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2017年托福考试写作范文素材:参观博物馆

   2017-08-11   【

2017年托福考试写作范文素材:参观博物馆

  1、Museums make you feel good 博物馆让你更开心

  Times are tight in this economic climate, and it’s often easy to use a museum admission price as an excuse to stay at home. However, a recent studyconducted by Harris Interactive finds that people are happier when they spend money on experiences rather than material purchases. According to Leaf Van Boven, an Assistant Professor of Psychology at CU-Boulder, experiences are shown to create more happiness than material goods because they provide positive personal reinterpretations over time. That is, as we revisit the memory of our trip to the museum, we have a tendency to psychologically weed out any negative memories (should there be any). Experiences, such as visiting a museum, can also become a meaningful part of one's identity and contribute to successful social relationships in a manner that material items cannot. So consider foregoing an outing for items that you may not need; going to the museum will make you happier in the long run.

  2、Museums make you smarter 博物馆让你更聪明

  There is no doubt that a primary role of museums is to engage and educate the community. Museum exhibits inspire interest in an area of study, item, time period, or an idea– but there’s more going on in museums in regard to education than one might think. Schools rely heavily on museums toenhance the their curriculum. The New York Museum Education Act, for example, aims to create a partnership between schools and cultural institutions to prepare students for the 21st century. Galleries are becoming classrooms, and not just for kids. Even the museums themselves have interesting historiesto inspire and educate visitors. It becomes nearly impossible to exit a museum without having gained any information or insight during your visit.

  3、Museums provide an effective way of learning 非常有效的学习方式

  Museums are examples of informal learning environments, which means theyare devoted primarily to informal education — a lifelong process whereby individuals acquire attitudes, values, skills and knowledge from daily experience and the educative influences and resources in his or her environment. Even outside of museums, informal learning plays a pivotal role in how we take in the world around us. In fact, The U.S. Department of Labor estimates 70% or more of work-related learning occurs outside formal training. A single visit to a museum can expose visitors to in-depth information on a subject, and the nature of the museum environment is one in which you can spend as much or as little time as you like exploring exhibits. The environment allows you to form your own unique experiences and take away information that interests you. Despite the success that museums have already had in educating visitors, there continue to be ongoing discussionsamong institutions in regard to increasing museums’ ability to connect through informal learning.

  4、Museums are community centers 博物馆是社区的中心

  Museums are a lot more than collections of artifacts; they allow you to meet with neighbors, discuss thoughts and opinions, and become an active part of the community. There have been yoga classes at MoMA and Rock Band Summer Camps at the Experience Music Project. Museums are increasinglyholding art chats, book signings, professional development classes, and even wine festivals and farmer’s markets. Something is going on everywhere– just pull up the web page of a local museum and see what they have to offer!

  5、Museums inspire 博物馆给你灵感

  Museums provide inspiration through personal connections with visitors, and not only on-site and through physical community outreach efforts; some even manage to connect through their social networks. These kinds of personal memories created at museums do not expire.

  6、Museums help bring change and development to communities 博物馆带来社区的改变和发展

  Research has uncovered that creating community involvement is more about location than the activity at hand, and this kind of location-based learning (like the kind utilized in museums) is a trigger for change and development within the community. As museums are functioning more and more like community centers in providing access to current research and new ideas, they’ve become hot-spots for civic engagement. In museums, even (in some cases, especially) children are actively asked to take part in their communities.The promotion of education and the cultivation of conversation that are taking place in museums across the nation shapes and strengthens our neighborhoods.

  7、Museums are a great way to spend time with friends and family 陪家人和朋友的好方式

  Museums provide a great excuse to spend time with friends and family in a positive way. Personal connections can be made with museums and also with family members during visits. A day at the museum often translates to a day spent with loved ones as fathers and mothers transform into tour guides, and the environment provides a shared learning experience.

  8、A museum may be your next community partner or business endeavor. 博物馆是你下一个社区伙伴和商业的尝试

  It takes a lot of employees to help run America’s approximately 17,500 museums and it takes countless businesses and community partners to keep them functioning. Museums need everything from printing services, to video surveillance, to dino-glue– and they are inextricably woven into the web of American government and businesses. If you are not a direct business provider for a museum, you can get some great PR and possibly borrow an artifact or two for a big meeting if you are willing to contribute a monetary gift to a museum. Alternatively, you can follow the lead of these entrepreneurs who are creating their own museums. Or, at the very least, business men and entrepreneurs can trace the development of the National Museum of Entrepreneurship in Denver, and perhaps pay them a visit within the next few years.

