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2018年公共英语三级阅读模拟试题(十)

中华考试网   2018-08-10   【

2018年公共英语三级阅读模拟试题(十)

  Part B

  Section ⅡUse of English (15 minutes)

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, or D on your ANSWER SHEET 1.

  Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 26 a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the 27 in the reading even if they don't discuss it in class or take an exam. The 28 student is considered to be 29 who is motivated to learn for the sake of 30, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 31 brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 32 for learning the material assigned. When research is 33, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with 34 guidance. It is the 35 responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36 a university library works; they expect students, 37 graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference 38 in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but 39 that their students should not be 40 dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 41 teaching, such as administrative or research work. 42, the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is 43. If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either 44 a professor during office hour 45 make an appointment.

  26. [A] If[B] Although [C] Because [D] Since

  27. [A] suggestion[B] context[C] abstract[D] information

  28. [A] poor[B] ideal[C] average[D] disappointed

  29. [A] such[B] one[C] any[D] some

  30. [A] fun[B] work[C] learning[D] prize

  31. [A] by[B] in[C] for[D] with

  32. [A] criticized[B] innocent[C] responsible[D]dismissed

  33. [A] collected[B] distributed[C] assigned[D] finished

  34. [A] maximum[B] minimum[C] possible[D] practical

  35. [A] student's[B] professor's[C] assistant's[D] librarian's

  36. [A] when[B] what[C] why[D] how

  37. [A] particularly[B] essentially[C] obviously[D] rarely

  38. [A] selections[B] collections[C] sources[D] origins

  39. [A] hate[B] dislike[C] like[D] prefer

  40. [A] too[B] such[C] much[D] more

  41. [A] but[B] except[C] with[D] besides

  42. [A] However[B] Therefore[C] Furthermore[D] Nevertheless

  43. [A] plentiful[B] limited[C] irregular[D] flexible

  44. [A] greet[B] annoy[C] approach[D] attach

  45. [A] or[B] and[C] to[D] but

  参考答案

  Part B

  Section Ⅱ

  26. [A]

  此处if意为“如果”,引导条件状语从句。

  27. [D]

  suggestion意为“建议”,“暗示”,“启发”;context意为“上下文”,“(文章的)前后关系”;abstract意为“摘要”,“概括”;以上三词均与本句意思不相符; information 在此处意为“知识”,全句意为:“指导教师期望学生了解所读材料中所讲的知识,即使他们不做课堂讨论或测验”。

  28. [B]

  ideal 在此处意为“理想的”,“称心如意的”;其余三个词均不符合本句的语义逻辑。

  

  29. [B]

  这是“ one ”用作代词时的一种常见用法。

  类似例子如:He was one who never troubled about his personal comfort.

  He behaves like one who has gone mad.

  30. [C]

  根据上下文只有C符合本句意思;for the sake of意为“为了……之好处”,“

  出于……之兴趣”。

  31. [D]

  “With brief written comments”正好与后面的“Without a grade”相对,意即“附有书面评语却不打分”。

  32. [C]

  be responsible for... 意为“有责任做……”,“对……有责任”,“有义务做……”;其余三项均与本句毫不相干。

  33. [C]

  A、D可以首先排除;assign和distribute均有“分配”之意,但此处assign比distribute更明确地意为“分配/分派(任务、工作给某人)”。

  34. [B]

  根据句义判断,C、D可以首先予以排除;maximum(最大量的,最大限度的)与minimum(最

  小量的,最低程度的)为一对反义词,此处minimum符合逻辑。

  35. [A]

  本文讨论的是有关教与学的问题,与librarian和assistant无关;就教授和学生而言,本文明显地认为学生应当自己去利用图书馆找资料。

  36. [D]

  “how a university library works”意为“大学图书馆是如何运作的”。

  37. [A]

  particularly 此处意为“特别是”,“尤其是”;其余三个词essentially“本质上,基本上”,obviously“明显地,显而易见地”,rarely“难得,很少,极好地”均不符合本句意思。

  38. [C]

  “reference sources”意为“参考书的出处”或“(原始)参考资料”。

  39. [D]

  A、B可以排除,因为这样的情况不太可能;like意为“比较喜欢”,即prefer, choose, 但不能跟宾语从句;prefer意为“较喜欢”,“宁愿”,意即choose rather, like better可跟宾语从句。

  40. [A]

  此处 too 是表示程度的副词,意为“过于,太”。

  41. [D]

  C可以首先排除;besides, except和but均可译成“除了”,但besides与except, but的含义却完全不同:besides意为“in addition to”,“as well as”,意即“除……之外还”;except, but意为“not including”,“but not”,意即“除去……”,“但……不包括,不在内”;本句的意思是:“教授们除了教学工作之外还有其他许多任务”,而不是“教授们有许多其他任务就是不教学”。

  42. [B]

  therefore是副词,意为“为此”,“因此”。

  43. [B]

  根据上下文语义,B为最佳答案。

  44. [C]

  此处 approach 意为“与(某人)接洽或交涉”;其余三个词的意思与本句无关。

  45. [A]

  此处是either... or... 句型的使用,意为“或者…… 或者……”。

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