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2017年12月英语四级阅读理模拟试题(3)

   2017-12-07   【

  "Culture shock"occurs as result of total immersion in a new culture. It happens to"people who have been suddenly transplanted abroad."Newcomers may be anxious because they do not speak the language, know the customs, or understand people's behavior in daily life. The visitor finds that"yes"may not always mean"yes", that friendliness does not necessarily mean friendship, or that statements that appear to be serious are really intended as jokes. The foreigner may be unsure as to when to shake hands, when to start conversations, or how to approach a stranger. The notion of"culture shock" helps explain feelings of bewilderment and disorientation. Language problems do not account for all the frustrations that people feel. When one is deprived of everything that was once familiar, such as understanding a transportation system, knowing how to register for university classes, or knowing how to make friends, difficulties in coping whth the new society may arise.

  "... when an individual enters a strange culture, he or she is like fish out of water."Newcomers feel at times that they do not belong to and feel alienated from the native members of the culture. When this happens visitors may want to reject everything about the new environment and may glorify and exaggerate the positive aspects of their own culture. Conversely visitors may scorn their native country by rejecting its values and instead choosing to identify with (if only temporatily) the value of the new country. This may occur as an attempt to over-identify with the new culture in order to be accepted by the people in it.

  1. The expression "he or she is like fish out of water"suggests ________.

  a. people away from their cultures can hardly survive in a new culture

  b. a fish can not survive without water

  c. people away from their culture experience mental isolation

  d. people away from their culture have difficulties in new environment

  2. In order to identify with the new environment, some people may ________.

  a. give an exaggerated picture of their own country

  b. criticize the positive aspects of their own county

  c. abandon their original beliefs

  d. accept a temporary set of values

  3. Which of the following statements is true according to the author?

  a. Perplexity results in culture shock.

  b. A typical symptom of cultur shock is confusion.

  c. Culture shock is the explanation of anxiety.

  d. Culture shock happens to foreign students only.

  4. Newcomer may worry about ________.

  a. their ignorance of the alien customs

  b. their knowledge of "Yes" in the native language

  c. their understanding of friendship

  d. their control of their behavior

  5. When the foreign visitor is immersed in new problems he finds hard to cope whith, he is most likely to feel ________.

  a. uninsured

  b. deprived

  c. alienated

  d. baffled

  参考答案:cdadbc

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