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2017年成人高考专升本《英语》提升练习及答案(1)

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  Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题,每小题2分,共40分)

  Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by four comprehension questions. Read the passage and answer the questions. Then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage:

  Testing has replaced teaching in most public schools. My own children’s school week is focused on pretests, drills, tests, and retests. I believe that my daughter Erica, who gets excellent marks, has never read a chapter of any of her school textbooks all the way through. And teachers are often heard to state proudly and openly that they teach to the state test.

  Teaching to the test is a curious phenomenon. Instead of deciding what skills students ought to learn, helping students learn them, and then using some sensible methods of assessment (评估) to discover whether students have mastered the skills, teachers are encouraged to reverse the process. First one looks at a test. Then one draws the skills needed not to master, say, reading, but to do well on the test. Finally, the test skills are taught.

  The ability to read or write or calculate might imply the ability to do reasonably well on standard tests. However, neither reading nor writing develops simply through being taught to take tests. We must be careful to avoid mistaking preparation for a test of a skill with the acquisition of that skill. Too many discussions of basic skills make this fundamental confusion because people are test obsessed rather than concerned with the nature and quality of what is taught.

  Recently many schools have faced with what could be called the crisis of comprehension or, in simple terms, the phenomenon of students with grammar skills still being unable to understand what they read. These students are good at test taking, but they have little or no experience reading or thinking, and talking about what they read. They are taught to be so concerned with grade that they have no time or ease of mind to think about meaning, and reread things if necessary.

  1. What does the writer say about his daughter?

  A、She teaches in a middle school.

  B、She reads many good books.

  C、She does well on tests.

  D、She is proud of her way of learning.

  2. What are students encouraged to do nowadays at school?

  A、To master basic reading skills.

  B、To learn how to deal with tests.

  C、To read well in order to pass tests.

  D、To master all kinds of skills.

  3. Which of the following statements would the writer agree with the most?

  A、The nature and quality of subjects are more important than marks on them.

  B、Teachers should force students to learn to red and write and calculate well.

  C、Good preparation for standard tests is necessary for students.

  D、Most students are clear about how to acquire basic skills.

  4. What do students do when they are test obsessed?

  A、They pay attention only to tests.

  B、They hate tests very much.

  C、They try to avoid rereading things.

  D、They often join in discussion.

  5. What kind of students does the writer dislike most?

  A、Students with poor test marks and without creative thinking.

  B、Students active in thinking yet unable to talk about what they read.

  C、Students who are too well prepared for any test.

  D、Students unable to understand what they read.

  Passage Two

  Questions 66 to 70 are based on the following passage:

  Eye contact is nonverbal (非语言的) technique that helps the speakers “sell” their ideas to an audience. Besides its persuasive powers, eye contact helps hold listeners’ interest. A successful speaker must maintain eye contact with an audience. To have good relation with listeners, a speaker should maintain direct eye contact for at least 75 percent of the time. Some speakers focus only on their notes. Others look over the heads of their listeners. Both are likely to lose audience’s interest and respect. People who maintain eye contact while speaking, whether from a podium or from across the table, are regarded not only as exceptionally friendly by their target but also as more believable and earnest.

  To show the power of eye contact in daily life, we have only to consider how passers-by behave when their glances happen to meet on the street. At one extreme are those people who feel obliged to smile when they make eye contact. At the other extreme are those who feel uncomfortable and immediately look away. To make eye contact, it seems, is to make a certain link with someone.

  Eye contact with an audience also lets a speaker know and monitor (观察) his listeners. It is, in fact, essential to analyze an audience during a speech. Visual feedback (视觉反馈) from the audience can indicate that a speech is boring, that the speaker is talking too much about a particular point, or that a particular point requires further explanation. As we have pointed out, visual feedback from listeners should play an important role in shaping a speech as it is delivered.

  6. What does the writer believe about a speaker’s eye contact?

  A、It makes the speaker closer to his audience.

  B、It makes the audience lose the interest in his speech

  C、It makes the audience frightened of him.

  D、It makes listeners see the speaker more clearly.

  7. What does the word “target” (Para.1) refer to?

  A、Speakers

  B、Listeners

  C、Friends

  D、Objects

  8. Why does the writer give the example of passers-by in Paragraph 2?

  A、To show that people are not comfortable with eye contact from strangers.

  B、To show that strangers can get to know each other easily through eye contact.

  C、To prove the point that people look more friendly with direct eye contact.

  D、To prove the point that eye contact plays a role in social communication.

  9. What does the writer imply about visual feedback in the last paragraph?

  A、It can make the speaker adjust his speech.

  B、It can make the speech more informative.

  C、It may discourage and stop the speaker.

  D、It may cause the speaker make less eye contact.

  10. What is the main point of the passage?

  A、Eye contact is a good way to attract the audience.

  B、It is necessary to maintain direct eye contact with the audience.

  C、Eye contact is important to a successful speech.

  D、A speaker’s eye contact is more important than his notes.

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