孟子(Mencius)是战国时期(the Warring States Period )伟大的思想家、教育家。孔子去世100年后，孟子传授并发展了孔子的学说，他的哲学思想与孔子是一脉相承的。孟子认为人性本善，是社会的影响引发了道德的堕落，因此十分重视道德教育。孟子的母亲在他的生命中扮演了重要的角色，她曾三度迁居，只为了帮助她的孩子找到一个合适的成长环境。
Mencius is a great ideologist and educator in theWarring States Period. A hundred years afterConfucius died, Mencius taught and expandedConfucian doctrine. His philosophical thinking hasits origin in Confucius'thoughts. Mencius believes that human nature is essentially good, and itis society's influence that causes the degradation of morality. For that reason, he attachesgreat importance to moral education. Mencius'mother plays an important role in his life. Shemoved home three times only to find an environment that she felt was suitable for the child'supbringing.