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2017托福阅读词汇解析(下)

中华考试网   2017-09-06   【

2017托福阅读词汇解析(下)

  托福词汇的备考一直是考生不可松懈的,但是对于托福词汇大家应该如何进行备考呢?特别是托福阅读考试中,词汇的重要性就更高了,专门有针对题目设置的题目。

  1.extinction

  灭绝

  Many species are in peril of extinction because of our destruction of their natural habitat.

  episode

  2.event

  事件

  A couple of weeks ago, I watched a Sex and the City episode, in which Charlotte, in her never-ending quest to find true love, attends a seminar to teach her how to do just that.

  3.Cambrian

  寒武纪

  To be born during this, the Cambrian Explosion—why, I couldn't imagine a better period, really.

  proliferation

  4.increase

  增殖

  Decrease

  Only in a world verifiably free of nuclear weapons will there be no proliferation.

  5.macroscopic

  肉眼可见的

  So it applies to macroscopic systems that are in equilibrium, and how to go from one equilibrium state to another equilibrium state, and it's entirely empirical in its foundation.

  6.fossil

  化石

  So you have more information in it than almost any fossil you could think of

  7.biodiversity

  生物多样性

  At the same time, farming drives much of the ecological damage humans do: from habitat loss (and decreasing biodiversity) to messing around with the cycle of nitrogen through the environment.

  notable

  8.important

  值得注意的

  If there are any notable inconsistencies or discrepancies, think through how you are going to explain the situation.

  9.mass

  大规模的

  But back to Newton: he discovered that any two objects in the universe attract each other, and that this force is proportional to their mass.

  demise

  10.death

  死亡

  The euro. In spite of all the talk about the euro’s demise, and the problems of Greece and Spain and Italy, the currency is surviving, as is the economic union it represents.

  11.Cretaceous-Tertiary

  白垩纪第三纪

  Usually dinosaurs are considered to be one of the flagship casualties of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary events, and thus the most obvious answer would be – at the end of the Cretaceous.

  12.reptile

  爬行动物

  This small reptile, which measures just 10 centimeters long, can swim through the sand dunes at up to 15 centimeters per second.

  13.terrestrial

  陆地的

  Available via terrestrial signals, satellite and cable, digital broadcasting will herald an explosion in the number of available channels.

  14.ecological niche

  生态区位

  Erectus was on our side of a great divide—with an expanded cranium and an ecological niche defined by the use of tools.

  indefinitely

  15.forever

  无限期地

  Definite

  Assuming the systems keep operating, like I've said, we can command the vehicle from the ground and operate it fine, and remain on orbit indefinitely.

  16.mammal

  哺乳动物

  The problem with that theory is that no other mammal has resorted to this method of cooling down.

  17.flourish

  繁荣

  Here he sees the industry of his native country displayed in a new manner, and traces in their works the embryos of all the arts, sciences, and ingenuity which flourish in Europe.

  myriad

  18.large number

  大量

  That I have been able to attend a grand meeting such as this one, fills my mind with a myriad of thoughts and ideas

  19.bat

  蝙蝠

  Having been suggested by a bat, people invented sonar.

  20.paleontologist

  古生物学家

  This study "provides conclusive genetic evidence for the simultaneous burial of a small nuclear family, " said Louise Humphrey, a paleontologist with the Natural History Museum in London.

  21.abbreviate

  缩写

  I like to abbreviate my name because it's easier for people to remember.

  22.boundary

  分界线

  Compared with the long-standing friendship between the two countries, their boundary dispute is only an issue of a temporary and limited nature.

  23.organism

  生物体

  In any situation, you have a variety of pressures on an organism: What is the atmosphere, is there food available, what is the competition for resources?

  24.mollusk

  无脊椎动物

  Measuring more than 16 inches (407 millimeters), this giant mollusk is the biggest ever found in its subclass--Caudofoveata.

  diverse

  25.varied

  多种多样的

  Same

  But these things come together because of our ability to work with one another and find common purpose no matter how diverse we might be.

  26.planktonic

  浮游生物的

  In some places, though, iron is the limiting nutrient. Adding iron to such places should cause a bloom of planktonic algae, thus sucking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere.

