quality: The most general one.
characteristic: Quality typical of a particular person and thing, a special and easily recognized quality of sb/sth.
It has may scientific or technical uses.
It implies neutral description in referring to any aspect of something without evaluating its relative importance to the whole.
A useful characteristic of the cat is its ability to catch and kill mice.
(特征) character: The combination of qualities which make a particular person, thing, place, etc.
A tendency not to show emotions is supposed to be part of the British national character.
(性质) nature: The qualities make someone or something different from others.
It indicates the widest range of traits, including emotional, mental and physical qualities.
It is only human nature to like money.
(特征) attribute: A quality belonging to or forming part of the
mature of a person or thing.
The word is positive rather than negative.
Darkness is an attribute of night.
(特性) peculiarity: The quality of being peculiar, strangeness, unusualness.
It shows an unpleasant attribute that is quite noticeable.
One of his peculiarities is that his two eyes are not the same size.
(特色) feature: A typical and noticeable part or quality.
It suggests something positive and specifically
It refers to physical appearance.
A lake is an important feature in this area.
(品质 特性) trait: A particular quality of sb/sth.
It refers to more abstract attributes. Honesty and diligence are the chief traits of his character.
(个性) personality: The whole nature or character of a particular person.
It refers to the whole indefinable emotional coloration that a specific person gives off. He has a strong personality