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当前位置:中华考试网 >> 英语四级考试 >> 历年真题 >> 2017年6月英语四级考试答案卷三(完整版)

2017年6月英语四级考试答案卷三(完整版)

   2017-06-17   【

  【题目】

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an advertisement on your campus website to sell some of the course books you used at college. Your advertisement may include a brief description of their content, their condition and price, and your contact information. You should write at least120 words but no more than 180 words. Write your essay on Answer Sheet 1.

  【参考范文】

  Advertisement

  I would like to sell some of the course books I used in college, because I’m going to graduate from college soon. The details of these books are as follows.

  First of all, those books are a set of professional books used by English majors in our school. They are about American literature, including the history of American literature, introduction of American great writers and some excepts from great works like the Old man and the Sea by Hemingway. It was also attached with a CD with some native speakers reading those excepts. What’s more, many graduate schools list this set of books as the reference books, so if you want to apply for a master’s degree, you can use it not only in the class but also for the postgraduate entrance examination. My books are 80% new and are to be sold at half the price of a new set. Don’t miss it!

  If you have any question or want more information, don’t hesitate to contact me. You can call 8654321 or send email to liming@163.com.

  Li Ming

  【参考译文】

  广告

  由于我即将毕业,所以打算将我在大学里用的一些教材卖掉。这些书的详细情况如下:

  首先,这些书是我们学校的英语专业学生使用的一套专业书,是关于美国文学的,书的内容包括美国文学历史,美国伟大作家介绍,以及像海明威一样的一些名著的选段。另外这本书还附带了一套英语母语者朗读选段的光盘。而且,许多研究生学校会把这套书作为参考书,所以如果你以后想要获得硕士学位,你不仅可以在课堂上用这套书也可以在用这套书准备研究生入学考试。最后,我的这套书是八成新的,售价是原价的五折。不要错过哦!

  如果你有任何问题或者需要更多信息,请联系我,你可以拨打8654321或者发送邮件到 liming@163.com。

  李明

  新闻原文1

  Q1:本题答案为B。在听力原文中说到that said, our test driver believed the bus was going to slow or stop to allow us to merge into the traffic, and that there would be sufficient space to do that."

  谷歌的试驾员以为大巴会慢慢停下,就会给自驾车留有足够空间并入车流中。言外之意是事实并非如此,所以试驾员判断错误。

  Q2:本题答案为D。在听力末尾说到,The company's self-driving cars have done well over a million miles across various states in the US, and until now have only reported minor accidents. 无人驾驶车已经运行得非常好的穿越了美国的各大州,直到现在只有少数小事故。由此可见,总体来说做的比较好。

  新闻原文2

  Q3:本题答案为A。听力原文中说到Tom Moses who works at a nearby national par,可知这个人是在附近的国家公园工作。

  Q4:本题答案为B。听力原文中说I have never seen that many bees in one spot. It was very unusual. They were very close together and there was a lot of noise and movements. 我从没见过这么多蜜蜂聚集在一个地方。它们靠得非常近,发出很多噪音。

  新闻原文3

  Q5:本题答案为A。听力原文第一句点出主旨。A new species of snake has been discovered on a remote island in the Bahamas. 可知是发现了一种新的蛇。

  Q6:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到One of the creatures made a dramatic appearance by moving on to the head of the team leader as he slept. 其中一种蛇在这位科学家睡着的时候爬到了他的头部。

  Q7:本题答案为D。听力原文中说到The snake has been named silver boa because it is metallic colored and the first specimen found was climbing a silver palm tree. 这个蛇被叫做银蛇因为它金属般的外表,也就是以其颜色命名。

  长对话1

  Q8:本题答案为C。听力原文中My flight leaves in less than 2 hours. So, could you tell me, what's the quickest way to get there? 我的航班在两小时内就要起飞。所以可以告诉我怎么去机场最快吗?所以原因是两小时内要起飞,其他选项的原因未提及。

  Q9:本题答案为B。听力原文中男士说到I'll pay with my credit card.他会用信用卡支付。

  Q10:本题答案为A。听力原文中男士说到But I'll need a receipt, so I can charge it to my company.他需要一份收据,这样他可以向公司报账。

