The Pearl River, China’s third longest river is a major river system in Southern China and flows through the city of Guangzhou second only to the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. As the densest region of cities and population in world and one of China’s most developed areas, the Pearl River delta covers an extent of about 11,000 square kilometers and resides more than 57 million people in top 9 largest cities in this area. Since China’s reform and opening in the late 1970s, Pearl River delta has become one of the major economic regions and manufacturing centers of China and the world.
长江是亚洲最长、世界上第三长的河流。长江流经多种不同的生态系统，是诸多濒危物种的栖息地，灌溉了中国五分之一的土地。长江流域(river basin)居住着中国三分之一的人口。长江在中国历史、文化和经济上起着很大的作用。长江三角洲(delta)产出多达20%的中国国民生产总值。几千年来，长江一直被用于供水、运输和工业生产。长江上还坐落着世界 最大的水电站。
The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, and ranks third in the world. It flows through a variety of eco-systems and becomes a habit for many endangered species. Moreover, Yangtze River also irrigates one fifth of China’s farmland, and the Yangtze River basin resides one third of China’s population and plays an essential role in China’s history, culture and economy. The Yangtze River delta accounts for as much as 20% of China’s GNP. For thousands of years, the Yangtze River has always been used for water supplying, transportation and industrial production. it also settles the world’s largest hydropower station.
The Yellow River is the third longest river in Asia and sixth-longest river in the world, the word “Yellow” in its name was derived from the color of the muddy water. Originating in Qinghai province, the Yellow River flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea. The Yellow River basin was the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilization and it was the most prosperous region in early Chinese history. However, the Yellow River also caused several sever damages because of frequent devastating floods. During the past decades, the government has taken a variety of measures to prevent it.
Da Yanhe is a poetry anthology created by Aiqing, a distinguished Chinese poet. It is a collection of 9 works, such as Da Yan He--My Nanny. It was completed in 1936. The whole collection has four sections. The author recalls his memories of gratitude and praise towards Da Yanhe, an impoverished female farmer. Consequently, the works arouse sympathy for the tragic fate of the old working women in China and the intense resent for the "Unfair world".
The Beijing- Hangzhou Grand Canal
The Beijing- Hangzhou Grand Canal is over 2500 years old. It was dug by the kingdom of Wu in the Spring and Autumn Periods, and was later expanded to Beijing during the Sui Dynasty. It extends from Hangzhou in the south to Beijing in the north, and passes through Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Tianjin. Additionally, it crosses the Haihe, Yellow, Huaihe, Yangtze, and Qiantang Rivers. Its total length is 1,797 kilometers.
First built in 486 BC, the Grand Canal is divided into three sections: the Grand Canal of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, and Eastern Zhejiang Grand Canal. With a total length of 2,700km, it spans 10 latitude degrees of the globe across 8 provinces and municipalities. As a major artery of the North China Plain, it connects five major water systems: Haihe River, Yellow River, Huai River, Yangtze River and Caoe River. With a history of over 2,500 years, it is the world’s oldest and also longest canal.