company is planning to offer a training programme on team building for all line managers.

  B:Yes. We need to work out the focus of this programme.

  A: In my opinion, we should , first of all, focus on issues like how to form an effective team and how to improve communication within the team. These are the most important things we need to consider when holding a training programme.

  B: Yes, I quite agree with you. Understanding these issues is the pre-requisite of successful team-building. Besides that, how to nurture team dynamics should be another focus of our training programme, I mean, analyse and encourage the dynamics that drive team success and minimize the factors that inhibit the healthy functioning of the team.

  A: Yes, only when all team members are motivated, and they give good performance in work.

  B: So we can include in our programme, the activities that help to promote team spirit, activities that help develop employee motivation and improve communication.

  A: Well, we can provide team building games, and outdoor activities that liven up the training sessions.

  B: I’m quite with you here. We can organize outdoor adventures like rafting, sailing and rock climbing. These events serve to increase personal awareness of abilities and complementary skills in your teammates.

  A: it’s a very good idea. These exciting activities not only encourage team participation, problem soving and revitalize morale, they also add some fun and variation to our programme.

  B: And in fulfilling their potentials, everyone in the team learns to understand other people’s capacities and learns to appreciate the impact of their traits on team dynamics.

  A: Yes, mutual understanding and mutual trust are indispensable to effective team building.

  A:我觉得公司计划为所有部门经理提供团队建设的培训课程真是个好主意。

  B:是的,我们需要想出此次活动的重点。

  A:我的观点是,我们首先应该把重点放在如何组建一个有效率的团队和如何改善团队关系的方面。当我们举办培训课程时,这些是我们需要考虑的最重要的事情。

  B:是的,我非常同意你的看法。成功的团队建设前提就是了解你所说的这些问题。除此之外,怎样激发团队活力应该是我们培训课程的另一个需要重视的方面,我的意思是,分析和鼓励团队成功的动力,使抑制团队良性运作的因素减少到最小。

  A:是的,只有当所有团队成员都充满动力,他们在工作中才会表现出好的成绩。

  B:因此我们应该将能帮助发扬团队合作精神、帮助发展员工积极性和提高沟通的活动包括在我们的课程中。

  A:是的,我们可以提供团队建设的游戏,和户外活动让培训课程充满活力。

  B:我同意你的看法。我们可以组织像漂流、航海和攀岩等户外探险。这些项目帮助增强个人意识的能力和与队友互补的技能。

  A: 这是个好主意。这些激动人心的活动不仅可以鼓励队员、解决问题和重振士气。也可以为我们的课程增加乐趣和使其多样化。

  B:为了挖掘他们的潜力,团队中每个人学会去了解其他人的能力以及学会去欣赏他们对团队动力影响的特质。

  A:是的,相互了解和相互信任对于有效的团队建设是必不可少的。

  (1) What are the characteristics of a good team?

  一个良好的团队有哪些特点?

  Characteristics like mutual trust, co-operation, commitment, openness of expression among team members are essential to a good team. Besides, a team should also be clear about the common goals they aim to attain.

  (2) What might be the disadvantages of working in a team environment?

  在团队中工作有哪些不利因素?

  Sometimes, team membership requires you to give up some individuality in order for the team to function as a whole. Sometimes you feel your own contribution to the team cannot be measured, so you work less than you would individually.

  (3) Would you like to take part in a programme for developing teamwork?(Why)

  你是否愿意参加团队发展的培训课程?

  Yes, of course. It offers me opportunities to develop better interpersonal communication skills, and these are essential in my business career.

  (4) How might a company measure the success of a training programme?

  公司应该怎样衡量培训课程的成败?

  To evaluate the impact of a training programme, we can see if the training has helped to address the issues in the work, to see if there’s any improvement in the work performance of the staff and if it encourages creative innovation and teamwork.

  (5) Do you think a company will always benefit from staff training?(Why?/Why not?)

  你是否认为公司总是可以从员工培训中有所获益?

  I think a company can benefit much from staff training. Through training, employees will have a better understanding of their work objectives, have greater commitment in their work, and acquire practical working skills.

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