内容和标题等。标志词一般有“main idea”、“main topic”、“best title”、“subject”、“purpose of the writer”等。这类题的解题关键在于找出文章或段落主题句的位置，并排除干扰项。一般说来正确的选项应具有概括性，能概括文章的全部内容，既不能太宽也不能太窄;还应具有宏观性和抽象性，不应停留在个别事例或事实上;而干扰项一般都是些局部信息，或是一句未展开讨论的话，或是某一段的主要内容;干扰项还可能概括内容太大，把文章的内容无限制的扩大化，包括的内容多于文章所阐述的内容，过于笼统;还有一些干扰项是一些无关信息，在文章中根本找不到根据。
As the cause is lack of bright light, the treatment is to be in bright light every day by using a light box of a similar bright light treatment. (Going to a brightly-lit climate, whether skiing or somewhere hot, is indeed a cure.) The preferred level of light is about as bright as a spring morning on a clear day and for most people sitting in front of a light box, allowing the light to reach the eyes, for between 15 and 45 minutes daily will be sufficient to alleviate the symptoms. The user does not have to stare at the light, but can watch TV or read a book, just allowing the light to reach the eyes. OUTSIDE IN have a complete range of suitable lights, all in line with the research findings from medical and academic facilities. They are all available on our pioneering HOME TRIAL SYSTEM. (2006年12月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
Which of the following sentences best express the main idea of the paragraph?
A. Why people suffer from SAD.
B. How SAD patients can be treated.
C. How long can SAD treatment lasts.
D. Where people can go for SAD treatment.
Not all risks lend themselves to being covered by insurance. Broadly speaking, the ordinary risks of business cannot be covered. The risk that buyers will not buy goods at the prices offered is not a kind that can be estimated in numbers and risks can only be insured against if they can be estimated. (2005年6月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
Which of the following can be covered by insurance?
A. All risks of business. B. All houses damaged by fire.
C. Goods with clearly marked prices. D. Things whose values can be estimated.
Eye contact with an audience also lets a speaker know and monitor(观察) his listeners. It is, in fact, essential to analyze an audience during a speech. Visual feedback(视觉反馈) from the audience an indicate that a speech is boring, that the speaker is talking too much about a particular point, or that a particular point requires further explanation. As we have pointed out, visual feedback from listeners should play an important role in shaping a speech as it is delivered. (2006年6月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
What does the writer imply about visual feedback in this paragraph?
A. It can make the speaker adjust his speech.
B. It can make the speech more informative.
C. It may discourage and stop the speaker.
D. It may cause the speaker to make less eye contact.
要的作用。我们在推论此题时，要着重推论 “shape”的意思， “shape”有“调整、调节”的意思，故A项正确。
“the meaning/stand for/be close to/refer to/mean”等。解题时可利用文中的例证。我们在答题时，可采用以下方法：
Adverse(不良的) drug reactions may cause the deaths of 100,000 U.S. hospital
patients each year, making them a leading cause of death nationwide, according to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
“The incidence(发生率) of serious and fatal adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in US hospitals was found to be extremely high, ” say researchers at the University of
Toronto in Ontario, Canada.
They carried out an analysis of 39 ADR-related studies at US hospitals over the past 30 years and defined and ADR as “any harmful, unintended, and undesired effect of a drug which occurs at doses(剂量) used in humans for medical treatment.”
An average 6.7% of all hospitalized patients experience an ADR every year,
according to the researchers. They estimate that “in 1994, overall 2,216,000 hospitalized patients had serious ADRs, and 106,000 had fatal ADRs.” This means that ADRs may rank as the fourth single largest cause of death in America. (2007年12月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
What does the word “fatal” (Para.2&4) mean in the passage?
