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2017年大学英语四级翻译试题库:中秋节

   2017-10-12   【

2017年大学英语四级翻译试题库:中秋节

  【中秋节1】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  农历八月十五日是中国的传统节日——中秋节。在这天,每个家庭都团聚在一起,一家人共同观赏象征丰裕、和谐和好运的圆月。此时,大人们尽情吃着美味的月饼,品着热腾腾的香茗,而孩子们则在一旁拉着明亮的兔子灯尽情玩耍。月宫里美丽的仙女嫦娥的神话故事赋予了这个节日神话色彩。传说古时候,天空曾有10个太阳围着地球旋转。后翌射下了其中9个太阳,拯救了地球上的生灵。他偷了长生不老药,却被妻子嫦娥偷偷喝下,从而产生了嫦娥奔月的故事。

  参考译文:

  The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar month. It is a time for family members to congregate and enjoy the full moon, which is a symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. Adults usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of various kinds with a good cup of hot Chinese tea, while the children run around with their brightly-lit rabbit lanterns. The festival was endowed a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon. According to Chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. Hou Yi, shot down 9 of the suns to save all the lives on carth. He stole the elixir of life, which can make people immortal. However, his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thus the legend of Chang-E flying into the moon came into being.

  【中秋节2】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  每年的农历八月十五为中秋节,是月亮在一年中最圆、最亮的一天。中秋节的历史非常悠久。自古以来,历代皇帝都遵循着春季祭日、秋季祭月的传统。到唐代,中秋节开始作为固定节日;宋朝时,这一节日更为盛行。至明清,中秋节已成为一个与春节、清明节和端午节并列的重大节日。在中秋节这天,人们会在月下观赏祭拜,寄托个人情怀。 

  参考译文:

  The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th day of the8th lunar month, when the moon is the fullest andbrightest of the whole year. This festival has a verylong history. In ancient China, emperors followed thetradition of offering sacrifices to the sun in spring and to the moon in autumn. By the TangDynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival had been fixed as a holiday, which became even grander inthe Song Dynasty. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, it grew to be a major festival of Chinatogether with the Spring Festival, the Qingming Festival and Dragon Boat Festival. On this day,people enjoy the full, bright moon, worship it and express their thoughts and feelings in themoonlight.

  【中秋节3】

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  农历八月十五日是中国的传统节日——中秋节。在这天,每个家庭都团聚在一起,一家人共同观赏象征丰裕、和谐和幸运的圆月。此时,大人们吃着美味的月饼,品着热腾腾的香茗,而孩子们则在一旁拉着灯笼尽情玩耍。中秋节最早可能是一个庆祝丰收的节日。后来,月宫里美丽的仙女嫦娥的神话故事赋予了它神话色彩。此后,每年中秋月圆之时,人们向月宫仙女嫦娥祈福的传说便流传开来。

  参考译文:

  "Zhong Qiu Jie", which is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. It is a time for family members and loved ones to get together and enjoy the full moon - a symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. Adults will usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hot Chinese tea, while the little ones run around with their lanterns. "Zhong Qiu Jie" probably began as a harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon. Thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom people would pray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.

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