  重点搭配和句子摘抄

  in this economic climate:在这样的经济环境下

  use xxx as an excuse to:使用xxx作为借口

  a recent study conducted by:最近由xxx做的一项研究

  People are happier when they spend money on experiences rather than material purchases.

  人们把钱花在体验上比花在物质上更幸福。

  According to:根据

  Experiences are shown to create more happiness than material goods because they provide positive personal reinterpretations over time.

  经验比物质创造更多的幸福,因为他们提供积极的个人解读。

  As we revisit the memory of our trip to the museum, we have a tendency to psychologically weed out any negative memories.

  当我们重新审视我们去博物馆的记忆,我们有一种倾向, 也就是心理上剔除任何负面的记忆。

  become a meaningful part of one's identity:成为一个人的身份的有意义的一部分

  contribute to successful social relationships:有助于成功的社会关系

  make you happier in the long run:从长远来看让你更快乐

  There is no doubt that a primary role of museums is to engage and educatethe community:

  毫无疑问,一个博物馆的主要作用是参与和教育社区。

  inspire interest:激发兴趣

  in regard to:关于

  rely heavily on:严重依赖于

  enhance the their curriculum:提高他们的课程

  aims to create a partnership between schools and cultural institutions to prepare students for the 21st century:

  为21世纪培养学生,旨在创造学校和文化机构的关系

  to inspire and educate visitors:激励和教育游客

  It becomes nearly impossible to exit a museum without having gained any information or insight during your visit.

  不可能在离开博物馆的时候,在参观期间没有获得的任何信息或见解。

  examples of informal learning environments:

  非正式学习环境的例子

  are devoted primarily to informal education:主要致力于非正规教育

  acquire attitudes, values, skills and knowledge from daily experience and the educative influences and resources in his or her environment:

  从日常经验、教育的影响中和他或她的环境和资源中获得态度、价值观、技能和知识

  informal learning plays a pivotal role in how we take in the world around us:非正式学习在我们如何看待周围的世界上扮演关键的角色

  70% or more of work-related learning occurs outside formal training.

  70%或更多的与工作相关的学习常见于外部正式训练。

  A single visit to a museum can expose visitors to in-depth information on a subject.

  参观博物馆可以让游客暴露于关于一个主题的深入信息。

  form your own unique experiences :形成自己独特的经验

  are a lot more than collections of artifacts:不仅仅是文物的集合

  meet with neighbors:跟邻居见面

  discuss thoughts and opinions:讨论想法和意见

  become an active part of the community:并成为一个活跃的社区的一部分

  yoga classes:瑜伽课程

  holding art chats, book signings, professional development classes, and even wine festivals and farmer’s markets:

  举办艺术谈话, 书本签约,专业发展课程,甚至葡萄酒日和农贸市场:

  provide inspiration:提供灵感

  on-site and through physical community outreach efforts:

  现场、通过物理社区的外联工作

  connect through their social networks:通过他们的社交网络(跟别人)建立关系

  Research has uncovered that:研究发现,

  community involvement:社区参与

  This kind of location-based learning (like the kind utilized in museums) is a trigger for change and development within the community.

  这种定位学习(像用于博物馆的那种)可以触发社区内的变化和发展。

  are functioning more and more like:功能越来越像

  providing access:提供

  become hot-spots for civic engagement:成为公民参与的“热点”

  The promotion of education and the cultivation of conversation that are taking place in museums across the nation shapes and strengthens our neighborhoods.

  发生在全国博物馆的关于教育的促进和对话的培养塑造并加强了我们的社区。

  provide a great excuse to:提供一个冠冕堂皇的理由

  Personal connections:人际关系:

  countless businesses and community partners:无数企业和社区合作伙伴

  keep them functioning:保持它们良好运营

  printing services, video surveillance:印刷服务,视频监控

  are woven into:交织在

  borrow an artifact or two for a big meeting:为一个盛大的会议借一件或两件文物

  are willing to contribute a monetary gift to a museum:

  愿意为一个博物馆贡献一个金钱的礼物。

  Alternatively:另外

  business men and entrepreneurs:商人和企业家

纠错评论责编:examwkk
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