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2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:传统事物

中华考试网   2018-11-09   【

2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:传统事物

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  筷子:中国人使用筷子已经有3 000多年的历史了。中国的筷子夹菜的一端是圆的,象征着天;另一端是方的,象征着地。这是因为,维持充足的食物供应是天地之间最重要的事情。中国有个古老的风俗,女子出嫁时要用筷子当嫁妆,因为“筷子”与“快子”谐音。根据中国的餐桌礼仪,吃饭时一直握着筷子是不礼貌的。将菜送入口中后,应立刻把筷子放下。吃饭时,用筷子指着别人会对其造成冒犯。

  参考译文

  There has been a history of more than 3 000 years for the Chinese to have meals with chopsticks .Chinese chopsticks are round on the eating end which symbolizes the heaven, and the other end is square which symbolizes the earth. It is because maintaining an adequate food supply is the greatest concern between the heaven and the earth. There is an old custom in the past in China, that chopsticks should be apart of a girl’s dowry. Kuaizi (chopsticks) is pronounced the same as “kuaizi”.The latter symbolized “quick” and “son”. According to the Chinese traditional table manners, it is impolite to hold the chopsticks all the time over the meal. As soon as one person sends a bite into his mouth, he should putdown the chopsticks. It would offend others to point at them with chopsticks over the meal.

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  文房四宝:在中国,笔、墨、纸、砚(ink slab),就是人们所说的“文房四宝”,在中华文明的传承中起了重要作用。文房四宝不仅有实用价值,它们本身也是供人观赏的艺术品,并逐步成为收藏品。文房四宝品类繁多,丰富多彩,选材制作不断趋于完善、精美,历代都有名品、名匠产生,成为一种深厚的文化积淀。在当今时代,使用笔、墨、纸、砚进行学习、写作的人越来越少了,但是,在中国的书法、绘画、收藏以及修身养性活动中,它们仍起着不可替代的作用。

  参考译文

  In China, “four treasures of the study” refers to “writing brush”, “ink stick”, “paper” and“ink slab”, playing an important role in passing on Chinese civilization. They not only have their value of practical use, but also become the works of art for appreciation and collection. There is a large variety of these four treasures. Selecting of materials and making process have become increasingly delicate and perfect. Each dynasty of Chinese history saw famous craftsmen appear and works produced, which is a profound process of cultural accumulation In contemporary times, “four treasures of the study” have been increasingly rarely used for study or writhing, but they are still playing anir replaceable role in the field of Chinese calligraphy, painting, collection and in the activities of cultivating one's mind.

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国结:中国结(The Chinese Knot)是一种古老的艺术形式。人们发现,绳结可以追朔到10万年前。中国人不仅用绳结来固定、包裹、狩猎、捕鱼,还用来记录事件,而且有些绳结纯粹起装饰作用。中国结具有文化内涵(cultural connotation)。由于结在汉语中的发音与“吉”相近。吉的意思是“福、禄、寿、喜、财、安、康”,这是中国人永恒的追求,因此有些中国结表达出人们的各种愿望。例如:新婚夫妇的房间通常用一个盘长结(Pan-chang Knot)来装饰,象征着永恒的爱情。

  参考译文

  The Chinese Knot is an ancient art form and artifacts could be found as far back as 100 000years ago. Chinese people used knots for more than justfastening , wraping, hunting, fishing .Knots were also to record events ,and someknots had purely ornamentak functions.The Chinese Knot has cultural connotations .Since knot is pronounce d as"jie" in Chinese similar with that of "ji",which means blessing,goodsalary,longevity,happpiness,fortune,safety and health and is the everl astingpursuit of Chinese people ,some Chinese Knots espress people's various hopes. Forexample ,the room of newlyweds is usually decorated with a Pan-Chang Knot to symbolizeeternal love.

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  八大菜系:中国一个幅员辽阔、资源丰富、历史悠久的多民族国家,每个民族都有其独特的丰富菜肴。地域菜系在地理环境、气候、文化传统、民族风俗和其他因素的影响下经过悠久历史的发展已经成形。最有影响力、最具代表性的是鲁、川、粵、闽、苏、浙、湘、徽菜系,这八种被人们称为“八大菜系”。中国的“八大菜系”是以多种多样的烹饪方法区分的,各有其长处。

  参考译文

  China is atime-honored multi-ethnics nation with a vast territory and abundant resources,and every ethnic group has its unique abundant dishes. Regional cuisines havetaken shape after long-history evolution under the influence of geographicalenvironment, climate, cultural tradition, folk customs and other factors. Themost influential and representative ones are Lu, Chuan,Yue, Min, Su,Zhe, Xiang and HuiCuisines, which are commonly known as “Eight Major Cuisines”. Dishes in the“Eight Major Cuisines” in China are characterized by persified cooking skills,with each having its strong points.

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