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2017年大学英语四级翻译试题库:元宵节

   2017-10-12   【

2017年大学英语四级翻译试题库:元宵节

  【元宵节1】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  与大多数中国节日一样,元宵节同样有自己的特色小吃,成为“汤圆”(也叫“元宵”)。汤圆外形圆圆的,外皮由糯米制成,内陷或甜或辣。人们都说汤圆有两个象征之意,一为农历的第一个月圆,二为家庭团聚圆满。元宵节传统习俗中还有一部分是关于猜灯谜的游戏。在过去,这些谜语大多出自于模糊的文学典故和中国古典文学之中,所以猜灯谜以前多为知识份子的“领地”。踩高跷,敲大鼓和舞龙狮也是元宵节主要的娱乐活动。

  参考译文:

  Like most Chinese festivals, the Lantern Festival has its own special food, called “tang yuan”. These are round, glutinous rice dumplings with sweet or spicy fillings. The dumplings are said to symbolize both the first full moon and family utility and completeness. Part of the lantern festival tradition involves a game to guess riddles attached to the lanterns. In the old days the riddles were obscure literary allusions to the Chinese classics and so were mainly the preserve of the educated classes. Stilt-walking, drumming and dragon and lion dancing are the main entertainment forms of the Lantern Festival. 

  【元宵节2】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  每年农历的正月十五是元宵节。早在两千多年前的西汉时期(the Western Han Dynasty),元宵节就已经成为一个具有重要意义的节日。在这天,人们制作各种漂亮的灯笼、设计有趣的灯谜;同时多种表演,如舞龙灯、舞狮子、踩高跷(walking on stilts)等也会上演。和其他中国传统节日一样,元宵节也有特定的食品,叫“汤圆(gluepudding) ”。汉语中,汤圆和“团圆”发音相似,代表着家庭团圆、和谐和快乐。

  参考译文:

  The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1stlunar month. As early as more than 2,000 years ago,in the Western Han Dynasty, it had become a festivalwith great significance. On the Lantern Festival,Chinese people craft many types of beautiful lanterns and create many interesting lanternriddles. At the same time, performances such as dragon lantern dance, lion dance and walkingon stilts will be staged. Just like China’s other traditional festivals, the Lantern Festival alsohas its own special dish— “Tangyuan, a glue pudding”. Tangyuan has a similar pronunciationwith “tuanyuan (reunion)” in Chinese, representing reunion, harmony and happiness for thefamily.

  相关推荐2017年大学英语四级翻译试题库汇总(202篇)

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