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2019年考研英语基础测试题5

中华考试网(www.examw.com)  【 】  [ 2018年4月4日 ]

  PartⅠClose test

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. (10points)

  In the late 1960’s, many people in North America turned their attention to environmental problems, and new steel-and-glass skyscrapers were widely criticized. Ecologists pointing 1 that a cluster of tall buildings in a city often overburdens public transportation and parking lot 2 。

  Skyscrapers are also enormous 3 , and wasters, of electric power. In one recent year, the addition 4 17 million square feet of skyscraper office space in New York City raised the 5 daily demand for electricity by 120,000 kilowatts—enough to 6 the entire city of Albany for a day. Glass-walled skyscraper can be especially 7 . The heat loss (or gain) through a wall of half-inch plate glass is more than ten times 8 through a typical masonry wall filled with insulation board. To lessen the strain 9 heating and air-conditioning equipment, 10 of skyscrapers have begun to use double-glazed panels of glass, and reflective glasses 11 with silver or gold mirror films that reduce 12 as well as heat gain. However, 13 skyscrapers raise the temperature of the surrounding air and 14 neighboring buildings. Skyscrapers put severe pressure on a city’s sanitation 15 , too. If fully occupied, the two World Trade Center towers in New York City would alone generate 2. 25 million gallons of raw sewage each year—as 16 as a city the size of Stamford, Connecticut, which has a 17 of more than 109,000. Skyscrapers also 18 with television reception, block bird flyways, and obstruct air traffic。

  Still, people 19 to build skyscrapers for all the reasons that they have always built them—personal ambition and the 20 of owners to have the largest possible amount of rentable space。

  c1. A. at B. to C. out D. towards

  d 2. A. power B. capacities C. potentials D. capabilities

  c 3. A. savers B. consumers C. losers D. spenders

  c 4. A. of B. in C. to D. at

  d 5. A. point B. top C. summit D. peak

  c 6. A. distribute B. give C. supply D. donate

  d 7. A. thrifty B. economic C. prosperous D. wasteful

  b 8. A. that B. those C. which D. when

  b 9. A. to B. between C. on D. both

  c 10. A. founders B. consumers C. builders D. suppliers

  b 11. A. coated B. filled C. powdered D. stained

  a 12. A. brightness B. light C. glare D. gaze

  a 13. A. glass-walled B. plastic-walled C. concrete-walled D. mirror-walled

  b 14. A. affect B. assist C. protect D. benefit

  c 15. A. decorations B. utensils C. facilities D. appliances

  b 16. A. more B. much C. few D. little

  a 17. A. population B. People C. Mankind D. race

  b 18. A. intervene B. interfere C. interrupt D. obstacle

  c 19. A. stop B. Pause C. Continue D. terminate

  b 20. A. wish B. desire C. secret D. promisPart

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