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2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:饺子2篇

中华考试网   2018-10-12   【

2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:饺子2篇

  第一篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  在中国北方的一些地区,冬至要喝饺子汤;其他一些地区的居民则会吃饺子,他们认为吃饺子可以免受来年的霜冻。然而,在南方,最常见的庆祝方法是一家人聚到一起,吃上一顿用红豆和糯米做成的饭,他们相信这样可以驱鬼辟邪。还有一些地区会吃汤圆。冬至的汤圆也可能会被用于祭祀,或者馈赠亲友。台湾人甚至还保留着向祖先进贡九层糕的习俗。他们用糯米粉捏成鸡、鸭、龟、猪、牛、羊等象征福禄寿的动物,然后用蒸笼分层蒸熟。

  参考译文

  In some parts of north China, people have jiaozi soup on this day; while residents of some other places eat jiaozi, saying doing so will keep them from frost in the upcoming winter. But in south China, it is commonplace for the whole family to get together to have a meal made of red beans and glutinous rice. They believe, by doing this, they can drive away ghosts and other evil things. In other places, people also eat tangyuan, a kind of stuffed small dumpling ball made of glutinous rice flour. The Winter Solstice rice dumplings may be used as sacrifices to ancestors, or gifts for friends and relatives. The Taiwanese even keep the custom of offering nine-layer cakes to their ancestors. They made cakes in the shape of chicken, duck, tortoise, pig, cow or sheep with glutinous rice flour and steam them on different layers of a pot. These animals all signify auspiciousness in Chinese tradition.

  第二篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  饺子是深受中国人民喜爱的传统食品。 相传为古代医圣张仲景发明。饺子的制作是包括: 1) 擀皮、2) 备馅、3) 包馅水煮三个步骤。其特点是皮薄馅嫩,味道鲜美,形状独特,百食不厌。民间有“好吃不过饺子”的俗语。中国人接亲待客、逢年过节都有包饺子吃的习俗,寓意吉利。对崇尚亲情的中国人来说,“更岁交子”吃饺子,更是欢度除夕、辞旧迎新必不可少的内容。

  参考译文

  Dumplings Dumplings are one of the Chinese people’s favorite traditional dishes. According to an ancient Chinese legend, dumplings were first made by the medical saint---Zhang Zhongjing. There are three steps involved in making dumplings: 1) make dumpling wrappers out of dumpling flour; 2) prepare the dumpling stuffing; 3) make dumplings and boil them. With thin and elastic dough skin, fresh and tender stuffing, delicious taste, and unique shapes, dumplings are worth eating hundreds of times. There’s an old saying that claims, “Nothing could be more delicious than dumplings”. During the Spring Festival and other holidays, or when treating relatives and friends, Chinese people like to follow the auspicious custom of eating dumplings. To Chinese people who show high reverence for family love, having dumplings at the moment the old year is replaced by the new is an essential part of bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the new year.

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