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2017托福考试阅读长难句名师分析(8)

   2017-06-16   【

  Scientists try to document as many past El Nino events as possible by piecing together bits of historical evidence, such as sea-surface temperature records, daily observations of atmospheric pressure and rainfall, fisheries’ records from South America, and the writings of Spanish colonists dating back to thefifteenth century. ( TPO43, 48)

  piece v.拼凑,组装

  大家自己先读,不回读,看一遍是否能理解

  Scientists try to document as many past El Nino events as possible (by piecing together bits of historical evidence),(such as sea-surface temperature records, daily observations of atmospheric pressure and rainfall, fisheries’ records from South America, and the writings of Spanish colonists) (dating back to the fifteenth century). (TPO43,48)

  托福阅读长难句分析:

  这个句子的主干是:

  Scientists try to document as many past El Nino events as possible

  修饰一:(by piecing together bits of historical evidence) ,介词短语

  中文:通过拼凑很多小的历史证据

  修饰二:(such as sea-surface temperature records, daily observations of atmospheric pressure and rainfall, fisheries’ records from South America, and the writings of Spanish colonists) ,介词短语

  中文:例如海面温度记录、气压和降水的日常观察,南美洲渔业记录以及西班牙殖民者的作品。

  修饰三:(dating back to the fifteenth century),非谓语动词

  中文:追溯到15世纪

  托福阅读长难句参考翻译:

  科学家们通过拼凑很多小的历史证据,来试图尽可能多地记录过去的厄尔尼诺现象,例如海面温度记录、气压和降水的日常观察,南美洲渔业记录,以及追溯到15世纪的西班牙殖民者的作品。

  这个句子的主要修饰成分就是非谓语动词和介词,大家务必想清楚,每一个修饰成分修饰的是什么,才能看清楚这个句子的结构。

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