当前位置:中华考试网 >> 托福考试 >> 托福辅导 >> 托福阅读 >> 2017托福阅读词汇解析(上)

2017托福阅读词汇解析(上)

中华考试网   2017-09-06   【

  托福词汇的备考一直是考生不可松懈的,但是对于托福词汇大家应该如何进行备考呢?特别是托福阅读考试中,词汇的重要性就更高了,专门有针对题目设置的题目。

  civilization

  社会文明

  The Sung Dynasty contributed three great inventions to world civilization.

  stimulus

  刺激

  The answer is that yes, I believe that stimulus can have major benefits in our current situation — but these benefits have to be weighed against the costs.

  settled

  安定的

  I mean, do you drink tea at a settled time?

  unleash

  initiate

  发动

  This is just what I do, but the main thing I want you to take away from this is that we always have a choice in whether to unleash fury on someone else or keep ourselves in check.

  culminate

  reach a high point

  达到高潮

  Opponents of the planned set of nuclear reactors vow they will press forward with a mass rally set to culminate in Jaitapur next Monday.

  cultivate

  grow

  种植

  They hope to cultivate a new strain that combines all these merits but does not have the defects.

  prehistorian

  史前学家

  emerge

  appear

  出现

  For centuries, astronomers have recorded when these dark blemishes on the solar surface emerge, only for them to fade away again after a few days, weeks or months

  driven

  forced

  被驱动的

  A red car driven by a girl shot ahead of us.

  decline

  decrease

  减少

  Increase

  The move stopped the pound's decline but failed to bring about a significant rally.

  available

  acquirable

  可得的

  Unavailable

  You have no way to indicate whether this method should or should not also be available to classes outside the JAR

  gurantee

  ensure

  保证

  And gurantee their gratitude will pour out in open expressions of affection for you and the great Movement that you guide

  survival

  生存

  If you are a manager of technology at any level, this is your responsibility as well as a survival necessity.

  primarily

  mainly

  主要地

  This is not primarily the task of arms, though we will defend ourselves and our friends by force of arms when necessary.

  undoubtedly

  certainly

  毋庸置疑地

  While such ways of traveling certainly have their benefits, there are also undoubtedly some disadvantages.

  foraging

  觅食

  Be an Early Bird: The morning chorus just after sunrise is the best time of day to spot spring birds, as that is the time when most birds are singing and foraging

  pastoralism

  畜牧

  Using the methods of social history, the thesis researches on the social changes of the crisscross area of pastoralism and agriculture of Ordos, with focus on Jungar Banner.

  breakthrough

  advance

  突破

  The breakthrough permits direct detection of each nucleotide, allowing an entire gene to be sequenced in about an hour.

  floodplain

  泛滥平原

  It sprawled across thousands of square kilometres of floodplain where the Euphrates and Tigris rivers divided into a network of tributaries meandering and pulsating south to the Arabian sea.

  reliable

  dependable

  可靠的

  Unreliable

  Judged by the ordinary standards,he was reliable.

  additional

  extra

  额外的

  When the general found there were no additional seats on the plane, he bumped a second lieutenant.

  sediment

  沉积物

  That there are not could be explained by the fact that the accumulation of sediment in most rocks is so slow that the two layers are, in effect, superimposed.

  deposit

  存放

  To reach iron-ore deposit,they had to bore through solid rock.

  nutrient

  养分

  We need to ensure that our enduring legacy is not to wipe out the small things that provide us with great benefits such as nutrient recycling and climate regulation

  a plot of

  a piece of

  一小块

  Figure 3 shows a plot of a simple equation.

  sedentary

  nonmigratory

  定栖的

  Migratory

  These kids were classified by the WHO as sedentary, while kids that get at least one hour of exercise five or more days a week were classified as active.

  enhance

  improve

  提高

  The developers should not fear about the learning curve as it would enhance their knowledge.

  plow

  犁

  In 1930, a farmer with a tractor-pulled plow, combine, and truck could do the job in 20 hours.

  susceptible

  易受影响的

  After all, if the government will never allow you to fail due to the problems the public would face, then you cannot be treated like other firms, since you are not susceptible to failure

  maximize

  使增加到最大限度

  Minimize

  From a design perspective, our job is to maximize the value of every visitor, whether they love the content or hate it.

  irrigation

  灌溉

  In the United States, by contrast, 41% goes for agriculture, almost all of it for irrigation.

  hostile

  unfriendly

  敌对的

  Friendly

  But “the hostile part can be mobilized from time to time,” by what he calls “anti-immigrant entrepreneurs.

  provoke

  cause, bring about

  引起

  They were huddled together near a fire. They looked at me with dull eyes, then looked away, as if afraid to provoke me

  oversee

  supervise

  监督

  Moreover, the Treasury is an Executive department, and therefore Congress and the public can more directly oversee how it uses any added authority.

  elite

  精英

  The court is one of the few institutions in which people have to do some elite thinking.

  millennia

  千年

  Being in a city like Paris, where there are buildings that measure their age by the millennia, helps put that brief blink of the eye into perspective.

  anthropologist

  人类学家

  Fisher, a biological anthropologist, says she wrote her latest book because she wanted to uncover the science behind “why you love who you love and perhaps even help people find the one”.

  prowess

  英勇

  And above all, we must stop disparaging digital prowess just because some of us over 40 don't happen to possess it.

  authority

  权威

  They disclaimed the authority of the president.

  assume

  take

  接受

  For this reason, we must assume as little as possible about the use of these operations.

  hereditary

  世袭的

  We know that personality has an hereditary component.

  boundary

  边界

  And when I am on the curve I am on the boundary of the surface, so there is a direction along the surface that is the curve and the other one is pointing into the surface.

  proximity

  接近

  If you live near an event space or major urban center, you can collect parking fees from attendees willing to pay for proximity.

  administrative

  行政的

  This is an administrative name for your convenience and can be anything you wish, but it must be unique in the bus instance.

  cult

  祭拜

  What are we to make of the incredible similarity of Israel's deity and cult to those of her neighbors

  ritual

  仪式的

  Create a ritual to transition from one to the other in the morning so you’ll be prepared mentally to get to work.

  observance

  惯例

  Holiday refers to the day set apart for religious observance or for the commemoration of some extraordinary event or distinguished person .

  livelihood

  job

  生计

  They deprived a large number of the overseas Chinese of their means of livelihood and drove them out of their residences in dire poverty

  artisan

  工匠

  That allowed England to harness the creative potential of its artisan classes in a way that no other country had managed before.

  surrounded

  被…环绕的

  Surrounded heavily by our troops, the enemy were like a fish in the pot.

  imposing

  impressive

  雄伟的

  Not that it is possible to live with children any more than with grown-up people without imposing rules of conduct on them.

  remainder

  the rest

  剩余部分

  I spent the remainder of the afternoon in play.

  precinct

  管辖区

  At the initial stage, an election at a given place/precinct and date -- and perhaps for a specific party ballot -- is data driven by a ballot file.

  ostentatious

  extravagant

  铺张的

  Officials from all of Spain’s big parties are being investigated for corruption, but the PP cases reveal a taste for ostentatious luxury.

  contemporary

  同时代的人

  The ivory Buddha carved by Shen Weizhong, a contemporary Chinese sculptor, is the world's smallest piece of sculpture, its size being just four-fifths that of a grain of rice.

纠错评论责编:examwkk
相关推荐
重点推荐»