Cai Yuanpei (January 11, 1868 - March 5, 1940), also known as Heqing, is a native of Zhejiang Province who served as the first minister of education of the Republic of China and the president of Peking University from 1916 to 1927. Advocating the novel education mode, he held that education forms the basis of the national prosperity. He also held that education should adopt flexible concepts and become more inclusive, regardless of academic disputes, and absorbs all schools of advanced ideas and merits. As well, he advocated fresh educational concepts such as aesthetic education, fitness education, and personality education. He played a positive role in the absorption of new culture and opposition to feudal culture.