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2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:河流6篇

中华考试网   2018-07-12   【

2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:河流6篇

  第一篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  珠江是华南一大河系,流经广州市,是中国第三长的河流,仅次于长江和黄河。珠江三角洲是中国最发达的地区之一,面积约11,000平方公里。它在面积和人口方面也是世界上最大的城市聚集区。珠江三角洲九个最大城市共有5,700多万人口。上世纪70年代末中国改革开放以来,珠江三角洲已成为中国和世界主要经济区域和制造中心之一。

  参考译文

  The Pearl River, China’s third longest river is a major river system in Southern China and flows through the city of Guangzhou second only to the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. As the densest region of cities and population in world and one of China’s most developed areas, the Pearl River delta covers an extent of about 11,000 square kilometers and resides more than 57 million people in top 9 largest cities in this area. Since China’s reform and opening in the late 1970s, Pearl River delta has become one of the major economic regions and manufacturing centers of China and the world.

  第二篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  长江是亚洲最长、世界上第三长的河流。长江流经多种不同的生态系统,是诸多濒危物种的栖息地,灌溉了中国五分之一的土地。长江流域(river basin)居住着中国三分之一的人口。长江在中国历史、文化和经济上起着很大的作用。长江三角洲(delta)产出多达20%的中国国民生产总值。几千年来,长江一直被用于供水、运输和工业生产。长江上还坐落着世界 最大的水电站。

  参考译文

  The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, and ranks third in the world. It flows through a variety of eco-systems and becomes a habit for many endangered species. Moreover, Yangtze River also irrigates one fifth of China’s farmland, and the Yangtze River basin resides one third of China’s population and plays an essential role in China’s history, culture and economy. The Yangtze River delta accounts for as much as 20% of China’s GNP. For thousands of years, the Yangtze River has always been used for water supplying, transportation and industrial production. it also settles the world’s largest hydropower station.

  第三篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  黄河是亚洲第三、世界第六长的河流。“黄”这个字描述的是其河水浑浊的颜色。黄河发源于青海,流经九个省份,最后注入渤海。黄河是中国赖以生存的几条河流之一。黄河流域(river basin)是中国古代文明的诞生地,也是中国早期历史上最繁荣的地区。然而,由于极具破坏力的洪水频发,黄河曾造成多次灾害。在过去几十年里,政府采取了各种措施防止灾害发生。

  参考译文

  The Yellow River is the third longest river in Asia and sixth-longest river in the world, the word “Yellow” in its name was derived from the color of the muddy water. Originating in Qinghai province, the Yellow River flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea. The Yellow River basin was the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilization and it was the most prosperous region in early Chinese history. However, the Yellow River also caused several sever damages because of frequent devastating floods. During the past decades, the government has taken a variety of measures to prevent it.

  第四篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  《大堰河》

  《大堰河》是著名诗人艾青创作的诗集。收录了《大堰河——我的褓姆》等9篇作品。1936年完稿。全诗分为四部分。作者通过对自己的乳母的回忆与追思,抒发了对贫苦农妇大堰河的怀念之情、感激之情和赞美之情,从而激发人们对旧中国广大劳动妇女悲惨命运的同情,对这“不公道的世界”的强烈仇恨。

  参考译文

  Da Yanhe

  Da Yanhe is a poetry anthology created by Aiqing, a distinguished Chinese poet. It is a collection of 9 works, such as Da Yan He--My Nanny. It was completed in 1936. The whole collection has four sections. The author recalls his memories of gratitude and praise towards Da Yanhe, an impoverished female farmer. Consequently, the works arouse sympathy for the tragic fate of the old working women in China and the intense resent for the "Unfair world".

  第五篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  京杭大运河

  京杭大运河,是春秋时期吴国开凿的,在隋朝扩修并贯通至北京,到现今已有超过2500年的历史。它南起于杭州,北到北京,途经今浙江、江苏、山东、河北四省及天津、北京两市,贯通海河、黄河、淮河、长江、钱塘江五大水系,全长约1797千米。

  参考译文

  The Beijing- Hangzhou Grand Canal

  The Beijing- Hangzhou Grand Canal is over 2500 years old. It was dug by the kingdom of Wu in the Spring and Autumn Periods, and was later expanded to Beijing during the Sui Dynasty. It extends from Hangzhou in the south to Beijing in the north, and passes through Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Tianjin. Additionally, it crosses the Haihe, Yellow, Huaihe, Yangtze, and Qiantang Rivers. Its total length is 1,797 kilometers.

  第六篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  大运河

  大运河始建于公元前486年,包括隋唐大运河、京杭大运河和浙东大运河三部分,全长2700公里,跨越地球10多个纬度,地跨8个省、直辖市,纵贯在华北大平原上,通达海河、黄河、淮河、长江、曹娥江五大水系,是中国古代南北交通的大动脉,至今大运河历史延续已2500余年。它是世界上最长的运河,也是世界上开凿最早、规模最大的运河。

  参考译文

  Grand Canal

  First built in 486 BC, the Grand Canal is divided into three sections: the Grand Canal of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, and Eastern Zhejiang Grand Canal. With a total length of 2,700km, it spans 10 latitude degrees of the globe across 8 provinces and municipalities. As a major artery of the North China Plain, it connects five major water systems: Haihe River, Yellow River, Huai River, Yangtze River and Caoe River. With a history of over 2,500 years, it is the world’s oldest and also longest canal.

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