各地
资讯
当前位置:中华考试网 >> 英语四级考试 >> 四级翻译 >> 汉译英 >> 2017年12月英语四级考试翻译训练 : 太极拳

2017年12月英语四级考试翻译训练 : 太极拳

   2017-07-05   【

2017年12月英语四级考试翻译训练 : 太极拳

  翻译题目

  太极拳(Taijiquan)是中华民族的宝贵财富,是东方文化的重要组成部分。作为中国古老的武术 (maritialarts)之一。其主要功能是武术攻防、锻炼身体和修身养性(self-cultivation )。太极拳在演练时,动作柔缓,但能以突然爆发的力量将对手击退。经过几个世纪的发展,太极拳已发展为多个分支,每个分支都有自己的特点。如今,太极拳在 中国乃至世界受到越来越多人欢迎。

  表达难点

  1.第1句可译为并列结构Taijiquan is precious wealth... and an important part...,系动词“是”(is)只需译出一个。

  2. 第2句中的“其主要功能是”可直译为its main functions are to...,但稍显生硬,宜转述为“它通常用于”(it is usually used for...)。“攻防”在中文里是一个词,但实际包含了两层意思,故分译为attacking and defending;同理,第3句的“柔缓”译为gentle and slow。

  3.第3句中的“太极拳在演练时”实为被动句,“太极 拳”为受动者,故译作When Taijiquan is being practice...。“但能以突然爆发的力量......”处理为which引导的非限制性定语从句which,however, can defeat。“突然爆发的力量”可译为sudden strength或sudden force,因为sudden已包含有“突然爆发”的意思,故“爆发”一词不需再译。

  4.最后一句中的“在中国乃至世界受到越来越多人欢 迎”,除译文外,还可以有多种译法,如is welcomed by more and more people both in China and overseas;is accepted by more and more people in China and the world as well。

  参考译文

  Tajiquan is precious wealth of Chinese nation and an important part of the eastern culture. As one of the ancient martial arts in China, it is usually used for attacking and defending, body building and self-cultivation. When Tajiquan is being practiced, the movements are gentle and slow, which, however, can defeat the opponent with sudden strength. Through centuries of development, Taijiquan has developed into several branches, and everyone has its features. Now Tajiquan has become increasingly popular both in China and abroad.

纠错评论责编:Luffy
相关推荐
热点推荐»

examw.com