A. Resulting in death. B. Lucky.
C. Leading to happiness. D. Worried.
该题考查考生根据上下文猜测生词意义的能力。文章第一段就说leading cause of death(导致死亡的原因)。第四段最后一句话又说“这就意味着不良药物反应在美国可能是导致死亡的第四大杀手”，因此很容易推断出fatal的是“致命的”。 A项与fatal的意思吻合，故为正确选项。
Natural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move freely in healthy farms. Compare this with what happens in the mass production of poultry: there are battery farms, for example, where thousands of chickens live crowded together in one building and re fed on food which is little better than rubbish. Chickens kept in this way are not only tasteless as food; they also produce eggs which lack important vitamins. (2006年12月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
What is the writer’s attitude towards chickens fed on battery farms?
A. Supportive. B. Doubtful.
C. Hopeful. D. Negative.
Be careful of those who use the truth to deceive(欺骗). When someone tells you something that is true, but leaves out important information that should be included, he can create a false impression. For example, someone might say, “I just won a hundred dollars on the lottery(抽彩给奖法). It was great. I took that dollar ticket back to the store and turned it in for one hundred dollars!” This guy’s a winner, right? Maybe, maybe not. We when discover that he bought two hundred tickets, and only one was a winner. He’s really a big loser! He didn’t say anything that was false, but he omitted important information on purpose. That’s called a half-truth. Half-truths are not technically lies, but they are just as dishonest.
Dishonest politicians often use this method. Let’s say that during Governor Smith’s last term, her state lost one million jobs and gained three million jobs. Then she seeks another term. One of the politicians opposing her runs an ad saying, “During Governor Smith’s term, the state lost one million jobs!” That’s true. However an honest statement would have been, “During Governor Smith’s term, the state had a net gain of two million jobs.”
Advertisers will sometimes use half-truths. It’s against the law to make false claims, so they try to mislead you with the truth. An ad might claim, “Nine out of ten doctors recommend Yucky Pills to cure nose pimples(丘疹).” It fails to mention that they only asked ten doctors and nine of them work for the Yucky Company.
This kind of deception happens too often. It’s a sad fact of life: Lies are lies, and sometimes the truth can lie as well. (2005年6月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
What does the writer want to tell us with the example of the lottery winner?
A. People lose a lot of money in buying lottery tickets.
B. Lottery makes its buyers dishonest.
C. He was lucky to win the lottery.
D. He did not tell the whole truth.
Why don’t birds get lost on their long migratory(迁徙的) flight? Scientists have puzzled over this question for many years. Now they are beginning to fill in the blanks.
Not long ago, experiments showed that birds rely on the sun to guide them during daylight hours. But what about birds that fly mainly by night? Tests with artificial(人造的) stars have proved conclusively that certain night-flying birds are able to follow stars in their long-distance flights.
One such bird─a warbler─had spent its lifetime in a cage and had never flown under a natural sky. Yet it showed an inborn ability to use stars for guidance. The bird’s cage was placed under an artificial star-filled sky at migration time. The bird tried to fly in the same direction as that taken by his outdoor cousins. Any change in the position of the artificial stars caused a change in the direction of his flight.
Scientists think that warblers, when flying in daylight, use the sun for guidance. But stars are apparently their main means of directed flight in the night. What do they do when stars are hidden by clouds? Apparently, they find their way by such landmarks as mountain ranges, coast lines and river courses. But when it is too dark to see these, the warblers circle helplessly, unable to find their way. (2005年12月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
What does the passage say about warblers’ sense of direction?
A. They are not able to see clearly at night.
B. They get lost under star-filled sky.
C. They lose their way when it is too dark.
D. They usually depend on clouds for direction.
How men first learned to invent words is unknown. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.
The power of words, then, lies in their associations─ the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the happy and sad events of our past; the more we read and learn, the larger the number of words that mean something to us becomes.
Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and feelings. This attractive use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real peot is a master of words. He can express his meaning in words which sing like music, and, by their position and association, can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them correctly, or they will make our speech dull and silly. (2005年12月浙江省大学英语三级考试题)
What is the best title of the passage?
A. How Language Came into Being B. Language and Human Experience
C. Poet: a Master of Words D. Language and Its use