  27.marine

  海洋的

  We know exactly how long this wreck has been under water and how long marine life has been growing on it.

  28.foraminifera

  有孔虫类

  Globs of mud pulled from the trench have yielded an assortment of bacteria, fungi and primitive single-celled organisms called foraminifera

  rebound

  29.reappear

  再出现

  And, if the rebound is real, will it last?

  30.vascular plant

  维管植物

  S. university herbaria and twelfth across the nation. The site provides of the center's introduction , history, staff, publications, Flora of Texas Database and Mexican Vascular Plant Database etc.

  31.fern

  蕨类

  A staple part of the vegetarian dino-diet was probably horsetails, fern-like plants that were abundant in prehistoric swamps and highly nutritious, said the scientists.

  32.club moss

  石松

  Take these supplements: B-complex vitamins, magnesium, CoQ10, alpha-lipoic acid, fish oil or flax seed oil, and herbs like Chinese club moss, ginkgo, and ginsen

  33.horsetail

  马尾草

  The horsetail plant has been called the beauty plant. It clarifies, closes pores, and acts as an exfoliator. Not bad for a plant with such an unfortunate name

  34.conifer

  针叶树

  Furthermore, 1995 marks the first time that highly threatened Chinese plants, like the conifer Cathaya argyrophylla, are being introduced to the West.

  35.gymnosperm

  裸子植物

  From the present results, we considered that tracheary elements that conduct water and mineral in ferns and gymnosperm are tracheids .

  36.angiosperm

  被子植物

  “Early steps of angiosperm-pollinator coevolution.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 105: 240-245.

  37.exothermic

  变温的

  I wish I was an Ion so I could form an exothermic bond with you.

  38.metabolic

  新陈代谢的

  We sleep more deeply when we are young, because we have a high metabolic rate that is greatly reduced during sleep, but also because there are people to protect us.

  39.endotherm

  恒温动物

  When the PEP40 containing higher ethylene content crystallizes isothermally in the temperature range investigated, double melting peaks appear in each endotherm region.

  nevertheless

  40.however

  然而

  Nevertheless, the difference should not be ignored.

  revolutionize

  41change

  彻底改变

  By contrast, if the vaccine were to become cheap enough to be used in the developing world, particularly Africa, it would revolutionize women’s health.

  propose

  42.suggest

  提出

  That is why in this blog post, I would like to propose something to every designer: Why not try to design something every day for one year?

  43.meteorite

  流星

  If the contamination were terrestrial, one could expect equal amounts of the molecules (or less) to be present in the meteorite samples, certainly not more

  44.impact

  碰撞

  I want us to be judged by the impact we have on the health of the people of Africa, and the health of women

  generate

  45.produce

  产生

  From the model, you can generate the DDL, though we have to be careful.

  extensive

  46.widespread

  蔓延的

  His extensive experience in other parts of Asia helped him to overcome cultural barriers.

  envelope

  47.cover

  包裹

  If you fold the letter in two, it will fit into the envelope.

  48.solar radiation

  太阳辐射

  Send a mission to Mercury and you risk frying it with solar radiation or wasting tremendous amounts of fuel to correct against the influence of solar gravity.

  49.photosynthesis

  光合作用

  The belt of vegetation that crosses Africa below the Sahara is very dark because most of the sunlight is absorbed by plants for photosynthesis.

  50.cataclysmic

  灾难性的

  We know that these events are among the most cataclysmic that the sky holds; but we understand only—and approximately—the how, not the why.

  51.iridium

  铱

  This story, though, raises the question of why there is but a single ejecta layer of iridium and shocked quartz in late Cretaceous rocks around the world.

  52.sedimentary

  沉淀的

  Most of the oxygen in our air came from plants whose remains - or those of the animals that fed on them - became entombed in sedimentary rocks.

  53.asteroid

  小行星

  Moving on through the asteroid belt we enter the realms of the gas giant planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, all of which dwarf the Earth.

  54.diameter

  直径

  Package instructions specify the correct depth for each variety, but the best general rule is the old one: seeds should be covered twice the depth of their own diameter.

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