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2018年6月大学英语四级选词填空预测题

中华考试网   2018-06-14   【

2018年6月大学英语四级选词填空预测题

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  What determines the kind of person you are? What factors make you more or less bold, intelligent, or able to read a map? All of these are influenced by the interaction of your genes and the environment in which you were 47 . The study of how genes and environment interact to influence 48 activity is known as behavioral genetics. Behavioral genetics has made important 49 to the biological revolution, providing information about the extent to which biology influences mind, brain and behavior.

  Any research that suggests that 50 to perform certain behaviors are based in biology is controversial. Who wants to be told that there are limitations to what you can 51 based on something that is beyond your control, such as your genes? It is easy to accept that genes control physical characteristics such as sex, race and eye color. But can genes also determine whether people will get divorced, how 52 they are, or what career they are likely to choose? A concern of psychological scientists is the 53 to which all of these characteristics are influenced by nature and nurture(养育), by genetic makeup and the environment. Increasingly, science 54 that genes lay the groundwork for many human traits. From this perspective, people are born 55 like undeveloped photographs: The image is already captured, but the way it 56 appears can vary based on the development process. However, the basic picture is there from the beginning.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  [A] abilities [I] extent

  [B] achieve [J] indicates

  [C] appeal [K] proceeds

  [D] complaints [L] psychological

  [E] contributions [M] raised

  [F] displayed [N] smart

  [G] essentially [O] standard

  [H] eventually

  答案Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in depth)

  47. M) raised 48. L) psychological 49. E) contributions 50. A) abilities

  51. B) achieve 52. N) smart 53. I) extent 54. J) indicates

  55. G) essentially 56. H) eventually

  Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  When we think of green buildings, we tend to think of new ones – the kind of high-tech, solar-paneled masterpieces that make the covers of architecture magazines. But the U.S. has more than 100 million existing homes, and it would be __47__ wasteful to tear them all down and __48__ them with greener versions. An enormous amount of energy and resources went into the construction of those houses. And it would take an average of 65 years for the __49__ carbon emissions from a new energy-efficient home to make up for the resources lost by destroying an old one. So in the broadest __50__, the greenest home is the one that has already been built. But at the same time, nearly half of U. S. carbon emissions come from heating, cooling and __51__ our homes, offices and other buildings. "You can't deal with climate change without dealing with existing buildings," says Richard Moe, the president of the National Trust.

  With some __52__, the oldest homes tend to be the least energy-efficient. Houses built before 1939 use about 50% more energy per square foot than those built after 2000, mainly due to the tiny cracks and gaps that __53__ over time and let in more outside air.

  Fortunately, there are a __54__ number of relatively simple changes that can green older homes, from __55__ ones like Lincoln's Cottage to your own postwar home. And efficiency upgrades (升级) can save more than just the earth; they can help __56__ property owners from rising power costs.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  A) accommodations B) clumsy C) doubtful D) exceptions

  E) expand F) historic G) incredibly H) powering

  I) protect J) reduced K) replace L) sense

  M) shifted N) supplying O) vast

  答案Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in depth)

  47. G incredibly 48. K replace 49. J reduced 50. L sense 51. H powering

  52. D exceptions  53. E expand 54. O vast 55. F historic 56. I protect

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