当前位置:中华考试网 >> 托福考试 >> 托福辅导 >> 托福阅读 >> 2017年托福阅读素材:虚拟现实法治疗抑郁症

2017年托福阅读素材:虚拟现实法治疗抑郁症

   2017-10-20   【

2017年托福阅读素材:虚拟现实法治疗抑郁症

  阿凡达疗法,是科学家受阿凡达的“化身”技术启发,将虚拟现实用在抑郁症治疗上的一种新型技术。技术的关键是让患者把一个虚拟的自己当成自己的“化身”,让虚拟成人安慰自己,从而摆脱抑郁症的困扰。

  Patients wore a virtual reality headset to see fromthe perspective of a life-size 'avatar' or virtual body. Seeing this virtual body in a mirror moving in thesame way as their own body typically produces theillusion that this is their own body. This is called'embodiment'.

  患者头戴一个虚拟现实头盔后, 可看到一个与自己大小一样并动作同步的虚拟形象,会把这个形象看做自己的“化身”,以他/她的视角来看待外物。

  While embodied in an adult avatar, participants were trained to express compassiontowards a distressed virtual child.

  在“化身”为成人阿凡达后,。研究人员让患者通过这个“化身”安慰一个虚拟出来的悲伤男孩,

  As they talked to the child it appeared to gradually stop crying and respond positively tothe compassion.

  在患者与这名男孩交谈后,男孩逐渐不再哭泣,对安慰作出积极回应。

  After a few minutes the patients were embodied in the virtual child and saw the adultavatar deliver their own compassionate words and gestures to them.

  几分钟后,研究人员让患者把这个虚拟男孩当做自己的“化身”,让虚拟成人安慰虚拟男孩。

  This brief eight-minute scenario was repeated three times at weekly intervals, and patientswere followed up a month later. Of the 15 participants, nine reported reduced depressivesymptoms a month after the therapy.

  这个过程持续8分钟,每星期重复3次。一个月后,9名患者症状减轻,其中4名显著减轻。

  Virtual reality has also previously been used to treat psychological disorders includingphobias and post-traumatic stress disorder, but this research focused on a new applicationfor promoting emotional well-being.

  虚拟现实技术此前已被用于治疗多种心理障碍,如恐惧症、创伤后应激障碍等,但此次研究聚焦于改善患者心理健康这一新领域。

纠错评论责编:examwkk
相关推荐
重点推荐»