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2018年公共英语三级语法学习技巧:动名词

中华考试网   2018-04-28   【

2018年公共英语三级语法学习技巧:动名词

  动名词

  动名词在性质上比较单一,只具有名词的功能,因此只能作主语、表语和宾语。下面以3个小题给予阐述。

  经典考题

  1. work means moving a body through a distance by a force.

  A) Did B) Done C) Doing D) Being done

  考点分析

  动名词可以作主语,如:Reading newspapers can increase our knowledge. 当动名词短语作主语时,有时可以用形式主语it 代替,it 放在句首而把实际主语放在句末,但大多限于像“It is no use …”, “Is it no good…”, “It is useless… ”等一些习惯用法中。如:It is no use doing that work.另外,动名词还可以用在There is no …结构中作主语。例如:There is no use calling him at this hour.

  答案:1. C

  经典考题

  2. That young man still denies the fire behind the store.

  A) to start B) having started C) start D) to have started

  3. I have no objection your story again.

  A) to hear B) to hearing C) to having heard D) to have heard

  考点分析

  对动名词作宾语要注意以下考点:

  1)在某些动词后要求用动名词作宾语,不能用不定式,常见的这类动词有:admit, advise, appreciate, avoid, consider, deny ,enjoy, escape, finish, imagine, keep, mind, miss, permit , risk, suggest等。

  2)动名词也可以作介词宾语。如:He went away without telling me .同时,要注意后面跟介词的短语,动词后要求用动名词作宾语,常见的这类动词有:approve of, be capable of, be objected to ,be used to , be accustomed to ,give up, keep on ,look forward to , put off, can’t help等。

  答案:1. B 2.B

纠错评论责编:examwkk
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