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2018上半年英语四级选词填空考前必做题

中华考试网   2018-06-14   【

2018上半年英语四级选词填空考前必做题

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  In families with two working parents, fathers may have more impact on a child’s language development than mothers, a new study suggests.

  Researchers 47 92 families form 11 child care centers before their children were a year old, interviewing each to establish income, level of education and child care arrangements. Overall, it was a group of well-class families, with married parents both living in the home.

  When the children were 2, researchers videotaped them at home in free-play sessions with both parents, 48 all of their speech. The study will appear in the November issue of The Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.

  The scientists measured the 49 number of utterance (话语) of the parents, the number of different words they used, the complexity of their sentences and other 50 of their speech. On average, fathers spoke less than mothers did, but they did not differ in the length of utterances or proportion of questions asked.

  Finally, the researchers 51 the children’s speech at age 3, using a standardized language test. The only predictors of high scores on the test were the mother’s level of education, the 52 of child care and the number of different words the father used.

  The researchers are 53 why the father’s speech, and not the mother’s, had an effect.

  “It’s well 54 that the mother’s language does have an impact,” said Nadya Pancsofar, the lead author of the study. It could be that the high-functioning mothers in the study had 55 had a strong influence on their children’s speech development, Ms. Pancsofar said, “or it may be that mothers are 56 in a way we didn’t measure in the study.”

  注意:此部分试题在答题卡1上。

  A) already B) analyzed C) aspects D) characters

  E) contributing F) describing G) established H) quality

  I) quoted J) recording K) recruited L) total

  M) unconscious N) unsure O) yet

  答案Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in depth)

  47.【快速解题】动词辨义题。

  K【火眼金睛】本句缺少谓语,根据句中before引导的时间状语从句中的过去时态,可以断定谓语动词应使用过去时。根据句意,备选动词中recruited符合题意。此外备选词中analyzed是强干扰项,但其实并不合适,因为“研究者们分析了92个家庭……,并且逐一询问了他们的收入、受教育状况、孩子的照顾情况。”其中“分析”与“逐一询问”在逻辑意义上不符。

  48.【快速解题】动词辨义题。

  J【火眼金睛】空格处在with短语中,且应该作宾语parents 的补足语。根据句意可知此处应为“研究人员将他们与父母双方在家自由玩耍的情景录制下来,并记录他们所有的谈话。”可以看出此处需填一个动名词,并含有“记录”的意思,备选动词中recording 符合题意。

  49.【快速解题】动词辨义题。

  L【火眼金睛】空格位于the 与number之间,可知此处需填入一个形容词作定语。备选形容词中total 符合题意,意为“父母亲话语总的数量”。

  50.【快速解题】名词辨义题。

  C【火眼金睛】空格位于other 之后,可知此处需填入名词,备选名词只有aspects符合题意,意为“科学家们测量了父母亲话语总的数量,使用不同词汇的数量,他们的语句的复杂程度以及他们语言的其他方面。”

  51.【快速解题】动词辨义题。

  B【火眼金睛】空格在主语the researchers之后,可知此处应填入谓语动词的过去时态。剩余的备选动词中analyzed 符合题意,意为“最后,当孩子们三岁时,研究者们对孩子进行了标准化的语言测试,并对他们的语言进行了分析。”

  52.【快速解题】名词辨义题。

  H【火眼金睛】空格处前后分别为 the 与of,可知此处需填入名词,根据上下文可知该句意为“测试中,预测高分的指标包括母亲受教育的程度,养育孩子的质量,父亲使用不同词汇的数量。”备选名词中quality 符合题意。

  53.【快速解题】形容词辨义题。

  N【火眼金睛】空格位于be动词与why 从句之间,可知需填入形容词或过去分词,以构成系表结构。动词中的剩余词汇,均不能使句意通顺。备选形容词中unsure可使句意通顺,意为“令研究者们疑惑的是为什么父亲而非母亲的语言对孩子有影响。”

  54.【快速解题】动词辨义题。

  G【火眼金睛】空格处在is well和that从句之间,此处需要填入过去分词。备选动词中established 符合题意, 其中it is well established that…,意为“大家公认……”。

  55.【快速解题】副词辨义题。

  A【火眼金睛】本句结构完整,空格处需填入一个副词。空格前后的had并不相同,前面的had是构成过去完成时态的助动词,后面的had是短语have a strong influence on…,结合句意,备选副词中already符合题意。

  56.【快速解题】动词辨义题。

  E【火眼金睛】纵观全句,空格处应填入现在分词,与are构成现在进行时态。根据句意“最终对于整个学校的文化氛围都会产生有益的影响”。备选动词中contributing符合题意, 意为“可能母亲起作用的方式在研究中我们没有测量。”

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  Every year in the first week of my English class, some students inform me that writhing is too hard. They never write, unless assignments 47 it . They fine the writing process 48 and difficult.

  How awful to be able to speak in a language but not to write in it- 49 English , with its rich vocabulary . Being able to speak but not write is like living in an 50 mansion(豪宅) and never leaving one small room . When I meet students who think they can’t write, I know as a teacher my 51 is to show them the rest of the rooms . My task is to build fluency while providing the opportunity inherent in any writing activity to 52 the moral and emotional development of my students . One great way to do this is by having students write in a journal in class every day.

  Writing ability is like strength training. Writing needs to be done 53 , just like exercise ; just as muscles grow stronger with exercise , writing skills improve quickly with writing practice. I often see a rise in student confidence and 54 after only a few weeks of journal writing .

  Expressing oneself in writing is one of the most important skills I teach to strengthen the whole student. When my students practice journal writing, they are practicing for their future academic, political, and 55 lives . They build skills so that some day they might write a great novel, a piece of sorely needed legislation, or the perfect love letter. Every day that they write in their journals puts them a step 56 to fluency , eloquence (雄辩), and command of language .

A) closer                             I) painful

B) daily                              J) performance

C) emotional                          K) profession

D) enhance                           L) remarkably

E) enormous                          M) require

F) especially                          N) sensitive

G) hinder                             O) urge

H) mission

  答案Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in depth)

  47. M require 48. I painful 49.F especially 50. E enormous

  51.H mission 52. D enhance 53. B daily 54.J performance

  55. K profession 56 A daily

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