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2018年北京高考语法练习试题及答案(5)

中华考试网  2017-10-05  【

  1.(2016·高考全国乙卷语法填空)I was the first Western TV reporter (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild.2.(2016·高考全国乙卷语法填空)My ambassadorial duties will include (introduce) British visitors to the 120­plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research centre in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.3.(2016·高考全国甲卷语法填空)If you find something you love doing outside of the office (bring) your work home.

  4.(2016·高考全国丙卷语法填空)Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal (create) special designs.5.(2016·高考全国丙卷语法填空)The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots (use) twigs (树枝) to remove it.6.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)When a new day breaks (cool)the house during the hot day.

  7.(2015·高考陕西卷短文改错)...I might have to retire 8.(2014·高考陕西卷短文改错)One evening at sunset9.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅰ语法填空)Abercrombie & Kentranges quick getaways here for people (live)in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

  10.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅰ语法填空)A study of travelers (conduct)by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.

  11.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)The adobe dwellings(土坯房) (build)by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even the most modern of architects and engineers.

  12.(2015·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)In addition to their simple beauty (use)electric equipment.

  13.(2014·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)One morning (be)late for school.

  14.(2014·高考全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver (stop)until we reached the next stop.

  15.(2014·高考全国卷Ⅰ语法填空)It took years of work (reduce)the industrial pollution and clean the water.

  答案:1.permitted 2.introducing 3.to bring 4.to create 5.using 6.to cool 7.just后加to 8.have→having

  9.living 10.conducted 11.built 12.using 13.being

  14.to stop 15.to reduce

  1.巧记三种非谓语动词作状语的基本区别(1)若非谓语动词与逻doing);(2)若非谓语动词与逻辑主语之间是被动关系且表完成要想到用过去分词形式(done);(3)若非谓语动词表将来的动作作状语表示目的在喜怒哀乐的形容词后作原因或意料之外的结果等要想到用不定式形式(to do)。2.掌握非谓语动词的句型公式(1)tell/order/persuade/invite/force/warn/encourage/get/ask+sb.to do sth.;(2)“吾看三室两厅一感觉”——五看(look at);三使(make);二听(listen to);一感觉(feel)+sb.+do sth.;(3)It's+名词+to do sth.;(4)It's+形容词+(for/of sb.)+to do sth.;(5)It's no good/use/pleasure doing sth.;(6)It takes sb.+some time+to do sth.;(7)find/think/believe/consider+it++to do sth.。3.牢记用动名词或不定式作宾语的动词(1)习惯上接动词­ing形式作宾语的动词或动词短语主要有:admit等;(2)习惯上接不定式作宾语的动词或动词短语主要有:afford等。

  混淆动词­ing形式和­ed形式动词­ing形式和­ed形式均可用于名词前作定语但有区别:动词­ing形式表示事物给人的某种感觉是指令人感到如何;动词­ed形式表示人对事物的感觉是指人感到如何。动词­ed形式除用于说明人的感觉外也可用于修饰voice等用以表示该名词逻辑主语的感觉。

  Ⅰ.单句语法1.The clubs in Argentina couldn't help him,but the famous Barcelona club in Spain offered (accept)Messi on the junior team and pay for the bills.

  2.(2016·山东济南模拟)One day when Laennec was walking in the park (play)with a see­saw(跷跷板).3.(2016·山东潍坊模拟)One day (contain)50 gold coins.

  4.(2016·山东济南模拟)A US TV show (call)5.(2016·山东济南模拟)In last week's show (run)the school,so he became the headmaster for a day and the headmaster became an eighth grader again!

  6.(2016·山东潍坊模拟)Mr.Cook said the high­end model (make)of 18­karat gold,is worth thousands of dollars.

  7.One problem with Apple Watch is that you need an iPhone on your body,or nearby, (get)this watch to function fully.Like a phone,it also needs to be charged each night.

  8.(2016·江西南昌调研)They were so crunchy and Crum was sure that the man would refuse (eat)them.Instead9.(2016·河南郑州高三诊断)Climate change has caused a rise in sea levels.This has increased the amount of salt in fresh water (use)on coastal farms.10.I had noticed three hens (run)free in my hostess' courtyard and that night one of them ended up in a dish on my table.

  11.We tried our best (climb)out but then I saw that one of my children was (miss).12.(2016·河南罗山高中模拟)Though they did all they could (help)them but times were tough for them.

  13.Mary will never forget the first time she saw him.He suddenly appeared in class one day, (wear)sun glasses.

  14.And Joe,the owner of the bar below me,could always give me a little money to survive on in exchange for (do)a few odd jobs for him.

  15.In the United States,there were 222 people (report)to be billionaires in 2003.

  16.It is an activity (hold)by an American charity organization.

  17.(2016·河南洛阳第二次统考)Thus (include).18.(2016·河北衡水中学模拟)If you hand in your homework late (explain)the reason for the delay.

  19.Messi started playing soccer at the age of 5 for a small soccer team (own)by his father.Even as a young boy,he did very well.

  20. (save)energy,we turn off the lights for Earth Hour on the last Saturday in March.

  答案:1.to accept 2.playing 3.containing 4.called 5.running 6.made 7.to get 8.to eat 9.used 10.running 11.to climb;missing 12.to help 13.wearing 14.doing 15.reported 16.held 17.included 18.explaining 19.owned 20.To save

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