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2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:茶文化5篇

中华考试网   2018-07-11   【

2018年大学英语四级考试翻译试题:茶文化5篇

  第一篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  "你要茶还是咖啡?"是用餐人常被问到的问题,许多西方人会选咖啡,而中国人则会选茶,相传,中国的一位帝王于五千年前发现了茶,并用来治病,在明清(the qing dynasties)期间,茶馆遍布全国,饮茶在六世纪传到日本,但直到18世纪才传到欧美,如今,茶是世界上最流行的饮料(beverage)之一,茶是中国的瑰宝。也是中国传统和文化的重要组成部分。

  参考译文

  "Would you like tea or coffee?" That’s a question people often asked when having meal. Most westerners will choose coffee, while the Chinese would like to choose tea. According to legend, tea was discovered by a Chinese emperor five thousand years ago, and then was used to cure disease. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, tea houses were all over the country. Tea drinking spread to Japan in the 6th century, but it was not until the 18th century does it spread to Europe and America. Nowadays, tea is one of the most popular beverage in the world, and it is not only the treasure of China but also an important part of Chinese tradition and culture.

  第二篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国是茶的故乡。据说早在五六千年前,中国就有了茶树(tea- shrub),而且

  有关茶树的人类文明可以追溯到两千年前。来自中国的 茶和丝绸、瓷器(porcelain)—样,在1000年前为世界所知,而且一 直是中国重要的出口产品。目前世界上40多个国家种植茶,其中亚 洲国家的产量占世界总产量的90%。其他国家的茶树都直接或间接 地起源于中国。

  参考译文

  China is the homeland of tea. It is believed that China has tea- shrubs as early as five to six thousand years ago,and human cultivation of teaplants can date back two thousand years. Tea from China,along with her silk and porcelain, began to be known the world over more than a thousand years ago and has since always been an important Chinese export. At present more than forty countries in the world grow tea with Asian countries producing 90% of the world’s total output. All tea trees in other countries have their origin directly or indirectly in China

  第三篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  功夫茶(Gongfu tea)不是一种茶叶或茶的名字,而是一种冲泡的手艺。人们叫它功夫茶,足因为这种泡茶方式十分讲究:它的操作过程需要一定的技术,以及泡茶和品茶的知识和技能。功夫茶起源于宋朝,在广东的潮州府(今潮汕地区)一带最为盛行,后来在全国各地流行。功夫茶以浓度(concentration)高著称。制作功夫茶主要使用的茶叶足乌龙茶(Oolongtea),因为它能满足功夫茶色、香、味的要求。

  参考译文

  Gongfu tea is not one kind of tea or the name of tea,but a skill of making tea.People call it Gongfu tea for the reason of its exquisite process. The operational procedures require certain techniques, knowledge and skill of brewing and tasting tea. Gongfu tea originated in the Song Dynasty and prevailed mostly in Chaozhou Guangdong Province(Now: Chaoshan Area). It later became popular around the nation. Gongfu tea is famous for its high concentration. Oolong tea is mainly used in making the Gongfu tea because it can meet the requirements of color, flavor and taste of the Gongfu tea.

  第四篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  中国是一个文化历史悠久的(time-honored )国度,也是一个礼仪(ceremony and decorum )之邦。每当客人来访,都需要泡茶给客人喝。在给客人奉茶之前,你应该问问他们都喜欢喝什么类型的茶,并采用最合适的茶具奉上。奉茶期间,主人需要仔细留意客人的茶杯里的茶量。通常,若是用茶杯泡的茶,在茶喝完一半之后就应该加开水,这样,茶杯就一直都是满的,茶的芳香(bouquet)也得以保留。

  参考翻译:

  China is a country with a time-honored civilizationand also a land of ceremony and decorum.Whenever guests visit, it is necessary to make andserve tea to them. Before serving tea, you may askthem for their preferences as to what kind of tea they fancy, and serve them the tea in themost appropriate teacups. In the course of serving tea, the host should take careful note ofhow much water remains in the guests'cups. Usually, if the tea is made in a teacup, boilingwater should be added into the cup when half of the tea in it has been consumed; and thus thecup is kept filled and the tea retains the same bouquet.

  第五篇

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  在中国,当有客人来访时,泡茶(serve tea)是必不可少的。你可提前询问客人最喜欢喝什么茶以便选用最佳茶具(tea set)来待客。主人在陪伴客人饮茶时,要非常注意茶壶以及客人茶杯中的茶水剩余量。通常,如茶已喝去一半,就要添加茶水,随喝随添,使茶水浓度(concentration)不变和温度适宜。在饮茶时也可适当佐以点心、糖果、菜肴等,达到调节口味和缓解饥饿感之功效。

  参考译文

  In China,it is necessary to serve tea to visitors.You call ask them about what kind of tea they fancy most in advance so as to serve them with the most appropriate tea set.In the course of serving tea,the host should take careful note of how much water remaining in the kettle and in the cups of the guests.Usually. boiling water should be added after half of the cup has been consumed.and thus the cup is kept filled so that the tea retains the same concentration and remains pleasantly warm throughout the entire course of tea-drinking.Snacks,sweets and other dishes may be served at tea time to complement the fragrance of the tea and to allay one’s hunger.

  相关推荐:2018大学英语四级翻译试题库(747篇)

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