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2017职称英语《综合B》阅读判断模拟试题精选(3)

中华考试网   2017-08-29   【

  Kicking the Habit

  What is a bad habit? The most definition is that it is something that we do regularly, almost without thinking about it, and which has some sort of negative consequence. This consequence could affect those around us, or it could affect us personally. Those who deny having bad habits are probably lying. Bad habits are part of what makes us human.

  Many early habits, like sucking out thumb, are broken when we are very young. We are either told to stop doing it by our parents, or we consciously or subconsciously observe that others do not have the same habit, and we gradually grow out of it. It is when we intentionally or unintentionally pick up new habits in our later childhood or early adulthood that it becomes a problem. Unless we can break that habit early on, it becomes a part of our life, and becomes "programmed" into our brain.

  A recent study of human memory suggests that no matter how hard we try to change out habits,it is the old ways that tend to win, especially in situations where we are rushed, stressed or overworked. Habits that we thought we had got rid of can suddenly come back. During the study program, the researchers showed a group of volunteers several pictures, and gave them words to associate with them. They then showed the volunteers the same picture again, and gave them new words to associate with them.

  A few days later, the volunteers were given a test. The researchers showed them the pictures,and told them to respond with one of the words they had been given for each one. It came as no surprise that their answers were split between the first set of words and second. Two weeks later,they were given the same test again. This time, most of them only gave the first set of words. They appeared to have completely forgotten the second set.

  The study confirms that theresponses we learn first are those that remain strongest over time.

  We may try to change out ways, but after a while, the response that comes to mind first is usually the first one we learned. The more that response is used, the more automatic it becomes and the harder it becomes to respond in any other way.

  The study therefore suggests that over time, our bad habits also become automatic, learned behavior. This is not good news for people who pick up bad habits early in life and now want to change or break them. Even when we try to put new, good intentions into practice, those previous learned habits remain stronger in more automatic, unconscious forms of memory.

  16. Boys usually develop bad habits when they are very young.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  17. We can only break bad habits if others tell us to do.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  18. Bad habits may return when we are under pressure.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  19. Researchers were surprised by the answer that the volunteers gave in the first test.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  20. The volunteers found the test more difficult when they did it the second time.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  21. The study suggests that it is more difficult to respond what to get rid of.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  22. If we develop bad habits early in life, they are harder to get rid of.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

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