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2018年英语四级翻译考试汉译英练习题(6)

中华考试网   2018-06-06   【

2018年英语四级翻译考试汉译英练习题(6)

  1. 授人以渔式

  In education we are striving not to teach youth to make a living, but to make a life.(W. A. White)

  教育不是为了教会青年人谋生,而是教会他们创造生活。(怀特)

  【点评】该结构可以用来代替trying to,令你的文章更富魅力。

  2. 热血青年式

  I would rather see a young man blush than turn pale. (M. P. Cato )

  我宁可看到青年人脸红,也不愿看到他脸色变得苍白。(加图)

  【点评】would rather…than…(宁可…,也不…句)型。

  3. 言论自由式

  I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it. (Voltaire)

  我不同意你说的话,但我愿意誓死捍卫你说话的权利。(伏尔泰)

  【点评】I disapprove of…, but I will… 表示不同意某一观点,然后给自己留下余地。

  看到各位大师的作品后,长江后浪推前浪,我们再加强学习10个简单实用的句型。

  ① Leave much to be desired(令人不满意)

  The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.

  我们的交通状况令人不满意。

  ② Have a great influence on…(对…有很大的影响)

  Smoking has a great influence on our health. 抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。

  ③ do good to(对…有益),do harm to(对…有害)

  Reading does good to our mind. 读书对心灵有益。

  Overworking does harm to one’s health. 工作过度对健康有害。

  ④ Pose a great threat to…(对…造成一大威胁)

  Pollution poses a great threat to our existence. 污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。

  ⑤ do one’s utmost to + V. = do one’s best(尽全力去…)

  We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.

  我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标。

  ⑥ It pays to + V.…(…是值得的)

  It pays to help others. 帮助别人是值得的。

  ⑦ be based on(以…为基础)

  The progress of society is based on harmony.

  社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

  ⑧ Spare no effort to + V.(不遗余力地)

  We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

  我们应该不遗余力地美化我们的环境。

  ⑨ bring home to + 人 + 事(让…明白…事)

  We should bring home to people the value of working hard.

  我们应该让人们明白努力的价值。

  ⑩ be closely related to…(与…息息相关)

  Exercising is closely related to health. 做运动与健康息息相关。

  5. 最好最坏式

  The worst tragedy for a poet is to be admired through being misunderstood. (J. Cocteau)

  对于诗人来说,最大的悲剧莫过于由于误解而受到钦佩。(科克托)

  【点评】“the + best\worst\most effective way\measure is to…”结构结合该句学习。

  4. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲式

  If you do not learn to think when you are young, you may never learn. (Edison)

  如果你年轻时不学会思考,那就永远不会。(爱迪生)

  【点评】这是个很好的警告别人、指出危害的句型。

  看到各位大师的作品后,长江后浪推前浪,我们再加强学习9个简单实用的句型。

  ① Get into the habit of + Ving = make it a rule to + V.(养成…的习惯)

  We should get into the habit of keeping good hours. 我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。

  ② Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + n./Ving, …(因为…)

  Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.

  因为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。

  ③ For the past + 时间,S. + 现在完成式…(过去…年来,…一直…)

  For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.

  过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

  ④ be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V.(不得不…)

  Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports. 既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

  ⑤ It is time + S. + 过去式(该是…的时候了)

  It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

  该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

  ⑥ By +Ving, …can…(借着…,…能够…)

  By exercising, we can always stay healthy.

  借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

  ⑦ …enable + Object(受词)+ to + V.(…使…能够…)

  Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

  ⑧ There is no doubt that + 句子…(毫无疑问地…)

  There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

  毫无疑问地,我们的教育制度令人不满意。

  或者:There is no denying that + S. + V.…(不可否认地…)

  There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.

  不可否认地,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

  ⑨ …cannot emphasize the importance of…too much. (再怎么强调…的重要性也不为过。)

  We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

  我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

  6. 力劈华山式

  I’ve never any pity for conceited people, because I think they carry their comfort about with them. (George Eliot )

  我从不怜惜自负的人们,因为我觉得他们无处不能自我安慰。(艾略特)

  【点评】该句型用来直接表达自己的观点再好不过。

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