  Q11:本题答案为D。听力原文中女士问男士would you like to leave a comment on our web page when you have time?她想让这位先生在他们的网站上写个评价。

  长对话2

  Q12:本题答案为C。听力原文中男生说到Ben’s given up making those terrible faces he used to make.本不再做以前那些鬼脸。

  Q13:本题答案为D。听力原文中男生描述他奶奶说过的话For example, she would say, you will get a spot on your tongue if you tell a lie. 如果你撒了谎,你的舌头上会出现斑点。所以是在警示他编故事、说谎的危险性。

  Q14:本题答案为A。听力原文中女生说到The one that used to get me was that swans could break your leg when they blow of the wing. 女生相信天鹅在拍打它们翅膀的时候会使你的腿折断,即天鹅会折断人的腿。

  Q15:本题答案为B。听力原文中男生说他妻子的奶奶告诉她She said her grandmother reckoned you had to shave your head to get it out. 必须要剃光头才可以取出蝙蝠。

  短文1

  Q16:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到I was in my twenties, and everything was being renewed. Renewed是更新的的意思,说明一切都在变化。

  Q17:本题答案为A。听力原文中说到Meeting people was the thing, and you went to coffee bars where you met friends and spent the evening. 去咖啡厅和朋友见面度过一个晚上,这是最流行的事,was the thing是口语化的表达,意思是很火、很流行。

  Q18:本题答案为D。听力原文中说到of course, I was a student。说明作者当时是学生。

  短文2

  Q19:本题答案为B。听力原文中说到Dogs, man's best friends, have a clear strategy for dealing with angry owners—they look away. New research shows that dogs limit their eye contact with angry humans. 狗是人类最好的朋友,在碰到它们的主人生气时会走开,避免眼神交流。

  Q20:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到When dogs looked at expressions of angry dogs, their eyes rested more on the mouth。狗在遇到生气的同伴时会把眼神关注在对方的嘴巴上。

  Q21:本题答案为B。听力原文中说到The researchers also note that dogs scan faces as a whole to sense how people are feeling, instead of focusing on a given feature. 研究者们说狗通过整体地看人的脸来判断人的情绪而不是只聚焦在某一个点上。As a whole表示作为整体。

  短文3

  Q22:本题答案为D。听力原文中说到What do animals do? There are three main ways that animals survive the cold in winter: sleep, adapt or migrate. 动物怎么过冬呢?总体上动物有三种方法度过寒冷的冬天,分别是冬眠、使自身适应环境、迁徙。说明动物有不同的方法来应对寒冷。

  Q23:本题答案为C。听力原文中说到To prepare for this before winter, these animals eat extra food tobecome fat, which gives them the energy they need while they sleep. 在冬天来临之前,选择冬眠的动物会吃更多的食物,这样可以在它们冬眠的时候给予它们能量。所以冬眠时它们消耗之前储蓄的能量。

  Q24:本题答案为A。听力原文中说到So some animals, such as mice, collect extra food before winter, and hide it. When winter comes, they return to their hiding places to eat the food. 像老鼠这样的动物,它们在冬天之前会采集更多的食物并把食物藏起来。冬天到来后,它们再去藏食物的地方去吃这些食物,即提前储蓄足够的食物。

  Q25:本题答案为C。听力末尾说到Some birds fly in groups for safety, while others fly alone.有些鸟考虑到安全因素成群的迁徙。

  【参考答案】

  26.O vigorous

  27.I phenomenon

  28.E effectively

  29.G involved

  30.M solution

  31.D cycling

  32.C control

  33. J preventing

  34. N sufficient

  35. F increased

  【答案解析】

  26. 本题是在文中的第三句话中出现,根据该句的语法结构,发现26题所在处的单词词性应为形容词,修饰exercise,联系上文中提到“锻炼可以消耗身体中的肌肉”,由此得知本句的意思为经过大量锻炼后,我们的肌肉变得疲惫,因此此处应填入“vigorous”表示“剧烈的运动”。

