US Signs Global Tobacco Treaty
1 The United States has taken the first step toward approving a globaltobacco treaty that promises to help control the deadly effects of tobacco usethroughout the world. Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson signedthe Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) this week at the UnitedNations. (46)
2 The FCTC was developed by the World Health Organization and approved bymembers of the World Health Assembly，includingthe United States，last year. (47)
3 For instance, cigarettes sold in those countries would have to havehealth warnings on at least 30% of the front and back of every pack. (48)Italso requires bans on tobacco advertising, though there are some exceptions forcountries like the United States, where the Constitution prohibits such anoutright ban.
4 (49) The World Health Organization estimates that tobacco use killsnearly 5 million people worldwide every year. In the US alone, about 440,000people die each year from tobacco-related illnesses; about one-third of allcancers in the US are caused by tobacco use. If current trends continue, WHOestimates, by 2025 tobacco will kill 10 million people each year.
5 The treaty must be ratified by at least 40 countries before it can takeeffect. (50)
A Tobacco stocks also perked up as investions discouried fears ** of fromthe US.
B So far，109 countries have signed it, and 12 have ratified it.
C The impact of the treaty could be huge.
D Countries that ratify it would be required to enact strict tobaccocontrol policies.
E The treaty calls for higher tobacco taxes, restrictions on smoking inpublic places, and more promotion of tobacco prevention and cessation programs.
F TheSenate must still approve the treaty before the US can implement itsprovisions.