Urban Transportation in Canada
Public transportation & Transit passes
All cities and most major towns in Canada have a public transportation system with one or more modes of transportation (bus，subway, train, etc.). The bus is the most common form of urban transportation in Canada. To use public transportation, you must purchase a ticket or a transit pass. Transit passes allow you unlimited use of public transportation for a specific period (one month or more). They are usually cheaper than buying many tickets if you plan to use public transportation often.
Transportation for people with disabilities
Public transportation often has features to assist people with disabilities. In many cities and towns, there are also transportation services available specifically for people with limited mobility, such as specially equipped buses. You can find out about these services in the same way you would learn more about other public transportation options.
Etiquette on public transportation
When taking public transportation such as a bus or train, it is important to understand the unspoken rules of conduct in the shared space. Here are a few things to note:
♦ Be polite and respectful to others around you. For example, maintain an appropriate noise level when talking or making a phone call.
♦ If you are carrying a backpack or a large shoulder bag in a crowded public transit vehicle, keep it close to you, preferably at your feet to avoid hitting people with it as you walk by.
♦ Avoid pushing or touching others in order to make more room for yourself. Sometimes public transit can become very crowded, but it is important to keep calm and give others appropriate personal space.
♦ Have your proof of payment accessible in case you are asked to show it.
21. What is the advantage of using transit passes over buying tickets?
A. Safer trips. B. Longer service hours.
C. Lower costs. D. More use of transport.
22. How does the transportation system help people with disabilities?
A. By running special transport services. B. By offering fewer transportation options.
C. By limiting their mobility on city buses. D. By providing free rides in towns and cities.
23. What is considered impolite on public transportation?
A. Lowering your speaking voice. B. Placing backpacks at your feet.
C. Staying close to other passengers. D. Having your proof of payment at hand.
Today we talk about a time when half the world is waking from the dark, cold winter months. Spring! We often describe “spring” as a time of rebirth, renewal and awakening. Many trees are blossoming and early flowers are pushing through the earth. Things are coming to life!
But the word “spring” is not just a season. It is also a verb that means something going on or coming out quickly. When you put “spring” and “life” together, you will get “spring to life”. This expression means something suddenly becomes very active or perhaps seems more alive! You may “spring to life” after hearing that a distant friend will be visiting you. Or maybe your favorite soccer team finally “sprang to life” in the second half, played well and won the match.
Now, besides being a season and a verb the noun “spring” refers to a metal coil (线圈) that is wound tightly. When the coil unwinds, it often jumps. So, we often say a person “has a spring in his step” if he is lively and active. He might even appear to jump, or bounce a little when he walks.
There is another way we use “spring” as a description. In the case of a “spring chicken”, “spring” means young. However, “spring chicken” is also an informal, humorous way to refer to someone who isn’t young at all. So, we use this expression in the negative form, as in “no spring chicken”. For example, let’s say you know an 85-year-old man who decides to run a marathon, even though he has never exercised before. You could say, “That’s amazing! After all, he’s no spring chicken.”
But be careful when using this expression. It could be a little disrespectful. Let’s say your boss shows you a picture of his wife, and you say, “Wow, she’s no spring chicken.” That response would be disrespectful and a bad career move.
24. What does “spring” mean in the expression “spring to life”?
A. The season after winter. B. Being young and healthy.
C. A tightly wound metal coil. D. To occur or appear quickly.
25. What is the passage mainly about?
A. The origin of the word “spring” B. The meaning of the season “spring”.
C. Some expressions with the word “spring”. D. Some characteristics of the season “spring”.
26. How does someone feel when he “has a spring in his step”?
A. Angry B. Surprised C. Happy D. Frightened
27. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A. Being young is a great advantage in career development.
B. Women may feel offended when described as “no spring chicken”.
C. Using “spring-related” expressions in conversations seems impolite.
D. Expressions with the word “spring” are always disrespectful to others.
More than 90 years has passed since Hollywood’s official film organization first proposed plans to build its own museum. Those plans are finally becoming a reality, with the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures set to open in 2019.
The project is underway at the site of a historic Los Angeles department store built in 1939. Museum officials say visitors will be able to “experience the magic of cinema” by learning about all parts of the film-making process.
Film historian Kerry Brougher has been named directors of the museum. Brougher says the museum will include 12 million photographs and 80,000 screenplays as well as props (道具), costumes and other objects from famous films. The Academy Museum will also feature Oscar statuettes (小雕像) donated by actors who won the awards.
Brougher says the museum is designed to make visitors feel like they are in a movie, too, with many interactive experiences. “You won’t necessarily know what’s coming next,” he adds. “You’ll be in environments sometimes that make you feel like you’ve gone back to the past and that you’re in the area that you’re actually exploring.” He adds that visitors may even get the chance to walk down a red carpet and accept their own Academy Award.
Currently, Hollywood only has a few possibilities for visitors. They can go along the Walk of Fame and visit movie studios or see the Dolby Theater, where the Oscars are presented. But beyond these, movie fans have limited possibilities.
Eric Garcetti, the mayor of Los Angeles says the Academy Museum will provide visitors the chance to experience many different parts of the film industry all in one place. Garcetti notes the museum will also serve the hundreds of thousands of local people working in film-related businesses. He says they, too, will finally be able to visit a place that celebrates their own Hollywood movie industry.
28. When was the idea of building a museum in Hollywood first put forward?
A. In the 1920s. B. In 1939. C. In the 1990s. D. In 2019.
29. What can we learn from Brougher’s words?
A. Photos of visitors will be put on display. B. Settings in the museum will feel quite real
C. Most visitors will be presented an award. D. Actors will donate much money to the museum.
30. What is Eric Garcetti’s attitude towards the Academy Museum?
A. Supportive. B. Critical. C. Disapproving. D. Cautious.
31. What is the best title for the passage?
A. The Film-making Process in Hollywood. B. The Film-making Process of Hollywood.
C. Hollywood Making Plans of Film Museums. D. Hollywood Getting Its Own Film Museum.