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2019年考研英语基础试题(7)

中华考试网(www.examw.com)  【 】  [ 2018年7月18日 ]

  Section I Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET.(10points)

  As many people hit middle age, they often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can’t remember 1 we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old acquaintance’s name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brain 2 , we refer to these occurrences as “senior moments.” 3 seemingly innocent ,this loss of mental focus can potentially have a (n) 4 impact on our professional, social, and personal 5 .

  Neuroscientists, experts who study the nervous system, are increasingly showing that there’s actually a lot that can be done. It 6 out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental 7 can significantly improve our basic cognitive 8 . Thinking is essentially a 9 of making connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our ability to 10 in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited. 11 , because these connections are made through effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuate 12 mental effort.

  Now, a new Web-based company has taken it a step 13 and developed the first “brain training program” designed to actually help people improve and regain their mental 14 .

  The Web-based program 15 you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps 16 of your progress and provides detailed feedback 17 your performance and improvement. Most importantly, it 18 modifies and enhances the games you play to 19 on the strengths you are developing—much like a(n) 20 exercise routine requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use.

  1. [A] where [B] when [C] that [D] why

  2. [A] improves [B] fades [C] recovers [D] collapses

  3. [A] If [B] Unless [C] Once [D] While

  4. [A] uneven [B] limited [C] damaging [D] obscure

  5. [A] wellbeing [B] environment [C] relationship [D] outlook

  6. [A] turns [B] finds [C] points [D] figures

  7. [A] roundabouts [B] responses [C] workouts [D] associations

  8. [A] genre [B] functions [C] circumstances [D] criterion

  9. [A] channel [B] condition [C] sequence [D] process

  10. [A] persist [B] believe [C] excel [D] feature

  11. [A] Therefore [B] Moreover [C] Otherwise [D] However

  12. [A] according to [B] regardless of [C] apart from [D] instead of

  13. [A] back [B] further [C] aside [D] around

  14. [A] sharpness [B] stability [C] framework [D] flexibility

  15. [A] forces [B] reminds [C] hurries [D] allows

  16. [A] hold [B] track [C] order [D] pace

  17. [A] to [B] with [C] for [D] on

  18. [A] irregularly [B] habitually [C] constantly [D] unusually

  19. [A] carry [B] put [C] build [D] take

  20. [A] risky [B] effective [C] idle [D] familiar

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

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