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2018年英语四级阅读理解题库:幸福

中华考试网   2018-02-22   【

2018年英语四级阅读理解题库:幸福

  The way people hold to the belief that a fun-filled, painfree life equals happiness actually reduces their chances of ever attaining real happiness, If fun and pleasure are equal to happiness then pain must be equal to unhappiness. But in fact, the opposite is true: more often than not things that lead to happiness involve some pain.

  As a result, many people avoid the very attempts that are the source of true hap piness. They fear the pain inevitably brought by such things as marriage, raising children,professional achievement, religious commitment (承担的义务), self improvement. Ask a bachelor(单身汉) why he resists marriage even though he finds dating to be less and less satisfying. If he is honest he will tell you that he is afraid of making a commitment. For commitment is in fact quite painful. The single life i s filled with fun, adventure, excitement. Marriage has such moments, but they are not its most distinguishing features.

  Couples with infant children are lucky to get a whole night's sleep or a three day vacation. I don't know any parent who would choose the word fun to describe raising children. But couple who decide not to have children never know the joys of watching a child grow up or of playing with a grandchild.

  Understanding and accepting that true happiness has nothing to do with fun is one of the most liberating realizations. It liberates time: now we can devote more hours to activities that can genuinely increase our happiness. It liberates money: buying that new car or those fancy clothes that will do nothing to increase our happiness now seems pointless. And it liberates us from envy: we now understand that all those who are always having so much fun actually may not be happy at all.

  这是一篇议论文,阐述了幸福的获得这一严肃主题,试图澄清人们在幸福问题上的一些误解。

  1. According to the author, a bachelor resists marriage chiefly because _______ .

  A) he is reluctant to take on family responsibilities

  B) he believes that life will be more cheerful if he remains single

  C) he finds more fun in dating than in marriage

  D) he fears it will put an end to all his fun adventure and excitement

  2. Raising children, in the author's opinion, is _______.

  A) a moral duty B) a thankless job

  C) a rewarding task D) a source of inevitable pain

  3. From the last paragraph, we learn that envy sometimes stems from _______.

  A) hatred B) misunderstanding

  C) prejudice D) ignorance

  4. To understand what true happiness is one must _______.

  A) have as much run as possible during one's lifetime

  B) make every effort to liberate oneself from pain

  C) put up with pain under all circumstances

  D) be able to distinguish happiness from fun

  5. What is the author trying to tell us?

  A) Happiness often goes hand in hand with pain.

  B) One must know how to attain happiness.

  C) It is important to make commitments.

  D) It is pain that leads to happiness.

  参考答案及解析

  1、[答案及分析]:[A]根据第3段第1句话,不难得知A项正确。

  2、[答案及分析]:[C]依据为第4段的意义:“有婴儿的父母若能睡一夜整觉或度上一个三天的假期,那真是太幸运了。我认识的为人父母的人中,没有谁认为抚养小孩子fun(好玩)。但是,决定不要孩子的夫妻永远也不会体会到看着孩子成长以及孙儿玩耍的那种快乐。”据此可排除A、B、D项而选C。

  3、[答案及分析]:[B]最后一段的意思是:“真正的幸福与fun无关,这样一种观念使得我们不得envy,因为我们已经理解到那些总是充满fun的人实际上可能并不幸福。”也就是说,我们原先所以有envy,是存在误解(misunderstand)。

  4、[答案及分析]:[D]第1段和第2段的第1句话及第3、4段所举的论据及第5段的意思都表明D项正确。

  5、[答案及分析]:[A]作者在第1段就否定了好玩、无痛苦就等于幸福这一观点,明确提出自己的看法:实际上,导致幸福的事情多半伴随着痛苦。随后几段都在论证这一观点。很明显,A项正确。

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