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2018上半年英语四级翻译真题及参考译文

中华考试网   2018-06-19   【

 2018上半年英语四级翻译真题及参考译文

  2018上半年英语四级笔试考试时间:6月16日,中华考试网英语四级频道更新了2018上半年英语四级翻译真题共考生参考。预祝各位同学考出理想的分数!

  2018上半年英语四级翻译真题卷一

  【原文】

  公交车:

  公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市的交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘坐公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

  参考译文

  【译文】

  Buses used to be the main means of transportation for Chinese. In recent years, since the increase of amount of private cars, the traffic problems in cities have been increasingly serious. In order to encourage people to go out by bus, many cities are continuously improving the service of buses. So the facilities are always renewed and the speed is remarkably promoted. But the ticket prices are still inexpensive, and in most cities, many senior citizens can enjoy free ticket while taking a bus

  2018上半年英语四级翻译真题卷二

  【原文】

  过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中 国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建 机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。

  参考答案:

  In the past, it was difficult for most Chinese people to imagine a time when they could travel by plane. At present, however, with the development of economy and the enhancement of living standards, Chinese people in increasing numbers, including many peasants and migrant workers, are able to travel by air. They can reach all big cities by airplane and many cities are preparing to built airfields. Air services have been continuously improved and there are often low cost airlines. In recent years, the number of people who would like to travel by plane during holidays has been growing.

  2018上半年英语四级翻译真题卷三

  【原文】

  地铁

  近年来,中国有越来越多的城市开始建造地铁。发展地铁有助于减少城市的交通拥堵和空气污染。地铁具有安全、快捷和舒适的优点,越来越多的人选择地铁作为每天上班或上学的主要交通工具。如今,在中国乘坐地铁正变得越来越方便。在有些城市里,乘客只需用卡或手机就可以乘坐地铁。许多当地老年市民还可以免费乘坐地铁。(147)

  参考答案:

  In recent years, more cities in China have begun to build subways in a bid to reduce traffic congestion and air pollution。 A growing number of people choose subway as the main means of transportation to work or school every day to enjoy its advantages of safety, speed and comfort。 Nowadays, taking the subway is becoming increasingly convenient in China, for passengers in some cities simply use their cards or mobile phones to take the subway and many local elderly citizens can also take it for free。

  整体点评:

  四级翻译为段落汉译英,翻译内容涉及中国的历史、文化、经济、社会发展等。长度为140—160个汉字。考查考生理解和表达两个层面,要求考生做到译文准确,基本表达原文意思。

  本次翻译考察三大交通工具—飞机,公交和地铁,是大家比较熟悉的话题,因此在词汇层面难度不大。虽然主题不同,但涉及到的词汇表达和考点一致。如三篇段落翻译中都涉及到“越来越”“持续”“不断”“提高”“改善”“出行”“服务”“交通工具”等和乘交通工具的表达(选用take或者by都可)。另外,涉及到的考点有:(1)被动句的翻译,考察学生是否能理解“无被字”的中文句子中的被动结构并转换为英文译文中的被动句。如“车辆的设施不断更新(公交车篇)”“航空服务不断改进(飞机篇);(2)长定语的翻译,考察学生是否能理解较长的定语并转换为正确的定语表达。如“节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加(飞机篇)”中“选择乘飞机外出的”长定语和“公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具(公交篇)中“中国人出行”的长定语;(3)动名词的翻译,考察学生是否能准确理解句子主干结构并转换为正确的译文。如“乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的”主干结构是“乘飞机是难以想象的”。

  整体来说,本试题难度中等,相比去年,考察的词汇难度,表达难度和考点难度均有所下降。

  小编推荐2018上半年英语四级真题试卷

       2018年6月英语四级翻译真题及答案:公交车 

       2018年6月英语四级翻译真题及答案:飞机

       2018年6月英语四级翻译真题及答案:地铁

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