  27. 本题是在a和called “central fatigue”中间出现,根据语法结构,可以得出此处应填入的单词词性为名词,后面的called “central fatigue”做后置定语修饰限定前面的名词,然后根据本句意思“肌肉的表现也会被一种称之为“中枢疲劳”的_____所影响”;根据所给出的全部名词,选出正确答案为I phenomenon现象一词。

  28. 本题位于句子最后,根据语法结构可以判断出本题要填入的词汇的词性为副词,因此根据该句意思“人体内化学信使的失调会使中枢神经系统无法______指导肌肉运动”,此处应填入的副词为E effectively 有效地。

  29. 本题位于名词motor system(运动系统)之后,且空格前有directly副词的修饰,由此确定该处单词的词性应为动词,但由于本句已有谓语动词affect,因此此处应填入非谓语动词,限定修饰前面的名词motor system;根据文中意思,可以确定此处的单词应为G involved 参与,即“不直接参与锻炼的运动系统--例如眼部运动”。

  30. 本题前面有不定冠词a,由此判断此处应为名词,根据后面“either with a moderate dose(适度剂量) of caffeine”可以得知此处应该是研究人员给11位志愿者一种溶液。因此,本题应选M solution。

  31. 本题应结合下文进行分析,首先根据题目所在位置可判断此处的词性为名词类词汇(包括动名词);下文中提到科学家测试骑自行车的人(cyclist),由此可得知前面应该是这些人所做的运动应为骑自行车,因此,本题选择D cycling (骑自行车)。

  32. 本题所在部分的意思为“大脑如何_____视觉系统”,此处需要填入的单词词性为动词,根据常识,可以得知大脑控制视觉系统,因此此处选择C control (控制)。

  33. 根据语法结构可得出本题所在部分为句子的状语成分,因此需要填入的单词词性为非谓语动词,根据文章逻辑,得出“锻炼使快速眼动速度降低8%左右,_____他们捕捉新的视觉信息的能力”,此处应为降低/组织捕捉新的视觉信息的能力,因此此处选择J preventing(阻止)。

  34. 本题考查词组搭配be ______ to,根据文章的逻辑,上文第二句话中提到“不用害怕,咖啡可以使眼睛快速恢复”,由此,可以推出此句的意思为“咖啡因足够消除这种影响,一些骑自行车的志愿者甚至眼动速度增加。”因此,此题选择 N sufficient (足够的;充分的)。

  35. 根据上题的分析,可以快速选出此题的答案为 F increased(增加)。

  段落信息匹配:

  36、G

  37、D

  38、L

  39、B

  40、F

  41、C

  42、H

  43、A

  44、K

  45、E

  仔细阅读:

  46、B

  47、C

  48、C

  49、D

  50、B

  51、D

  52、C

  53、B

  54、A

  55、C

  翻译

  长江是亚洲最长、世界第三长的河流。长江流经多种不同的生态系统,是诸多濒危物种的栖息地,灌溉了中国五分之一的土地。长江流域居住着中国三分之一的人口。长江在中国历史、文化和经济上起着很大的作用。长江三角洲产出多达20%的中国国民生产总值。几千年来,长江一直被用于供水、运输和工业生产。长江上还坐落着世界最大的水电站。

  长江是亚洲最长、世界第三长的河流。

  The Yangtze River is the longest in Asia and the third longest in the world.

  长江流经多种不同的生态系统,是诸多濒危物种的栖息地,灌溉了中国五分之一的土地。

  The river, which flows through/supports/sustains varied/diverse ecosystems along its passage, offers habitats for many endangered species and provides irrigation for 1/5 of China's land.

  长江流域居住着中国三分之一的人口。

  The Yangtze River basin is home to 1/3 of China's population.

  长江在中国历史、文化和经济上起着很大的作用。

  The river plays a very important role in China historically, culturally and economically/bears historical, cultural and economic significance for China.

  长江三角洲产出多达20%的中国国民生产总值。

  The Yangtze River Delta contributes up to 20% of China's GDP.

  几千年来,长江一直被用于供水、运输和工业生产。长江上还坐落着世界最大的水电站。

  For millennia, the Yangtze River has been used for water supply, shipment and industrial activities. The world's largest hydropower station is also built/sits on the river. /The river also boasts the world's largest hydropower station.

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