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2018年6月英语六级翻译考试试题:垄断福利

中华考试网   2018-04-09   【

2018年6月英语六级翻译考试试题:垄断福利

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  垄断福利

  垄断福利是指垄断企业和其他依法具有独占地位的经营单位的从业人员及雇员或行政事业单位的干部职工享有过高福利利益的现象。垄断福利加大了行业运行成本,影响行业竞争力;严重损害了社会的公共福利;加剧收入分配不公,影响社会稳定;导致腐败,妨碍社会进步。消除“垄断福利”必须引入竞争机制,规范政府行为,完善法规;加强对“垄断福利”危害性教育。

  参考译文

  Monopoly Welfare

  Monopoly welfare refers to the phenomenon where the professionals and employees of monopoly enterprises and other operation units enjoying exclusive status, or the cadres and employees of public administrative institutions enjoy excess welfare benefits. This increases the cost of industrial operations and thus affects industrial competitiveness; causes serious damage to social public welfare; exacerbates income inequality and thus affects the social stability; leads to corruption and hinders social progress. To eliminate "monopoly welfare", competition mechanisms must be introduced together with regulation of government behaviors and improvement in laws and regulations; besides this, it is also necessary to raise public awareness about the harm of "monopoly welfare".

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