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2017学位英语词汇强化练习及答案(2)

中华考试网(www.examw.com)  收藏本页   【 】  [ 2017年9月29日 ]

  1.Please keep an eye on my luggage, and I'll be back (  ).

  A.in time

  B.in no time

  C.at one time

  D.at a time

  【参考答案】B。本题考查介词短语辨析。in no time“立刻,马上”,可以和过去时、将来时搭配:in time“及时”;at one time“曾经”,用在过去时中;at a time“一次”,表频率。

  2.Lying in hospital, the patient (  )the outside world by watching news programs on TV every day.

  A.kept in touch with

  B.faced up

  C.turned the clock back

  D.slowed down

  【参考答案】A。本题考查动词短语辨析。keep in touch with‘‘与…保持联系”:face up往往和to搭配,表示“勇敢面对”;turn the clock back“把时间调回…”;slow down“慢下来”。

  3.We felt very sad when we heard the news that the (  )manager was killed in his office yesterday.

  A. respectful

  B. respectable

  C. respective

  D. respecting

  【参考答案】B。本题考查同根词辨析。四个词的词根都是respeet,但各有各的含义。respectable“可敬的,值得别人尊敬或尊重的”;respectful“尊重别人的;表示敬意的”;respective“分别的,各自的”;respecting(prep.),“关系,说到”。根据句意,应选respectable。

  4. (  )the fog, we should have reached our destination.

  A.Because of

  B.In spite of

  C.In case of

  D.But for

  【参考答案】D。本题考查虚拟语气的用法。but for+名词/代词,“要不是因为…”,提出与事实相反的假设,相当于一个条件状语从句,所在句子常用虚拟语气。其他的结构都不用虚拟语气。从主句“we should have reached our destination”可判断;该句使用了虚拟语气,所以选D。

  5.The children will have to (  )their play-time hours when school opens.

  A.cut in

  B.cut up

  C.cut on

  D.cut down

  【参考答案】D。本题考查动词短语辨析。cut down“砍倒,削减,减少”;cut in“打断”;cut up“切碎”。

  6.You will never guess whom I (  )on the street yesterday.

  A.ran over

  B.ran out of

  C.ran into

  D.ran up to

  【参考答案】C。本题考查动词短语辨析。run into=run across“偶然遇见…”;run over“(车辆)轧过,压过”;run out of“用完,用光”。

  7.Expected noises are usually more (  )than unexpected ones of the like magnitude.

  A. manageable

  B. controllable

  C. tolerable

  D. perceivable

  【参考答案】D。本题考查形容词辨析。perceivable“可感知的”;manageable“易处理的,易管理的”;controllable“可操纵的,可控制的”;tolerable“可容忍的”。

  8.The government placed (  )on the numbers of foreign cars that could be imported.

  A.limitations

  B. restraint

  C. requirements

  D. restrictions

  【参考答案】D。本题考查名词辨析。limitation“局限性”;restraint“抑制,克制”;requirement“要求;需求”;restriction“限制,约束”。政府能实施的应该是“restriction”。

  9. (  )student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

  A. Each

  B. Either

  C. Any

  D. One

  【参考答案】C。本题考查不定代词的用法。any强调“任何一个”;each“每一个”;either“两者之中任一”;one“一个”。

  10.According to the weather forecast, which is usually (  ), it will snow this afternoon.

  A. accurate

  B. precise

  C. exact

  D. perfect

  【参考答案】A。本题考查形容词辨析。accurate“正确无误的,可以提供正确的读数或度量的”,如an accurate scale精确的天平;precise“精确的,正确的”,如在实行、实施或数量上很准确的,如a precise measurement/a precise instrument精确的测量/精密仪器;exact“确切的,严格的”:perfect“完美的,理想的”。天气预报应属于accurate的范畴。

  11.At first the institute refused to purchase the telescope, but this decision was (  )revised.

  A. occasionally

  B. consequently

  C. successively

  D. subsequently

  【参考答案】D。本题考查副词辨析。subsequently“后来,随后”;0ccasionally“有时,偶尔”;consequently“从而,因此”;successively“接连地,连续地”。

  12.I have taken many photos.I'm going to get the film (  ).

  A.being developed

  B.developing

  C.developed

  D.to be developed

  【参考答案】C。本题考查过去分词的用法。have/get sth.done常表示这个动作是由别人完成的,而不是自己完成的。

  13.Not always (  )they want to.

  A.people can do what

  B.people cannot do what

  C.can people do what

  D.can't people do what

  【参考答案】C。本题考查倒装结构。否定词放在句首时,句子要倒装,这类否定词有:hardly、scarcely、never、not、little等。

  14.I didn't go to the party, but I do wish I (  )there.

  A.were

  B.would be

  C.had been

  D.will be

  【参考答案】C。本题考查虚拟语气的用法。wish后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,本题是与过去的事实相反的愿望,所以用过去完成时。

  15.She is very careful.She (  )very few mistakes in her work.

  A. does

  B. takes

  C. makes

  D.gets

  【参考答案】C。固定搭配。make mistakes犯错误,如:We may have made a mistake in our calculations.我们可能在计算时出了错。

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