中国园林(the Chinese garden)是经过三千多年演变而成的独具一格的园林景观(landscape)。它既包括为皇室成员享乐而建造的大型花园，也包括学者、商人和卸任的政府官员为摆脱嘈杂的外部世界而建造的私家花园。这些花园构成了一种意在表达人与自然之间应有的和谐关系的微缩景观。典型的中国园林四周有围墙，园内有池塘、假山(rockwork)、树木、花草以及各种各样由蜿蜒的小路和走廊连接的建筑。漫步在花园中，人们可以看到一系列精心设计的景观犹如山水画卷(scroll)一般展现在面前。
The Chinese garden has evolved into a kind of unique landscape over the past 3,000 years. It includes both large gardens built as entertainment venues for the members of the royal family, and private gardens built as retreats for scholars, merchants and retired government officials. These gardens have constituted a miniature intended to express the idea that man should live in harmony with nature. A typical Chinese garden is surrounded by walls and consists of various buildings linked by winding trails and corridors, with ponds, rockworks, trees and flowers scattered in it. Wandering in such a garden, people may see a series of well-designed landscapes showing themselves just like a scroll of painting featuring landscapes.