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2017年理工类职称英语B级概括大意练习(5)

中华考试网   2017-08-25   【

  概括大意与完成句子(第23-30题,每题1分,共8分)

  下面的短文有2项测试任务:(1)第23-26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1—4段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27—30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

  Washoe Learned American Sign Language

  1  An animal that influenced scientific thought has died. A chimpanzee(大猩猩) named Washoe and born in Africa died of natural causes late month at the age of 42 at a research center in the American state of Washington. Washoe had become known in the scientific community and around the world for her ability to use American Sign Language. She was said to be the first non-human to learn a human language. Her skills also led to debate about primates and their ability to understand language.

  2  Research scientists Allen and Beatrix Gardner began teaching Washoe sign language in 1966. In 1969, the Gardners described Washoe’s progress in a scientific report. The people who experimented with Washoe said she grew to understand about 250 words. For example, Washoe made signs to communicate when it was time to eat. She could request foods like apples and bananas. She also asked questions like, “Who is coming to play?” Once the news about Washoe spread, many language scientists began studies of their own into this new and exciting area of research. The whole direction of primate research changed.

  3  However, critics argued Washoe only learned to repeat sign language movements from watching her teachers. They said she had never developed true language skills. Even now, there are some researchers who suggest that primates learn sign language only by memory, and perform the signs only for prizes. Yet Washoe’s keepers disagree. Roger Fouts is a former student of the Gardners. He took Washoe to a research center in Ellensburg, Washington. There, Washoe taught sign language to three younger chimpanzees, which are still alive.

  4  Scientists like private researcher Jane Goodall believe Washoe provided new information about the mental workings of chimpanzees. Today, there are not as many scientists studying language skills with chimps. Part of the reason is that this kind of research takes a very long time.

  5  Debate continues about chimps’ understanding of human communication. Yet, one thing is sure---Washoe changed popular ideals about the possibilities of animal intelligence.

  23.Paragraph 1______

  A.  Reason Why Not Many Scientists Carry out This Research Nowadays

  B.  Report about Washoe’s Progress in Learning Sign Language

  C.  General Information about Washoe

  D.  The Gardeners’ Contributions Recognized

  E.  Debate on chimps’ Intelligence

  F.  Washoe’s Love for three Young Chimps

  24. Paragraph 2______

  A.  Reason Why Not Many Scientists Carry out This Research Nowadays

  B.  Report about Washoe’s Progress in Learning Sign Language

  C.  General Information about Washoe

  D.  The Gardeners’ Contributions Recognized

  E.  Debate on chimps’ Intelligence

  F.  Washoe’s Love for three Young Chimps

  25. Paragraph 3______

  A.  Reason Why Not Many Scientists Carry out This Research Nowadays

  B.  Report about Washoe’s Progress in Learning Sign Language

  C.  General Information about Washoe

  D.  The Gardeners’ Contributions Recognized

  E.  Debate on chimps’ Intelligence

  F.  Washoe’s Love for three Young Chimps

  26. Paragraph 4______

  A.  Reason Why Not Many Scientists Carry out This Research Nowadays

  B.  Report about Washoe’s Progress in Learning Sign Language

  C.  General Information about Washoe

  D.  The Gardeners’ Contributions Recognized

  E.  Debate on chimps’ Intelligence

  F.  Washoe’s Love for three Young Chimps

 

  27.  Washoe could make signs to communicate_____.

  A. if the Gardeners’ argument was sound

  B. because she was cleverer than chimps

  C. when she wanted to eat

  D. while she was at a research center in Ellensburg

  E. because she could use sign language to ask for fruits

  F. while Washoe was learning sign language

  28.  Some scientists doubted_____.

  A. if the Gardeners’ argument was sound

  B. because she was cleverer than chimps

  C. when she wanted to eat

  D. while she was at a research center in Ellensburg

  E. because she could use sign language to ask for fruits

  F. while Washoe was learning sign language

  29.  Washoe taught three younger chimps sign language_____.

  A. if the Gardeners’ argument was sound

  B. because she was cleverer than chimps

  C. when she wanted to eat

  D. while she was at a research center in Ellensburg

  E. because she could use sign language to ask for fruits

  F. while Washoe was learning sign language

  30.  The experimenters thought Washoe was intelligent_____.

  A. if the Gardeners’ argument was sound

  B. because she was cleverer than chimps

  C. when she wanted to eat

  D. while she was at a research center in Ellensburg

  E. because she could use sign language to ask for fruits

  F. while Washoe was learning sign language

  参考答案:

  23. C 24. B 25. E 26. A 27. C 28. A 29. D 30. E

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