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2018年公共英语一级语法讲解:副词

中华考试网   2018-06-13   【

2018年公共英语一级语法讲解:副词

  副词主要用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或其它结构。

  一、副词的位置:

  1) 在动词之前。

  2) 在be动词、助动词之后。

  3) 多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。

  注意:

  a. 大多数方式副词位于句尾,但宾语过长,副词可以提前,以使句子平衡。

  We could see very clearly a strange light ahead of us.

  b. 方式副词well,badly糟、坏,hard等只放在句尾。

  He speaks English well.

  副词的排列顺序:

  1) 时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。

  2) 方式副词,短的在前,长的在后,并用and或but等连词连接。

  Please write slowly and carefully.

  3) 多个不同副词排列:程度+地点+方式+时间副词。

  注意:副词very 可以修饰形容词,但不能修饰动词。

  改错:(错) I very like English. (对) I like English very much.

  注意:副词enough要放在形容词的后面,形容词enough放在名词前后都可。

  I don't know him well enough.

  There is enough food for everyone to eat.

  There is food enough for everyone to eat

  兼有两种形式的副词

  1) close与closely

  close意思是"近"; closely 意思是"仔细地"

  He is sitting close to me. Watch him closely.

  2) late 与lately

  late意思是"晚"; lately 意思是"最近"

  You have come too late. What have you been doing lately?

  3) deep与deeply

  deep意思是"深",表示空间深度;deeply时常表示感情上的深度,"深深地"

  He pushed the stick deep into the mud.

  Even father was deeply moved by the film.

  4) high与highly

  high表示空间高度;highly表示程度,相当于much

  The plane was flying high.  I think highly of your opinion.

  5) wide与widely

  wide表示空间宽度;widely意思是"广泛地","在许多地方"

  He opened the door wide.  English is widely used in the world.

  6) free与freely

  free的意思是"免费";freely 的意思是"无限制地"

  You can eat free in my restaurant whenever you like.

  You may speak freely; say what you like.

纠错评论责编:examwkk
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